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The raid on Avacha: everyday fish protection
Anticipating a chase with the breeze for vicious bloodthirsty poachers, I come to the courtyard of the Department for Control, Supervision and Protection of Aquatic Biological Resources and Their Habitat in the Elizovsky District of the North-Eastern Territorial Administration of the Federal Agency for Fisheries (Rosrybolovstvo) (uh, we love pompous names) ... In general, everything is modest here - an office, garages, boats, UAZs and Kruzaks ... I met me as acting director. the head of the department, Evgeny Veretennikov, in order to assign him to the group going “on the water”: to the state inspectors Artem Belyaev, Sergei Khodilin and the senior state inspector Maxim Karagodin. While they are preparing for the exit - changing clothes, pumping up the boat, fiddling with the engine, Evgeny Viktorovich gives instructions: “Obey the one who steers, be in a life jacket, be attentive, hold on tightly, do not get up in the boat. Be sober and ready for any situation that may arise on the water (shallow water, creases, resistance of offenders during arrest). You can take food and drink on the water ”. If I listened calmly about resistance to violators, then I got excited: “Oh, but I didn't take the food!”. "Nothing, they will not leave you hungry, they will share!" - assured Veretennikov.
"Cap and gloves?" - Sergey Khodilin asks, holding out a life jacket and a karemat on an elastic band.
- Yes, and two more jackets.
"They'll come in useful, always draws the cold from the water."
“Senior state inspector Karagodin, Elizovsky department. Yes, we have started! ”- their day begins with a report to the operational duty officer. Report and ends. The area to be reached extends to 9 km - right from the inspection and to the border of the "licensee". This is a place of traditional fishing, where sites are given to representatives of the indigenous peoples of the North and the Far East. Since fishing is closed from August 6, there should be no net fishing here. Only the license area “works” - you can fish for spinning. Now let's see one way or the other.
On the poaching wave
We go quietly, the motor barely coves. Despite the gloomy morning, the surroundings are very beautiful - the trees are already slightly touched by autumn colors, the seagulls turn white on the snags, their reflection is duplicated in the dark water. The guys show on the walkie-talkie - it is set to a single poaching wave. While I do not attach any importance to this, I carefully listen to the comments of the most talkative of the team - Artem Belyaev, who controls the motorboat. According to the staffing table, the Elizovsky department (the largest in the SVTU) employs 23 inspectors. In a group of at least three people. Elizovsky district is the most densely populated and therefore problematic.
At the right bank there was a garage with a signboard of "KMNS" and five boats, all with good motor. Everyone pulls thousands on 100. A network looks out from under one boat. Nearby no one - "night worked, now rest." But no, some comrade descends to the water in the camouflaged camouflage, but when he sees us, he hurries back. Garage, by the way, should not stand here - there should be no buildings near the river. But the owner to look for is useless - no one will subscribe to it. Go ahead.
“This is an amateur athlete,” comments Artyom Vladimirovich, “does not break anything, honestly catches char. Puffing a cigarette, an honest fisherman escorts us with a displeased look.
- Rybniki in the course went. The four of us, "the walkie-talkie rang loudly. "Who's downstairs?" Have you heard?
- Everything, has passed, - answer.
In general, fishing of indigenous peoples is, in fact, legalized poaching. How's it going? The aboriginal is allocated a quota, for example, according to 20 tails of pink salmon, chum salmon, sockeye salmon, which is easy to close with one or two fishing. A friend buys a magazine, registers it with us in the department. Now calmly catch the fish and report once a quarter. Earlier with the representatives of the indigenous people there were no problems. But now they practically do not keep records, for a small quota they master tens of times more. Happens, allocated to a person 20 kg. He sits, pulls the males out of the net - and into the water. Although bioresources allowed for production are prohibited. But there are also honest guys. They caught their own - and there are not any of them on the river.
Under the guise of indigenous peoples
Now, under the guise of Aborigines, everyone who is not lazy is fishing. And it was also fashionable for decent money to hire a representative of the indigenous people with the magazine - how many ads were in the newspaper! Because of the radios with which they are completely equipped, it is simply unrealistic to approach imperceptibly. And we have few people. You can even sit all day on the river - there will be no one, only we did - went to fish. Even with a grid you catch, "No, it's not ours" - they deny it. And there - half of the quota.
Now the representatives of the clan communities are outraged: salmon fishing is prohibited, so let us catch loaches, we did not have time to master them. But, alas, the protocol of the meeting of the Commission for the regulation of the catch of anadromous fish species of this type of bioresources was also prohibited to special order to prevent illegal salmon fishing on the river.
In the distance can be seen the skeleton of the plague. - For the time of fishing people build buildings, - says Artem Belyaev, - This is temporary, so the law does not violate. People from the tribal community fished here. When the fishery was closed, they dismantled and took out everything they could, buried the pits. Have left. But now, if we come nearer, we will see fresh garbage, poachers have left it, then to say - it was done by the indigenous people.
