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EastRussia visited the 5th International Forum RASIA.COM
At the 5th International Innovation Forum RASIA.COM in Moscow, we discussed how to create in the Far East a competitive industry in the world market of the future.
The duration of the panel discussion "New East", organized with the participation of the Far East Development Fund and the Ministry for the Development of the Far East, was comparable to the president's direct line. For almost four hours, Russian and foreign experts discussed the necessary tools for state support to investors in the region and shared success stories.
Moderator of the discussion, General Director of the Development Fund for the Far East Alexey Chekunkov said that Asia occupies 30% of the planet’s land. At the same time, almost 30% of the mainland falls on the Asian part of Russia, where only 0,5% of the population of all Asia lives. If until now the economic growth driver of Asian countries was the numerous labor resources, now in the new technological era, competitiveness is determined not by the quantity of labor resources, but by their quality. And this factor will allow to master the Russian “Asian Desert”.
The participants of the discussion were, as Chekunkov put it, “pioneers”, “whose task is to light new lights, create a new economy, a new production, create new cities where there will be new technologies”, - people who should make the Asian part of Russia more similar to that of Asia , which we see in the glossy pictures.
The rapid growth of the economy in the Far East can be achieved with the help of advanced development territories (TOR), said Ivan Tonkikh, director of the department for attracting direct investments, supporting exports and foreign economic activity of the Ministry of Eastern and Eastern Development.
"In addition to tax benefits, simplified customs regime, entrepreneurs in the Far East are guaranteed protection of the state. As soon as the companies become residents of the territories of advanced social and economic development (TOP), the supervisory authorities can check them only in agreement with the Ministry of Regional Development, "Tonkikh said.
The representative of the Minsk region also said that "last week in the first reading the draft law on the free port of Vladivostok was adopted by the State Duma." "According to this document, a free economic zone will be created in the territory of thirteen municipalities in the territory of thirteen municipalities, which includes ports, airports, border crossings, tax privileges, simplified visa regime and other preferences. This will create a huge logistics hub, increase the turnover of goods, resources, finance, human capital, "he explained.
Then, the "pioneers" - entrepreneurs already implementing projects for the creation of new industries, including within the pilot areas of advanced socio-economic development (TOSER), talked about their experiences and prospects.
The CEO of TekhnoNIKOL Corporation, Vladimir Markov, said that his company has been in the market for more than 20 years - now it is already an international corporation with 40 plants, 20 of which are outside Russia. The consolidated turnover of the company's funds for 2014 a year amounted to 69 billion rubles. The share of the Far East in the company's turnover is approximately 7%. The company participated in large-scale construction projects in Vladivostok and at the Cosmodrome. It directs its products not only to the European market, but also to the markets of America and even New Zealand.
"Very good sales to India, the second year we are active in the direction of China. This is due to the fact that in Russia we occupy leading positions in thermal insulation and insulation materials, therefore, we are a bit cramped here, and our emphasis is on developing distant markets. Although the competition there is high, but with our technologies we feel the potential to occupy a significant share there. For reference: in the market of thermal insulation materials in Finland we occupy 35%, "Markov said.
In the Far East, TechnoNIKOL has been operating since 1996, now the company has a production site in Khabarovsk. However, together with great prospects for growth, there are also problems, the main one of them is "in one person for one square. kilometer".
"This suggests that for the production of building materials the problem of transport connectivity is critical," he said. - If we are talking about deliveries to Kamchatka or Sakhalin, then 2 \ 3 prices may be transport costs. And we joke that in Kamchatka they sell logistics, not materials. "
According to Markov, in the Far East, one should work with logistics and "get - with the help of the state, without the help of the state - normal transport tariffs, because with this now in Russia there is a bit of a problem".
Another topic faced by producers is the limited market due to the small population density.
