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Rantier remain in the law
Rosrybolovstvo is well acquainted with the problems of the fishing industry in the Far East: this may result in changes that are planned to be made to the Law on Fisheries
At the last extended meeting of the Board of Rosrybolovstva much was said about the Far East. In particular, it was about the development of promising fishing facilities, the implementation of the mechanism of state support quotas, the results of the past year of 2015 and the problems that exist to this day in the development of the industry.
Half a year later, the official response of Rosrybolovstvo, the position voiced by its head Ilya Shestakov: "While searching for the source of these amendments, the source of investment quotas, Rosrybolovstvo fully understands that to withdraw any quotas from modern Far Eastern fish-breeding companies, and, in Including the rentier, will not work, so they own them legally, "Ilya Shestakov explained. In addition, it must be taken into account that the raw material base itself is unstable from the point of view of biological factors, the volumes of a fishing company may fluctuate by 20% or more, the head of Rosrybolovstva added.
According to the head of the department, the draft of the relevant federal law, which should determine the rules of the game, the new period of fixing quotas after 2018, has been developed and is now at an interagency coordination. At the same time, it is obvious that there should not be any changes in the legislation before the autumn session of the Duma.
According to Ilya Shestakov, one of the norms of the draft law is aimed at combating rentier - an increase in the mandatory threshold for the development of quotas from 50% to 70%. "If necessary, we will also propose additional regulatory measures in every way to support enterprises departing from the raw material orientation of exports and promoting products to the domestic market," added Ilya Shestakov.
Until then, when the new rules of the game come into force, according to Mr. Shestakov, industrialists have the resources to develop beyond the perimeter of the sphere of influence of Rosrybolovstvo itself. For example, Mr. Shestakov refuted the now widespread statements by fishermen of the Far East about the lack of funds and, in general, the possibilities for building new ships, envisaged by the mechanism of investment quotas.
“For the construction of new vessels by the fishing companies of the Far East, the state has now developed such support measures as subsidizing by the Ministry of Industry and Trade the interest rate of loans taken by them in the bank for these projects. At the same time, the banks themselves are now sufficiently interested in lending projects for the construction of ships with guarantees from shipyards. Using this subsidy provided by the state, fishing companies have the opportunity to pay back the vessel for 8-11 years. This makes life easier for fishing companies, since without a subsidy from the Ministry of Industry and Trade, their shipbuilding projects pay for themselves very slowly - over 20-25 years, ”said Ilya Shestakov.
Interesting interpretations were given by the department and official statistics, according to which, while in one part of the country the volume of extracted uninhabitable aquatic biological resources increased three times during the year, in the Far East in the same period there was a fall by 20%. "In particular, the volume of such fish species as saury and herring has decreased, and the squid production level has decreased," said Ilya Shestakov, head of the Federal Fishery Agency.
"We need to understand the reasons and ensure the implementation of measures that contribute to the restoration and growth of the volume of production of individual fishing facilities," the head of Rosrybolovstvo said. - So, as an increase of interest in the development of non-quota-type species, I consider it necessary to develop a mechanism for recording the history of fishing when determining the catch rights in case of transferring such objects to the rank of "MISSED". In fact - to stimulate thereby the fishermen who took the risk in the implementation of the fishing of little-digested objects, "- said the head of Rosrybolovstva.
"The main task in the work to develop the fishery complex in the Far East in the foreseeable future is to increase the volume of extraction of new species of aquatic biological resources. Such as, for example, mackerel, saury and herring. According to calculations conducted by Rosrybolovstvo, in 2016, it is possible to catch an additional 100 thousand tons of these fish here, "Ilya Shestakov said.
The discussion of the logistics of fish products from the Far East to the central part of Russia did not add optimism. On the one hand, there was a small year - about 12% - an increase in supplies in this direction. On the other hand, the tariff for transportation of fish and fish products is still not lowered, and the delivery time is about 21 days. Moreover, absolutely blatant facts also sounded, according to the president of the Association of Refrigerated Rolling Stock Operators Vitaly Momot, for example, the largest Russian railway operator PJSC "Transcontainer", unlike other railway operators, is currently transporting fish and fish products from the Far East to the central Part of Russia without maintaining the temperature regime. And at the present moment, despite the appeals of the Association to various instances, this problem can not be solved in any way. And cargo owners and consumers suffer.
The report of Alexander Dobroflot, the head of the Dobroflot Group of Companies, deserves special attention - after literally two weeks ago the masked show was paratrooped on the Vsevolod Sibirtsev ship of the company, I wanted to hear decisive theses about who was right and who was wrong. However, the fisherman bypassed the “hot topic” in his speech, explaining that any business model was different except for receiving raw materials from foreign companies at the sea (exactly what the authorities wanted, organizing a “helicopter” check with paratroopers ”- EastRussia comment), for Dobroflot Group is unprofitable without state support.
"In 2015," Dobroflot "attempted to operate the open ocean of its own production fleet. It is difficult to call it successful, since the volume of the bioresource company caught in 2015 by its own production fleet is estimated not by thousands, but only by hundreds of tons. In this case, almost all the fish caught by their own fleet was processed into a fish chute, and only a small part of it was used for making canned food, "said Alexander Efremov.
According to him, the experimental fishing produced by the company in the framework of this project is associated with very serious financial risks. For this reason, the initial importance for the project is not entirely independent activity, but the company’s cooperation with Asian fishermen who have successfully fished in the open ocean for a long time. Interacting with them, the Dobroflot vessels receive raw materials from Asian fishing vessels, after which they are deeply processed at the company's floating plants.
Speaking about state support, Alexander Efremov listed a number of "options" desirable for his company. The state, in his opinion, should provide support to the mining fleet operating at a considerable distance from the coast; Subsidize the costs of acquiring new fishing gear and search tools.
"As for the other necessary condition for its development - the resource base, there is no doubt. The industrial reserves of aquatic biological resources in the open part of the Pacific Ocean are unambiguously present, and in a quite profitable volume for development. Therefore, the only thing necessary for their development by Russian fishermen is to make considerable efforts to organize it, "concluded Alexander Efremov.
Recall, following the October meeting of the Presidium of the State Council, at which issues of the development of the fisheries complex were discussed, President Vladimir Putin gave instructions to the Government of Russia and regional authorities. The deadline for amending fisheries legislation was set before February 15. The changes were to extend the agreement on fixing the quota shares of extraction (catch) of aquatic biological resources from 10 to 15 years, allocate up to 20 percent of production quotas for investment purposes (purchase of new fishing fleet vessels built at Russian shipyards, and construction of water processing facilities biological resources), to increase the amount of quota development from 50 to 70 percent.
According to the EastRussia source in the fisheries industry of the Far East, "the critical moment for the industry is coming - all those positive expectations associated with the initiatives of the Ministry of the Interior and Plenipotentiary of Trutnev are at stake."