The radio again is coining - “cuckoos” are introduced into the course of “colleagues”, where and in what quantity the fish protection moves. And we are approaching the "painful point" of the site - the village of Pogranichny. We cling to the shore. Boats, sinkers with stones, buoys. Even to me at once it is clear that they were fishing here recently. Dogs running out to meet with barking. Night "laborers" boil tea under the hastily made of old mattresses and other trash tent. They turn away from the camera, they don’t want to give an interview. There is no journal. When we set sail - they wave energetically after.
- When are you going to be filming? Asks Maxim Karagodin. - Fishing is closed, it will not be opened. - Yes, I heard. "When will you dismantle your construction?" - The 20 machine will come. "You have to leave the order after yourself, you know, right?" - Yes, of course, we take out the garbage ourselves ... - Well, the fish were thrown into the river in the river ... - No-no-it, it's not ours. - Yes of course! On your site, everything is yours!
Poaching is a social problem
Previously, it was not at all: a man procured for the winter 20-30 tails, salted the barrel of caviar - no longer needed. But there were buyers and exaggerated prices for delicacy. Since then, on the territory of the Kamchatka Territory poaching has progressed tens, hundreds of times. Anyone can take a loan or installments for motor boat equipment, buy imported fishing gear on the market, prohibited for use on our bodies of water without permission. They can not be stopped by anything - neither by protocols, which are written in bundles, nor by fines, nor by the removal of expensive boats and engines. Nonsense! It used to be - the boat was taken away, the silence is on the river for a long time, and now I drove the second one, bought after the last season, and forward. Litigation is also not afraid of modern marriage, even if the case materials are sent to the police. Very much legally savvy steel. In court, you can hear: "I wanted to catch two fish on my ear. And here, imagine, just twenty caught! I did not even think that it happens. Why do you want to attract me! "Is it funny? But these nonsense often work. And the SVTU department is refusing to institute criminal proceedings.
How difficult it is to find a brakusha on the "hot"! And so to bring to criminal account - even more so. Often caught with a large volume of fish, he tries to escape in any way: throws out nets, catch, floods the boat. Even the harvested caviar does not regret. This summer in Ust-Bolsheretsky district these guys showed the wonders of cohesion - they promptly informed "colleagues" about the danger that threatened them. Immediately boats flew up, blocked the inspectors. At that moment the motorboat either left, or dropped the catch. And what their engines are powerful! If the balance of the fish protection engines on 40, then they are on 60 and 90 are encountered. In remote, hard-to-reach areas, where the "Brek" is thrown by helicopters, and ATVs are available, and mini ATVs ... There is a real massacre, the fish torn out with huge heaps, the eggs roar on the spot. Also you will not get.
And a thief, not caught
The main problem with the detention of violators is the lack of witnesses. The public inspectors could solve it, but nobody wants to work free of charge nowadays. Brakushi use this, frankly provoke, make it impossible to withdraw property. We have to convince, to go to the trick. Sometimes, at the first explanation, the violator admits: yes, I have deliberately taken it for myself, I try for the family, I correct the financial situation. But the case goes into the hands of the police, and begins: the testimony was given under pressure by the inspector, I was threatened with physical violence ...
Well, the court often considers that the damage caused and the amount of the penalty for violating fishing rules are incommensurable with the cost of the outboard motor and boat. Therefore, the verdict: fine to pay, to confiscate the grid, to compensate the damage in a voluntary manner. It is clear that voluntarily no one is in a hurry to compensate for damage, therefore after a certain time SVTU submits a claim for compulsory collection. But there is very little to do with the confiscation of a boat or motor. A pity, it would be nice to withdraw them in favor of the state.
If from the moment of the violation to the court the case was conducted by one structure, the result would be another. Or at the time of the fishing season, the group would consist of a police officer. Not a simple precinct, but a physically prepared person who knows the specifics of work on the river. Fortunately, the joint raids of the SVTU and the “siloviks” are becoming a constant practice. By the way, the issue with service weapons was recently resolved. Now inspectors of the Federal Agency for Fishery are trained, they pass the regulations, which may soon facilitate their work. In the meantime, it is more reminiscent of the fight against windmills - only control, supervision and prevention.
"Recidivists" on the bridge
We change into a car - it's more convenient to catch poachers from the shore, then the walkie-talkie will not help them. I shoot a bunch of jackets, and the guys change into a dark blue uniform with the inscription "Fish protection". On the way we snack "Snickers", they prudently stocked up the caring Sergei Khodilin. "Now we will come to the" license ", we will check the availability of permits," he says. - For 200 rubles you can get three coho, for 50 - 8 golchikov. If there is no voucher - there is a fine from 2 to 5 thousand ".
On the bridge with fishing rods frozen several retired fishermen. Seeing us, one granddaughter thoughtfully moves aside. There, where he stood, hangs inconspicuous backpack, from it sticks out a fishing rod with a prohibited gear. The inspector has no right to withdraw it. We catch up with the grandfather. - Your backpack? - we ask. “My, but I’m not a fish-a-ah,” as he stretches his words in an old-fashioned way, he answers. - You know, and you are breaking the law. For catching fish without a ticket, a fine is provided, says Artyom Vladimirovich. - Yes, I just came to see, sighs 73-year-old grandpa.