“The entire heat insulation market of the Far East 40-50 thousand tons per year, and the modern line for the production of thermal insulation materials is 80 thousand tons per year, so the payback period of the project will be very long. To load this car, a lot of time has to pass, and now it’s doubly a problem in a crisis, ”the businessman stated. According to him, in order to load normally it becomes very important to export and export the goods, first of all, to China, where “the heat insulation market is the same, and the roof market is 6 more times”. “We are already supplying,” Markov said.
According to Markov, for the development of business in the Far East, the state needs support in terms of simplifying export procedures, procedures for returning VAT, and granting tax incentives.
Business with comfort
The project, focused not on export, but on the domestic high-tech market, was introduced by Olga Prokofyeva, member of the board of directors of Energia Group of Companies (GC Energia is an anchor investor in the territory of advanced development in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, where it will build a plant for the production of components for the Sukhoi Superjet 100 airplane.). According to her, all conditions for import substitution have been created in Russia - "in this sense, the territory of Siberia and the Far East is ideal", but a number of barriers prevent the realization of the potential in practice.
"Limited access to credit resources and credit resources that do not help businesses that do not focus on the same economic development. This is too expensive money, "said Prokofieva.
In addition, according to her, state-owned companies should reconsider relations with potential service providers. For small and medium businesses there are plenty of opportunities for developing relations with state-owned companies - for example, in the energy sector. However, this market is closed for it, including due to the volatility of work, and also because they do not want to give orders for outsourcing.
“In our example, I can say that it took us almost a year and a half to have very close contact with the Sukhoi company to build a single technological project. And only a week ago we reached an agreement on cost price and an agreement on the price of the products that we will supply to Sukhoi. This was the key that allowed us to open the doors to the production stage, ”shared Prokofieva.
And an important factor for the development of the Far Eastern Territory is the creation of a comfortable living environment in the Far East. "Human capital is the key resource to attract investors to work in this or that region," the business lady is sure. "Modern business seeks not only to build a factory and fix profits, but also tries to create a new space for development, a comfortable life."
Director General, founder of the Mobilium International Group, leader of the working group of experts on working with the Singapore Smart Nation program, Ralph Simon, continuing the theme of human capital development, spoke about the Program and called for the creation of its Singapore analogue in Russia. He asked the Director General of the Far Eastern Development Fund that he could attract foreign investors to Russia.
“The Far East is a huge storehouse of diverse natural resources. With technological development, the consumption of physical resources is growing. Previously, people did not carry half a kilo of rare-earth metals, various plastics and composites with them. Therefore, the Far East will remain and develop as a source of natural resources and their processing. The second is logistics. We can really offer interesting logistic solutions for the Northeast of China, for Japan and even for Korea, where the problem of the availability of free land is acute. And third, this is tourism: there are not so many virgin, untouched places, beautiful, with a different culture, different traditions, especially in such proximity to a billion people - within a radius of 400 km, ”Alexey Chekunkov told about the three“ pillars ”, which will form the basis of numerous opportunities for foreign investors.
And what about in practice? As Chekunkov of EastRussia explained, we still need to do “homework”, since we have many projects in the Far East in a low state of readiness, some in general are being worked out in the form of investment ideas and projects. “A certain enthusiast from the Far East sent me a project to invest a billion rubles in honey production three times. I have nothing against it, but we need not dreamers, but strong businesses: TechnoNICOL 20 has been working and expanding for years, building new production facilities. And foreign companies: “JGС Evergreen”, which comes into Avangard, she understands her market. That is, we need locomotives with high quality, ”he said.
“The competition is global today. There is a lot of money, they are ready for a fairly low profitability, but investors hate losing money. It is necessary to give investment opportunities that will attract them, which is why the Torah is so important, the Free Port of Vladivostok is so important - these are features, this is an exclusive that we can offer them today. And we, as a Fund, of course, want to act as a catalyst for this work, as a catalyst for these investments - we understand that financial opportunities are limited, but act as a partner in minority packages. And luring foreign investors into projects, we try to single out such initiators, who we are not ashamed to bring. Like a marriage agency. We need to cling to the leaders that exist. TOR alone is not enough, one Fund, we need entrepreneurs who would rather become multimillionaires and billionaires. They will work, ”explained Chekunkov EastRussia.
