Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
Yakutsk

Birobidzhan
Vladivostok
Khabarovsk

Magadan
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Anadyr
Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
Moscow

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Projects in different positions

The largest held and unrealized agreements signed at WEF-2015

The Eastern Economic Forum was held in Vladivostok for the third time in September 2017. Two years ago, on the same site, the event was held for the first time. For 2015 and 2016 years at the forum were signed agreements for a total amount of 3,15 trillion rubles. However, not all projects that were signed in 2015 year were realized at the moment. Company executives and experts told EastRussia why some projects are working successfully, while others have not moved.

Projects in different positions
Photo: TASS Bank of Russia
GOLF CLUB, "STAR" AND SUGAR FACTORY
The construction of a golf club on Russky Island in Vladivostok was announced by representatives of the Japanese company "Primorye FV" at the first VEF-2015. The appearance of this object could become an attractive factor not only for tourists from the countries of South-East Asia, where this type of recreation and sport is cultivated, but also for business. "First of all, we are interested in the development of tourist and recreational areas on Russky Island, especially if the Russian government approves the creation of the" Russian Island "TOR. We plan to build a golf resort, which in wintertime can be used as a ski base. long-term cooperation, "Toshio Tsunozaki, the company's CEO, said two years ago.

The plans of Japanese investors remained as such. However, in June of this year, the president of the South Korean company LS Networks Co. Ltd. " Sung Joon Moon, during a meeting with Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation - Plenipotentiary of the President of the Russian Federation in the Far Eastern Federal District, Yuri Trutnev, expressed his willingness to build a modern golf club with hotel infrastructure in the Primorsky Territory, and Mr. Trutnev advised paying attention to the Russian Island. 

The Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East says that the Korean company has already entered into a binding agreement, for the investor "a plot of land has been selected, its registration is underway." The Department of Tourism of Primorye, however, told EastRussia that the department "does not have documentation confirming construction plans." "After EEF 2015, both Russky Island and other tourist centers in Primorye were offered as a potential territory for the construction of a golf club. But by November of this year, there is no progress with the implementation of plans," the department said.
 
Associate Professor of the Department of Economics of Transbaikal State University Elena Pronskaya believes that the project is doomed to implementation, it is only a matter of time.
 
- This project is too attractive and very possible, - comments Elena Pronska. - In my opinion, the implementation is postponed due to the financial instability that prevails in the world market over the past couple of years. In 2015, when they talked about the possibility of erecting a site, there was a slightly different situation with money. However, since June 2015, market sentiment has changed, which led to corrective movements. And everything was shaken, not only this idea was postponed indefinitely. If the construction had been started yet, the conversation would have been different, but starting from scratch is different money. Investors (especially foreign ones) are reinsurers. They think through the risks to the maximum. Especially Asians - this is a very scrupulous people.
 
Another project, which experts say is "conditionally unsuccessful," is the shipyard "Zvezda" in Bolshoy Kamen (Primorsky Krai). In the fall of 2017, Zvezda reached an agreement on concluding the first large-scale order worth 5 billion rubles. Rosmorport and Rosneft, which are building a "star" in Primorye, signed an agreement to build a shallow-draft icebreaker with an option for three vessels.
 
This order was to be the first external for the shipyard, its total cost was estimated at 149 billion rubles. But so far the shipyard is processing only orders of Rosneft, and these are four supply vessels and five tankers. In the plans of "Stars" the construction of the icebreaker "Leader" is a super-powerful vessel. But the source of funding has not yet been found.
 
- If the "Star" will receive investors for this project, it will be its "gold dwelling". Baltzavod today has problems with the timing of the delivery of the nuclear icebreaker "Arctic". Against this background, the intention of the "Star" to take on the "Leader" is commendable and very reasonable, "says Lev Mashnin, a veteran of the Khabarovsk shipbuilding plant, an expert in construction and repair of small vessels. "But there are problems with the personnel at the shipyard, and experts of the right qualification are needed to put the electrical part, the power unit, weld and bend the metal." Unless to resort to the help of contractors, but it's expensive. How the company's management will act in this situation is known only to them, but I think they will not miss the opportunity to get large investors and come out of the situation with a plus.
 
The sugar factory in Sovetskaya Gavan in the Khabarovsk Territory was another large-scale project of VEF-2015. The investor Sutech Engineering (Thailand) in August 2016 registered in Khabarovsk a new legal entity - OOO Far Eastern Sugar and Derivatives Plant. The calculation was for preferential treatment, which was given by the port special economic zone "Sovetskaya Gavan". However, the decision of the federal government PSEZ was liquidated - as insolvent.
 
Despite the incorporation of Sovetskaya Gavan into the structure of the Free Port of Vanino, the project has not yet been launched.
 