And the truth is, the one who takes out tons of caviar "from the north", for some reason always goes unscathed. And grandpa, who dared to pull a pair of "tails" - poacher? Funny Sergey Khodilin and Maxim Karagodin "deal" with the guys on the other side of the bridge, take away the prohibited gear. It turns out that they got a "recidivist" - in the morning a protocol was written out to him.
But those guys who put the car right near the river - in the water protection zone, which is 200 m - can "stick" to the fine from 3 to 4,5 thousand rubles. They have long been somewhere rushing away on motorboats. There is no equipped platform or parking for transportation here, which means, according to the Water Code, it is impossible to drive up to the river.
The fishermen, realizing that they are wrong and right at the same time, enter into a stormy polemic with the state inspectors: "Go to where they carry the nets, you do not fine them!" "There is nowhere to buy these trips! Earlier here they sold, I feel sorry for these 200 rubles, or what? "- flashes Dmitri from Petropavlovsk, the very one who has been robbed of the precious sinker. "Is there no place to buy a ticket in the city?" - I ask. "Yes, I left at seven in the morning ..." - he replies, although he understands himself - it was possible to stock up in the evening ...
The debate continues:
- And why should we buy a ticket for fish, but not for the provision of services? Yes, what kind of services are there, trees, sticks, where is parking for vehicles, for example? - shout out one. “Well, the sinker can be given away,” Dmitri mutters, from whom the tackle has been taken - this is not a hook ... “But what's the point that she will write in the newspaper, she’s not a lawyer ...” so they walked through me. - Where does the money from the vouchers go? For what? - the fourth is interested.
"Money from the sale of licenses," Artem Vladimirovich says authoritatively, "is going to preserve bioresources, fish breeding, and feed for young people." - I'm on the river 60 years! - the man with the mustache is indignant, - And I have to be just as much! If I catch one or two fish for a bait - so I do not need more! And there they drag nets! You do not notice it. Here, of course, it's easier for you to catch a poacher! - How can we not notice? - Inspectors lose patience. - You saw, there all the camps took pictures, from August there is nobody! Do you even know how many protocols have been compiled over the summer? How many engines are withdrawn? In the Elizovo department there are about 20 boats and the same number of boat engines. For most materials, large damages are enough. You even, going to the river, do not read the rules of fishing! Stop and catch on the trimming, and it's forbidden.
- How else to catch her, if she does not bite, you bastard? - all laugh after Hochmach.
- I'm on the river 73 of the year, - enters a colorful grandfather, as if left from fairy tales, - as we go with the boys to the river, what there is only fish there! I took it with my hands and carried it home! And no one delayed me. And here in Kopaya we go through the Kaban-brook, and it's crawling - even catching catfish, even coarse, even if it's a chinook! Now stop by - there's not even a finger! And we caught the smelt on the bay. I have taken all the needles from my mother. I'll make a hole, she's standing, under the ice, why does she need a hook? Start the hand and take it! Now give the license for the smelt and the char! Where is it good? Okay, krasnitsa ... but for smelt and goatz li-cen-zi-yu? You will excuse me ... And there was no poaching before. The fish lay on the shelves. Then it was not the object of gain! What is the profit? One or two of them caught a grandmother on the roast and on the ear.
- It's you. And someone lives it ... There is no salary, there is nowhere to work. It's also not because of a good life because they are married ... - one of the fishermen intervenes.
- Young-th human-ek, - the grandfather smirks, - who wants to work, that will be! And because the fish will be blown up and thrown out. Well, take it, bring some grandmother if you don’t need it ... No! Well this is a mockery of nature. This is what I am against.
“So go to work as a public inspector for us,” suggests Artyom Belyaev. - True, free! And only in the summer. Come to any department - they will write it down everywhere!
- Eh, I have a summer cottage in the summer, but okay, I will come!
It's time for us, and the fishermen are still buzzing, like an alarmed beehive. We drive along Avacha in the vicinity of Pogranichny and - on you: the "workers" on two boats check the network. Hoods cover faces, boats without numbers. Having seen the inspectors, they hastily start pulling out the networks and quickly retiring. It remains only to count the catch - no less than seven coho tailings. Damage for one copy of coho (and chinook) is 1250 rub. These people know what they are getting at, they lose boats, motors, do not pay fines, but are sure that they will not lose. They will "pick off" their engine and buy a new boat on the future route. Press on the river and the sea will only grow, the number of offenses will not fall, while there is a sale of salmon roe. But if the problem is not solved - it means that someone needs it? ..
I don’t know how guys are, they don’t get used to it, but I'm already tired. And in fact, nothing happened on that day - she did not take part in the races for violators, and she didn’t take guns from Bachevinka to withdraw weapons from hunters, who shot a lot of animals and ripped a lot of fish (like Sergei Khodilin did last summer). But how difficult it is to be a good inspector of fish conservation. Being humane and demanding, tough and courageous, honest and principled, loving your land and with sympathy treats even those who are called “poachers”.
Published in the newspaper "Fisherman of Kamchatka"
EastRussia - information partner of the "Rybak Kamchatka" newspaper