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Regions lack the authority to regulate the fishing industry
Rosrybolovstvo is considering the possibility of expanding the powers of the Commissions for regulating the production of anadromous fish species
The Sakhalin Oblast Commission for the Regulation of Anadromous Fish Species does not have enough powers to fully regulate both fishing and the filling of spawning grounds by producers in the region. This conclusion was reached in the commission itself and the Government of the region, having analyzed the existing
He also explained what problems exist today in ensuring the rights of the local population and representatives of the indigenous peoples of the North to fish for salmon. According to him, it so happened historically that in the Sakhalin region there are no water areas for amateur and sport fishing, despite the fact that their mandatory presence in the region is spelled out in Russian legislation. The entire onshore part of Sakhalin is divided between fishing companies for commercial fishing. At the same time, local residents are still engaged in fishing and, thus, formally become poachers. They are sometimes detained by fish protection officers, who are fined for catching one or two tails of pink salmon. At the same time, real poachers, operating with tons of red fish and caviar, are often outside the scope of attention of law enforcement agencies. As a result, a confrontation is formed between the population and the fish industry, and social tension is growing.
At the same time, according to Igor Bystrov, it is impossible to keep the course on the development of the tourist cluster taken in the Sakhalin region, since if a local resident does not have the opportunity to legally catch and eat fish, then fishing tourism is out of the question.
Therefore, the Government of the Sakhalin Region applied to the Federal Agency for Fishery with a request to consider the possibility of expanding the powers of the regional Commission for regulating the production of anadromous fish species. The regional government proposes to expand the powers of the Commission by granting the Commission the right to establish additional conditions for the extraction of anadromous fish species (fish that appear in Russian water bodies and then migrate to the sea for feeding, in order to subsequently return for spawning to their places of appearance). In particular, to clarify the coordinates of the installation of fishing gear (seines) and to independently establish the size limits of these fishing gear, to limit the fishing load not only within the framework of the existing fishing rules, but also to prohibit fishing in fishing grounds in order to ensure the filling of spawning grounds. The Government of Sakhalin also proposes to give the Commission of the region a number of additional powers that will allow it to better ensure the rights to catch salmon of the local population and representatives of the indigenous minorities of the North. These are such powers as the ability to determine the volumes of extraction of aquatic biological resources by amateur fishermen, places and equipment for sports and amateur fishing.
“Additional powers of the Commission for the Regulation of Anadromous Fish Species of the Sakhalin Region to regulate the salmon fishing, artificial reproduction, sport and recreational fishing is not a whim, but an urgent need. If Rosrybolovstvo grants the Commission these additional powers, it will have the opportunity to reduce the fishing load on the salmon population and fill the spawning grounds. Thus, she will be able to solve the main tasks facing her today - the preservation of the population of valuable species of aquatic biological resources in the region and the provision of local fishery producers with work for many years to come. Also, thanks to the additional powers of the Commission in the field of regulation of recreational and sport fishing, local residents will be able to fully engage in traditional nature management, and conditions for the development of tourism will be improved in the region, "Igor Bystrov explained.
At the same time, he added that there are a number of objective factors that justify the granting of additional powers to the Commission for the regulation of the production of anadromous fish species operating in the Sakhalin region. Since it was she who was the first of the Far Eastern regions to face a reduction in the approach of salmonids. As a result, in a number of areas of Sakhalin there is a need not so much to organize fishing as to restore the population. At the same time, the Sakhalin Region is today one of the leaders in the field of artificial reproduction of Pacific salmon. Therefore, she has a lot of questions that are not dealt with, for example, the Kamchatka Territory or the Khabarovsk Territory. These are issues such as determining the recipients of the right to catch fish released by fish farms, a way to provide fish farms with caviar necessary for the further reproduction of salmonids.