- The media posted information about the amount of funds required to implement the idea: about 9 billion rubles. Thai businessmen and Indonesian were ready to invest in the construction. The construction of a powerful new CHP in the district center was a factor favoring the start of construction. However, the plan remained so. This can only be explained by the precarious positions of the foreign exchange market. In addition, with the site on which the company will be built, local authorities have not decided. And foreign partners invest in specific projects, and when there is a thought, but there is no clear plan and guarantees, this is a risky undertaking, says Ivan Rubansky, an economist and analyst at financial markets.
 
 
NATALKINSKAYA DEPOSIT, PIG COMPLEX AND AMURSKY GAZ
The Magadan Region at VEF-2015 announced the development of the Natalka deposit. With a lucky combination of circumstances, the GOK may be among the five largest gold mining companies in the world. Realizing these opportunities of the field, PJSC "Polyus" Saida Kerimova started gold mining in the Magadan region. However, without problems, it does not do. License for the field "Polyus" went back 14 years ago, to 2010, it was planned to run the work at full capacity. But this did not happen - Natalka's status dropped to 2015 after Polyus analyzed the reserves estimates that were given back in the Soviet years - they were significantly overestimated. The audit showed that the gold content in the ore fell from 2,1 to 1, 6 g / t - twice.
 
- Two years ago, the union of gold producers predicted that the Natalka deposit would increase gold production in the country by 2-25% - to 270 tons. Aspiring to enter the top five gold mining countries in the world, Polyus is now in second place in reserves and the third in gold resources - there are all chances to lead Natalka into world leaders and take a firm position in the world of gold miners, - says economist Elena Pronskaya.
 
After the signing of the contract at the first Eastern Economic Forum, TD “Mikhailovskoye” launched a pig farm in the Spassky district of Primorye. The premises are designed for 83 thousands of heads per year.
 
- The complex currently contains pigs and boars of the "Large White / Landras" breed. The weight of each animal is from 50 to 100 kilograms, the age is up to seven months. Piglets live in a separate pig complex, - the company's management reports.
 
The main project of the company "Mercy Trade" involves the work of more than one, and at once seven pig farms, with productivity of up to 540 thousand heads per year.
 
- The program for the construction of all seven pig farms was designed up to 2018 year. Apart from them, the program included meat processing plants, a new grain storage elevator and a feed mill. The total cost of the project is estimated at 20,3 billion rubles, the company said.
 
According to expert in the field of economics of Elena Pronska, the hogging of the pig complex is largely due to the fact that the anchor investor of Mikhailovskiy independently produces fodder based on soy and corn.
 
- When investors who invest in livestock, themselves are producers of food for livestock - it is almost a guaranteed success for the enterprise. Saving money on the stern is enormous. In addition, even experiencing short-term difficulties with financing, the enterprise can take food for animals on credit, on a net basis, on certain arrangements. This is a huge help that contributes to development, - says economist Elena Pronska. - The investor himself grows the same corn (they sow in 3 thousand hectares of this crop, and soybeans - even more). These are the main feed units, and besides them they sow wheat, grow sunflower seeds. Pigs get good food, in abundance. This has a positive effect on the quality of meat, which adds benefits to the competitiveness of the enterprise.
 
It can be said that the headline at VEF-2015 was the project of the Amur gas processing plant. Experts called the enterprise “of the century”. Gas processing plant may become the largest in the state and the second in the world.
 
The company's launch began in 2016 near the town of Svobodny in the Amur Region. In 2017 the president of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin visited the basement. By 2021, it is planned to launch Amursky in full force, and to 2025, all commissioning work will be completed.
 
- The most popular product that will produce the plant, will be helium, - commented East Russia Nina Shalevich, Ph.D., chemist, biologist. - It is an easy, non-toxic gas, non-explosive. It is widely used in medicine: magnetic resonance imaging devices do not do without it, helium is used in cryogenic technologies, in the entertainment industry - they fill balloons.
 
In addition to helium, the Amur GPP will allocate and sell propane, pentane-hexane fractions, butane and ethane.
 
The general contractor for today is Siburovsky NIPIGAZ, and the equipment for the plant is supplied by the German company Linde, also an Italian company and Chinese partners take part in the construction.
 
- The idea of ​​the Amur GPP has the right to implement, but there are concerns about the economy of the enterprise. Revenues from sales depend on the Amur Gas Chemical Complex, and its implementation is a big question. The Amur gas processing plant will produce helium, but the amount that is planned for its release is very large, it is difficult to sell gas at the price that the plant assumes. While the plant has powerful investors and interested support from the state, it will be built, but in the future there are real concerns for the development of the complex and its success, ”says economist Elena Pronskaya.
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