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Friday exclusive - EastRussia opens access to industry reviews
Another reason to wait for Friday is given by the EastRussia agency. Towards the end of the week, the portal will publish exclusive industry reviews from the East Russia newsletter.
Possession of such information can become an additional basis for a business to identify trends with the ability to navigate the market and develop a competent behavior strategy. Today we share with our readers the current industry overview of the tourism industry in the Far East, an industry that is arguably the worst hit by the COVID-19 pandemic. Is there a light at the end of the tunnel?
Tourism Industry Policy Brief
The tourism industry, due to border closures, was one of the worst hit during the pandemic. In particular, the authorities of the Primorsky Territory reported a decrease in the tourist flow in the past year by more than five times in relation to the level of 2019 (up to 970 thousand people). Nevertheless, it is planned to implement new projects in the Far Eastern regions, including those designed for domestic tourism.
A significant part of new projects in the tourism industry is focused on acquaintance with the unique natural objects and sights of the Far East. However, at the same time, difficulties and contradictions arise, which are associated with the restrictions on the active construction of tourist infrastructure imposed by environmental regimes.
Tourism projects on Sakhalin face a number of similar problems. The Tourism Agency of the Sakhalin Region objects to the plans for the creation of the Srednekurilsky federal reserve (provided for by the Ecology national project at the end of 2021) on the territory of the Kuril Islands (on Onekotan, Simushir, Ketoy, Shiashkotan), envisaged by the national program "Ecology". The department considers these plans as a constraining factor for the development of domestic and inbound tourism. It is planned to implement tourism projects on the territory of the islands, which, according to the regional authorities, will be difficult after obtaining the federal protection status (in terms of obtaining land plots and creating the necessary infrastructure).
On Onekotan, as well as on the Atlasov, Paramushir and Shumshu islands, the Sakhalin government together with Rosturizm and Rosa Khutor LLC (controlled by V. Potanin's Interros) are planning to create a new tourist cluster, Onekotan Archipelago. In particular, this year in Severo-Kurilsk (Paramushir) it is planned to build a 92-room hotel with a restaurant, a bath complex and a conference hall (currently the project documentation is being prepared). In general, until 2025, it is planned to invest 1,8 billion rubles in the project. Also, the route of the planned interregional cruise line "Primorye - Sakhalin - Kamchatka - Chukotka" should pass through the Kuriles. As a result, the regional government sent a proposal to the Ministry of Natural Resources to consider the north of Sakhalin for the creation of protected areas. The organizations Greenpeace Russia and WWF Russia, however, believe that Interros lobbies its interests in this way, given that, on the contrary, for cruise projects, nature conservation and the opportunity to visit protected areas are a priority.
Disputes also continue around the Sakhalin TOP "Mountain Air". At the end of last year, Deputy Prime Minister, Presidential Plenipotentiary Envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District Y. Trutnev criticized the actions of the leadership of the territorial administration of Rostekhnadzor in the Sakhalin Region due to the fact that it did not sign documents for the launch of the cable car on Krasnaya Mountain of the Mountain Air "(ASEZ of the same name), which was built by Doppelmayr Russia LLC at the end of 2017. Rostekhnadzor revealed a number of violations, including the lack of certificates and passports for some materials, the discrepancy between the qualifications of welders and the competence of welding specialists to the nature and type of welding work performed. After eliminating the comments, the department proceeded to conduct another inspection of the facility, and at the end of December the cable car received a positive conclusion from Rostekhnadzor. However, Yu. Trutnev pointed out that the list of requirements of the Sakhalin department of Rostekhnadzor was unreasonably expanding, forcing the involvement of the central department of the department in solving the problem. At the same time, the "Mountain Air" projects provoke protests from the local population, due to fears that large-scale construction will harm nature.
Meanwhile, the governor of the Irkutsk region I. Kobzev proposed to expand the SEZ of the tourist and recreational type "Gates of Baikal" to include the villages of Listvyanka and Bolshoye Goloustnoye, Olkhon Island, which are traditionally popular among tourists. Currently, settlements are part of the national park, which prevents construction on their territory. According to I. Kobzev, it would be more expedient for the socio-economic development of these territories to endow them with a special economic status, instead of the status of a specially protected natural area, to create a tourist infrastructure and reconstruct a road. In general, residents of the Gates of Baikal SEZ plan to commission the facilities in 2021-23. - the Sobolinaya Mountain resort, a tourist base of the Uyut company. The total planned investment is estimated at about 2,5 billion rubles.
