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Five years of will not see

Which region of the Far East has accumulated the largest debts on wages, and which is more resolute than others with them

In early December, the head of Rostrud Vsevolod Vukolov call regions with the largest debts on wages in the country. The leaders of anti-rating were just three Far Eastern regions - Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territories, as well as the Amur Region. In general, at 1 November 2017 Russian enterprises owed 3,5 billion rubles to their employees - 3,5% more than the same period last year. EastRussia found out which companies spoil salary statistics in the Far Eastern Federal District and how regional authorities and the prosecutor's office are struggling with careless employers. 

Five years of will not see
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On According to Rosstat, on 1 December 2017, the largest amount of overdue wage arrears in Russia falls on the Primorsky Territory. Primorye employers owe their employees 473,4 million rubles - 15,3% of the total debt in all regions of the country. And it is less than the same period last year, when the debt in the Primorsky Territory reached 599,4 million rubles.

As the press service of the regional administration told EastRussia, salaries from 29 debtors in Primorye are expected by over 4 thousand people. Since the beginning of the 2017 year, only 118,6 million rubles have been repaid. The bulk of the debt falls on the company-bankrupt. According to data at 1 December, the largest debts of the Novik Industrial Group's divisions are 51 million rubles, OOO FNK Engineering Zvezda - 36,5 million rubles, 25 Central Automobile Repair Plant JSC 30,5 million rubles. OJSC Portbunker from Nakhodka owed 26,8 million rubles to its employees, ZAO Primorskaya Mining Company Vostok from Dalnegorsk - 14 million rubles. In Ussuriysk JSC Primorvzryvprom should 11,33 million rubles, and CJSC Spassky Valve Plant - 10, 9 million rubles.

The largest amount of wage arrears, not only in the Primorsky Territory, but in the entire Far Eastern Federal District, falls on OJSC “Radiopribor” from Vladivostok. As the head of the department of the General Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation in the Far Eastern Federal District Lyubov Demina told EastRussia, the situation at the enterprise is under special control of the supervisory authority. As of December 1, this organization owes its 1195 employees 398,2 million rubles. The prosecutor of the Pervomaisky district of Vladivostok made 25 submissions, announced three warnings, and achieved the initiation of administrative offenses under Part No. 6,7 tbsp. 5.27 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation (non-payment or incomplete payment of wages in due time; repeated committing of an administrative offense under Part 6 of Article 5.27 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation by a person previously subjected to administrative punishment for a similar offense). 23 officials were brought to administrative responsibility. 4951 applications for the issuance of court orders totaling 293,6 million rubles were sent to the court, all of them were satisfied. In relation to the head of JSC "Radiopribor" Kharchenko MA a criminal case was initiated under Part 2 of Art. 145.1 (complete non-payment of wages for more than two months), Art. 199 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (concealment of funds or property of an organization, at the expense of which the collection of arrears on taxes, fees, insurance premiums, on a large scale) should be made. On August 14, the prosecutor's office of the Primorsky Territory approved the indictment against the general director of OJSC "Radiopribor" for committing a crime under Part 1 of Art. 201. Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (abuse of power, use of faceperforming managerial functions in a commercial or other organization, its authority against the legitimate interests of the organization and in order to gain benefits and advantages for themselves or others or harm others, if this act entailed significant harm to the rights and legitimate interests of citizens or organizations or the legally protected interests of the community or state). On the same day, the case against Kharchenko was sent to the court for consideration on the merits, but a decision on it has not been made so far.

On average, each of the 1195 employees of OJSC “Radiopribor” has 333 thousand rubles of unearned earnings. Therefore, the administration of the Primorsky Territory allocated 178 million rubles from the regional budget for partial repayment of the debt. By the end of the year, it is planned to pay off the company's debts in full. In addition, over 300 former employees of the company were employed at the production complex of Dubna Machine Building Plant OJSC. Now he works on the basis of his bankrupt predecessor and is fulfilling the state defense order, which was received by the enterprise on behalf of the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Government Dmitry Rogozin.