“Today Rosrybolovstvo regularly discusses aspects of fisheries regulation with the regions and meets them halfway when solving complex issues. Now the department is considering a proposal from the Government of the Sakhalin Region to expand the powers of the local Commission for the regulation of the production of anadromous fish species. If the specialists of the department come to a decision that additional powers of this commission are necessary, then they will prepare drafts of amendments to the relevant regulations governing fishing in Russia and the activities of the Commission. At the same time, if the proposal of the Sakhalin Oblast government is approved, then not only the Commission for the Regulation of the Production of Anadromous Fish Species of this region will be endowed with additional powers, but all the commissions operating in the regions where salmon fishing is carried out, "the head of the press service told ER Ksenia Timakova.
“Fishing in each fish region of the Far East has its own specificity. Therefore, the Fisheries Rules for the Far Eastern fishery basin establish their own fishery parameters for one or another of its regions. For example, in contrast to the Khabarovsk Territory, in the Sakhalin Region, fishing is carried out mainly in the sea, while river fishing is mostly common in the territory. And even the river fishing of the two regions differs from each other, since those rivers of Sakhalin, in which insignificant volumes of fish are caught, are, unlike the Khabarovsk river reservoirs, very small. Accordingly, the fishing gear used by the regions is not the same. At the same time, the Sakhalin Oblast uses a system of fishing organization different from the Khabarovsk Krai - the Olympic system, ”said Sergey Andryushchenko, Deputy Chairman of the Fisheries Committee of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Khabarovsk Krai.
In his opinion, the Fisheries Committee of the Khabarovsk Territory does not feel a special need for those powers, the proposal for the provision of which was sent to the Federal Agency for Fishery by the Commission for the Regulation of the Production of Anadromous Fish of the Sakhalin Region.
“The Sakhalin Commission demands to give it the right to implement a more rigid binding to the terrain of fishing gear - to determine more accurate coordinates of their installation. For fishing in the Khabarovsk Territory, the binding provided by the fishing rules is sufficient. The same is true with Sakhalin's demanded right to set limits on the size of fishing gear. The Committee for Fisheries of the Khabarovsk Territory copes with the problems arising from the lack of space for fishermen due to the occupation of too large a water area by any fishery, in a working order - it does not need to force the fishermen to comply with the norms prescribed in the provisions of the commission. Providing the ability to determine the volume of production of aquatic biological resources by amateur fishermen, places and tools for sports and amateur fishing is also necessary only for the Sakhalin region due to the fact that, unlike the Khabarovsk Territory, fishing grounds for the implementation of sports and amateur fishing ", - Sergey Andryushchenko explained.
But at the same time, he noted that the Committee for Fisheries of the Khabarovsk Territory supports any proposals for expanding regulation, sent by the commissions of fisheries of other Far Eastern regions to the Federal Agency for Fishery.
According to him, the Fisheries Committee of the Khabarovsk Territory currently needs most of all to grant the Federal Agency for Fishery the right to establish the frequency of reporting by fishery enterprises. Since now the commissions, in order to recommend the local scientific community to prepare a justification for the possibility of additional filling of spawning grounds, often have to turn to the fishermen themselves with a request for reporting. Due to the fact that the Fishing Rules now provide for reporting by fishermen only once every 5 days.
“In general, today the activities of the regional commissions for the regulation of the production of anadromous fish species, which have existed for several years, are recognized by the Federal Agency for Fishery as effective. As a result of their work, there is an operational regulation of the fishing route. Regulation by the Commissions is essential for quality fisheries, especially in regions where it is large. In particular, in the Sakhalin Oblast, where Pacific salmon are harvested by more than 300 enterprises, which annually catch about
Commissions for the regulation of the production of anadromous fish species operate in those regions of Russia where the Pacific salmon are fished. They include representatives of the Federal Agency for Fishery and authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, experts from various scientific institutions, as well as Russian fish farmers and fish producers. The activities of these Commissions are regulated by the fishing law and the corresponding order of the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia. The functions of the commissions include the establishment of a number of conditions, volumes, terms, as well as the determination of places for the extraction of anadromous fish species. For example, the Commissions make regular changes in the volumes of catch of certain subspecies of anadromous fish; the places of setting fishing tools and the number of fishing grounds are determined; dates for the start and prohibition of fishing are established; Periods of admission of producers of anadromous fish species to water bodies are being organized.