It should be noted that in 2020 the tourist flow to specially protected natural areas of the Irkutsk region decreased by 20% compared to 2019, amounting to 137 thousand people (70% of visitors were local residents). We are talking about visiting the Pribaikalsky National Park, the Baikal-Lensky Nature Reserve, the Krasny Yar reserve and the Tofalarsky reserve.
Nevertheless, in the near future it is planned to create new specially protected natural areas in the regions, which are expected to attract the attention of tourists. So, in Kamchatka this year it is planned to create a botanical reserve on the extinct volcano Nikolka, where rare plant species grow, many of which are included in the Red Book of the Russian Federation. Also, a specially protected natural area should be re-formed on the Kamchatka lake Palanskoe - the third largest spawning ground of the Asian sockeye salmon in the region (the territory had the status of a protected area until 2010). In the Primorsky Territory in 2021, it is planned to include such natural attractions as Livadiyskaya Gora, Lozovy Ridge, Smolny Waterfalls and Yekaterinovskie Caves in the Yuzhno-Primorsky Park. Including on this territory it is planned to open ecological paths. In the north of the Trans-Baikal Territory, in the Tungiro-Olekminsky district, in 2021, the Nenyuginsky and Olekminsky reserves, which belong to the territories of traditional nature use of the Evenks, should be opened. In the Khabarovsk Territory, this year it is planned to expand the Tugursky reserve and create a new Maysky reserve - both territories are located on the banks of spawning rivers.
As for Arctic tourism, in the north of Yakutia (Bulunsky district) until 2029, it is planned to create a tourist cluster "Russian North of the Arctic". The project cost is tentatively estimated at 370 million rubles. The territory of the cluster will be occupied by the village of Tiksi, the village of Nayba and Bykovsky Cape. Let us also remind that the national program of socio-economic development of the Far East included the development of the tourism cluster "Pole of Cold" in the Oymyakon region - on the territory of the villages of Oymyakon, Tomtor and the village of Ust-Nera. The implementation of the project is calculated until 2024 (in the long term - until 2035).
Starting this year, the formation of the main tourist clusters will begin in another northern region - in the Magadan region. In total, it is planned to create eight of them by 2026 - the city of Magadan, the Kolyma highway, the water area of the Tauiskaya Bay, the Tenkinskaya highway, the Talaya sanatorium, the Magadansky reserve, the Severo-Evensky district, the Chersky national park. The anchor projects should be the ecological route "Bolshaya Kolymskaya trail", the construction of a recreation center in the Sugar Head area, the creation of a complex on the Yansky estuary and an observation deck at Cape Nyuklya.
Based on the opening of borders and the resumption of the tourist flow in large cities, it is planned to develop the hotel infrastructure, opening new facilities, including with the involvement of foreign capital. In the near future, it is planned to open new hotels. So, in the fall of 2021, it is planned to complete the construction of two hotel complexes in Vladivostok - on Korabelnaya embankment and on Cape Burny (their construction began in 2010, then the facilities were frozen, hotels were to enter the international Hyatt chain). In April 2019, the facilities were sold to Park-Hotel Buruduguz LLC, controlled by O. Deripaska (The owner is En + Tourist Infrastructure LLC, which is owned by Irkutskenergo, controlled by Eurosibenergo through IE-Aktiv). Two companies were established to manage five-star hotel complexes - LLC "Multifunctional complex" Burny "and LLC" Multifunctional hotel complex "Golden Horn". The Japanese company Okura Nikko Hotel Management Co (the hotel was named “Okura Vladivostok”) became the operator of the hotel on Korabelnaya embankment. Also, by the end of this year, it is planned to open a four-star hotel in Vladivostok (in the area of the Tool Plant ring), which will be taken over by the French Accor chain.
In the Khabarovsk Territory, in the meantime, began laying the foundation of an entertainment aquathermal complex (investor - LLC "Brosko") worth about 7 billion rubles. The project was presented to representatives of Japanese business - members of the Japan Association for Trade with Russia and Newly Independent States. The facility is expected to be commissioned in 2022. It should be noted that the region has also presented a tourist project "Let's go", which involves 20 mini-tours to the most attractive natural and historical places of the region.