According to Lyubov Demina, thanks to the intervention of the supervisory authorities, it was possible to normalize the situation at several seaside enterprises. So, the association "Hockey Club" Admiral "paid debts on wages in the amount of 132,5 million rubles, LLC Dalenergoremont - 44,5 million rubles, PJSC" Nakhodka Shipyard "- 80 million rubles. 

Enterprises of the Khabarovsk Territory as of December 1 2017 did not pay their employees 261,9 million rubles - 8,5% of the total amount of debts in all regions of the country. And the amount of debt in the region is not decreasing, but growing - according to data for the same period last year it was 183,6 million rubles.

As the EastRussia correspondent was told in the press service of the regional administration, almost all enterprises that delay the payment of wages are from the construction industry. In total, 3261 people are expected to receive overdue salaries in the Khabarovsk Territory. The largest number of debtor enterprises in the capital of the region - Khabarovsk, which accounts for 248,3 million rubles of the total amount - are JSC "KhRSK", JSC "Dalmoststroy" and FSUE US-27 of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia. Another 13,4 million rubles were owed by the companies from Komsomolsk-on-Amur - OJSC “Amur-port” and MUP “Patp No. 1”.

The first place in terms of debt in the region and the second in the entire Far Eastern Federal District is Khabarovsk FSUE "The Main Military Department of Construction No. 6". According to data at 1 December, it owes its employees 163,88 million rubles. Some of the employees of FSUE "GVUS №6" are involved in the construction of the objects of the spaceport "Vostochny". According to the head of the Office of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation in the Far Eastern Federal District, Lyubov Demina, since the beginning of the year the prosecutor of the cosmodrome introduced 40 representations on the elimination of violations of labor legislation, disciplinary liability and administrative responsibility under part 6 Art. 27 COAP RF attracted 3 officials. The court sent 8174 applications for the issuance of court orders for a total of 241,626 million rubles. 8106 of them for the amount of 247,966 million rubles are satisfied, are on the execution of bailiffs. The remaining statements are pending. Now VSO in the Khabarovsk garrison of the SC of the Russian Federation for the Eastern Military District (VVO) conducts a pre-investigation check on item 2 part 2 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation. As a result of all these actions, prosecutors succeeded in securing the repayment of debts to 5486 employees of the enterprise working on the construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome for a total of 734 million rubles. Now the military prosecutor of the VVO has sent 21 material to resolve the issue of bringing officials of the enterprise to administrative responsibility.

Thanks to the intervention of the prosecutor's office, Khabarovsk Shipyard JSC paid off its debts in the amount of 13,8 million rubles. In addition, it was possible to fully repay the debt exceeding 9 million rubles to the employees of the communal enterprise LLC Bam Service. The prosecutor of the Verkhnebureinsky district of the Khabarovsk Territory filed against the acting. the head of the enterprise is under part 7 of Art. 5.27 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation (non-payment or incomplete payment of wages in due time by a person previously subjected to administrative punishment for a similar offense). A resolution was issued on bringing to administrative responsibility under Part 6 of Art. 5.27 of the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation (incomplete payment of wages on time). After that, the wage arrears were paid off.

Strongly resolutely struggling with debts on wages and SU IC RF in the Khabarovsk Territory. So, 5 December Deputy Head of the Investigation Department of the Investigative Committee for the Khabarovsk Territory Ilya Solovy He pledged imprison those who save wage arrears. And that day was detained and sent to the SIZO head of OOO PromStroy, suspected of committing a crime under part 3 art. 145.1 CC RF (non-payment of wages). 53 employee of the enterprise performed installation work on the objects located in the territory of the Kamchatka Territory, but they were not paid the earned 625 thousand rubles. Now the question of initiating a criminal case against the director of OOO PromStroy is being decided. As the press service of the Khabarovsk Territory reported, for 11 months 2017 year in the region already instituted 53 criminal cases under art. 145.1 CC RF on the facts of non-payment of wages. The courts considered 19 criminal cases, sentences were imposed in the form of fines totaling 1,2 million rubles.

