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How in the fishing collective farm in Kamchatka create modern processing industry
A few days ago, the legislative assembly of Kamchatka, for the first time in the history of the region, conferred the title of honorary citizen of the province to a representative of the fishing industry. A new honorary citizen of Kamchatka was Sergei Tarusov, chairman of the Lenin collective farm.
The Lenin collective farm turns 90 next year (it was founded in 1929 - then three fishing artels were formed on the shores of Avacha Bay, and the order-bearer collective farm began with them). Its chairman has 34 years of experience in the industry. Sergei Tarusov, who graduated from the Higher Naval Engineering School, managed to work as an assistant to the captain, and as a captain-director, and deputy director for the fleet of the Lenin collective farm. And since 2009, he himself has headed the collective farm. But, despite the solid track records, it is never too late to change and update, it is not too late for anyone or anything. Most recently, the Lenin fishing collective farm became a resident of the Kamchatka ASEZ (established in 2015; residents - 22 companies with private investments of 13,2 billion rubles).
- In "Kamchatka", we entered 2016 with a project for the reconstruction and construction of two coastal factories. One in the east of Kamchatka, the second on the west coast, in the village of Oktyabrsky. It will be modern and high-performance enterprises - such now is not present not only in Kamchatka, but in general in the Far East, - says Sergey Tarusov. - We invested and invest another 4,5 billion rubles in the project. Now all the work we have is completely on the agreed schedule. By 2020 year, everything will work for us. What impact do we expect from the project? At the moment I can say this: I am confident that this will be a modern highly profitable production.
The Lenin Fishing Collective Farm became a resident of the TOP, being not only not a beginner, but also one of the industry leaders. This is a completely independent, one might say - self-sufficient enterprise, provided with all segments related to the production of fish products. 24 vessels, which belonged to the collective farm even before entering the TOP, were catching and harvesting pollock, cod, herring, flounder, squid in the fishing zones of the Bering and Okhotsk Seas. By the way, the collective farm is the only enterprise in Kamchatka that catches saury. Dozens of types of products are produced from biological resources at the processing facilities of the collective farm, which go both to the domestic market and for export. It also has its own refrigeration facilities (up to 3000 tons of storage); and two floating bases produce a total of up to 230 tons of frozen fish per day.
The kolkhoz products are recognized both at the Russian and international levels. In particular, she was awarded several times with the Golden International Prize "For Quality" (Madrid, Paris), the Grand Prix prize and number certificate, the Gold Prize for Technology and Quality (Frankfurt), in Russia - the gold prize "Crystal Nika ", a special prize" Golden Standard "(2001 year) and others.
But that's the point, in time to understand: it's time to change, to abandon the already developed options and move on to new ones.
So, in the fishing collective farm they decided to abandon the already time-tested production of semi-finished products, the release of which went directly to the sea, and concentrate on the production of finished products.
- From semi-finished products we will gradually leave at all, - says Sergey Tarusov. - A finished product will produce more 150 titles. You can not list everything - it's canned food, preserves, sunflower, smoked fish, salted fish, fish oil and glue, and fish meal - all you can imagine. We are planning to sell our products mainly to the Russian market. We will sell it through Vladivostok and Moscow. For export, some part will also go, but relatively small. Under the production of new products, we will open additional 300 jobs - primarily for local, for residents of Kamchatka.
In 2017, the government of the Russian Federation adopted a resolution, and then by-laws on the distribution of so-called investment quotas - measures of state support for the renewal of the fishing fleet and development of fish processing. So, the collective farm named after Lenin, you can say, was ahead of the adoption of these documents. Without waiting for them to take effect, even at the beginning of 2016, Tarusov, on his own initiative, "struck" the construction of the Baltic Yantar Shipyard, the construction of three ships specially for the collective farm. Actually, he notes, a significant part of the investment in the project is, first of all, investments in the construction of ships. (After signing the contract, this project, of course, became the main and main contender for investment quotas).
The contract for the construction of three trawler-seiners, which was concluded between the Yantar and the Rybolovets collective farm named after Lenin in January of the year 2016, was the first contract of this kind for the last 20 years. For all this time Kaliningrad shipbuilders never issued such ships for domestic customers.
Trawlers are designed for catching with the so-called purse seine, bottom and pelagic trawl and snurrevod. For one trawling, the vessel is capable of catching up to 300 tons of fish. Moreover, it is designed and equipped in such a way that the catch can be stored in special tanks with chilled sea water, and for a long time.
- The raw material on such vessels can be stored for up to a week without changing its quality, that is, on the shore processing, absolutely fresh fish are delivered, in fact, from any fishing area of the Far East. There are no more ships like these trawlers in Russia. And our vessels were designed in Norway, - says Sergey Tarusov.
The first trawler, Leninets, built by order of Kamchatka fishermen, was launched in November 2017 The second ship of the SK-3101R project, Komandor, was launched in March this year. And the third, "Drummer" - on June 16.
Now all three vessels are equipped with the necessary equipment, and then they will go to Kamchatka. Under the terms of the agreement, this should happen before the end of this year. The fishing collective farm named after Lenin took over the preparation of specialists for work on trawler-seiners.
Sergei Tarusov says: there are not waiting for the vessels on the collective farm of the parish - the work after this will go on a fundamentally new level.
But there is no doubt that the collective farm with almost a century of history and its "captain" with solid experience is still waiting for a lot of new things.