Chekunkov also expressed confidence that the Foundation will fulfill the task set by Yury Trutnev before the end of the year (Deputy Prime Minister, Permanent Representative to the Far Eastern Federal District - author's comment) and invest at least half of their funds by the end of the year (7,5 billion rubles). “The most complete projects in the development are the construction of the Khabarovsk airport terminal, the construction of the famous, I would say, Amur railway bridge overpass: Nizhneleninskoe-Tuntstsyan. He is long-suffering, he is objectively very complex. Unfortunately, he went to our colleagues in this already neglected state. We as a foundation - I would like to make such a real emphasis, we do not work for the shaft. If it turns out that projects need to be prepared and existing ones are not responsible for the profile and risks that we present in the projects, and the state money will be put at undue risk, we will not do the project. That is, we would rather not carry out the task of sums, rather than climb into something dangerous. Nevertheless, I expect that from the existing portfolio of projects we will have enough quality developed investment opportunities, of which we will invest half of the year, ”he clarified to the publication.
The island of “Smart Nation” in the Far East is the Avangard industrial park (included in the Khabarovsk TRA being created). Its executive director, Denis Gros, shared that the idea of a technopark was born in 2011, when Maxim Shereykin, deputy governor of Kaluga region, gave a presentation at the Moscow School of Management Skolkovo (Now the Deputy Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East - author's note).
"Talking about the experience of the development of industrial parks in the Kaluga region, he gave me a clear answer to the paradox - that the" chicken or egg "appeared earlier in the part of the" investor or investor platform "approach. In Russia, it happens that way - let the investor come, and we quickly (this quickly can be stretched for a couple of years) find a land for him, we will bring networks - and everyone will be happy. Maxim gave a clear answer that first there should be a playground. Yes, it's risky, yes, nothing can happen, but if you do not try, then nothing will happen - for sure, "- recalls Gros.
Encouraged by the experience of the Kaluga region, in 2013, when an opportunity and a relatively small plot of land in 50 ha in the Khabarovsk borders appeared, it was decided to make a private industrial park.
"To prepare the site, it was necessary to create an infrastructure. What did we face, considering the experience of similar projects? With the fact that the industrial park needs roads and natural gas. All the rest can be obtained on the spot, - Groes said, adding that the gas still had to be built.
He noted that "to date, 40% of the technopark" Avangard "is already distributed among residents. These are operating companies for the production of electrical equipment, building materials, container terminal.
"Our anchor, of course, a resident and, according to idea and area - the project of a greenhouse complex, a fifth generation greenhouse that is being implemented jointly by a Russian-Japanese company," he said. "JGC Evergreen" and the bank of Hokkaido belong to 87% stake - they went to the site and plan to implement the first stage of construction by the end of the year.
Gros told how he sees the future of the Avangard Technopark. He explained that in the Asia-Pacific region there are technology parks that are oriented both to the domestic market and to export. “Placing international parks focused on domestic consumption does not make much sense in the Far East, and it is very interesting to create parks oriented to export potential. The shell that the Ministry of Eastern Development is offering today is, in my opinion, the ideal administrative shell for implementing such projects, ”the expert said.
There is such an exchange term - a trend reversal, which is necessary to get the most effect. "We are at a turning point, when the Russian Far East can become a territory for real development," he added.
Another success story "from scratch" was shared by Peter Gabishev - one of the founders of the industrial park "Yakutia". "We conducted a survey among research institutes, our universities. They determined the circle of residents. At first there were about fifteen. We bought a production base for small money, "he said. Now in the technopark 79 resident companies working in the areas of: IT, biotechnology, construction, transportation and new materials. The next stage is the creation of the second industrial park "Kangalassy" in the format of TOP.
The theme of the development of the Far East in an even broader format will be continued at the first Eastern Economic Forum, which will be held 3-5 September in Vladivostok.