On According to Rosstat, total as of December 1 in the Far Eastern Federal District there were 43 companies that did not pay wages on time. The total amount of overdue debts was 851,937 million rubles. This is less than for the same period last year, when as of December 1 52 enterprises DFO owed employees 1124,6 million rubles.

The amount of debt in the Amur region decreased from 205,1 to 42,5 million rubles, in the Kamchatka region - from 36,3 to 16,7 million rubles, in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) - from 60,2 to 26,3 million rubles. The largest decline was recorded in the Magadan region, where debts were reduced from 11,8 million to 800 thousand rubles, and the Jewish Autonomous Region, where a decrease from 1,3 million rubles to 28 thousand rubles was recorded. However, in addition to the Khabarovsk Territory, there is another region where the trend is reversed - in the Sakhalin Region the debt has grown from 26,9 to 30,4 million rubles. And the only region in which wage arrears are absent altogether is the Chukotka Autonomous Region.

As Lyubov Demin told EastRussia, as of 1 December 2017, the supervisory authority revealed 153 enterprises in all regions of the Far Eastern Federal District, the amount of which was 637,72 million rubles. More than half of the debt, 336 million rubles, fell to 78 organizations in various stages of bankruptcy. And taking into account the enterprises - correspondents of statistical reporting on the territory of the Far Eastern Federal District, there are 196 enterprises that do not issue wages in a timely manner for the total amount of 1489,7 million rubles. At the same time 1137,9 million rubles are accounted for by 104 organizations, which are in various stages of bankruptcy.

According to the head of Rostrud Vsevolod Vukolov, a quarter of the debts throughout the country are accounted for by bankrupt enterprises, "therefore, it is necessary to actively use the mechanism envisaged by the legislation to attract the owner to subsidiary responsibility, and to attract unfair arbitration managers to criminal liability."

The experience of supervisory authorities in the FEFD proves that the intervention of the prosecutor's office is quite an effective tool. As already mentioned, prosecutors managed to get from a number of the largest debtor enterprises to fulfill their wage obligations. In general, the amount of wages paid due to the intervention of the supervisory authority amounted to 4,4 billion rubles. For example, in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), JSC Construction Management-888 repaid the debt in the amount of 15,4 million rubles, OJSC Sakhaplemoobedinenie - 8,8 million rubles, OJSC Yakutskgeodeziya - 33,9 million rubles. In the Kamchatka region, OOO Center paid off 4,2 million rubles of debt to employees. In the Amur region, JSC Bureyagstroy paid 90 million rubles, in the Magadan region Olainterkom JSC - 89,7 million rubles.

In total, as of December 1, RF prosecutors in the Far Eastern Federal District introduced 2964 submissions to eliminate violations of labor legislation, 1496 officials were brought to disciplinary responsibility, 384 officials were warned about the inadmissibility of violation of the law. 1901 official was brought to administrative responsibility. Based on the materials of the prosecutor's checks, 60 criminal cases were initiated under Item 2 part 2 Art. 37 CCP RF, more 8 materials are currently under consideration. For example, in the Amur region, in Blagoveshchensk 9 October, a deliberate fictitious bankruptcy initiated a criminal case under art. 196 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation in relation to the head of Bureyagesstroy JSC.

And yet, to achieve compliance with labor legislation is not yet fully possible. Therefore, the Prosecutor General's Office for the FEFD calls upon employees of Far Eastern enterprises to inform the supervisory authority in a timely manner about any wage delays. After all, if the employer delays part of the salary for more than three months or the full amount - more than two months, he will face criminal liability. A dishonest leader can lose his freedom for up to 5 years.
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