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"Primorye-2" rests on the Trinity
The correspondent of EastRussia was supposed to visit the Sea Port in the Trinity Bay - the final point of the planned International Transport Corridor "Primorye-2". But not grown together - prevented typhoon
On the eve of the opening of the II East Economic Forum in Vladivostok, the managers of the Sea Port in the Troitsa Bay invited the journalists to visit the only port operating in Zarubino, which is the southernmost port of the Russian Far East, as well as the starting point for the creation of the international transport corridor Primorye- 2 ", whose potential, according to experts, in the coming years may amount to more than 38 million tons of goods annually.
About the port in Zarubino we cannot say: “God forgotten”. This modest port, even according to local indicators of cargo operations, is widely known not only in Primorye: it has been known and has been talked about for a long time, arguing and discussing its growth possibilities not only Russian, but also foreign specialists in China, Korea, Japan ... Interest in investors and shippers are also showing the port: the business community of the APR countries is ready to work through this southernmost port of Russia in the East. It is ready not theoretically, but also in practice, expecting, however, a clearly structured development plan not only for the port itself, but for all those powerful legislative initiatives being implemented today in the Far East of Russia.
Unfortunately, on a trip to the port of Trinity, whose leadership invited us to a sightseeing tour, Typhoon Layrok swept over Primorje, but all the same, the meeting with his representatives, which took place in Vladivostok, was no less fascinating. Well, we'll see the port itself.
Vyacheslav Burin, General Director of IPBT, spoke about the port’s operation, the port infrastructure available today, and shared its plans for further development, modernization of production terminals, prospects for expanding the range of cargoes and the concept of integrated development as one of the main components of the Primorye-2 project.
The sea port in the Trinity Bay is located in the very south of Primorsky Krai, 210 km from Vladivostok, at the junction of the borders of three states: Russia, China and North Korea. By the way, the border regime operates here, so you will not come to Zarubino as an ordinary “tourist”. By water, the port is separated from the state border by literally several dozen nautical miles. By land, 70 is just kilometers from the automobile (Kraskino) and railway (Makhalino) crossings to China. Even less is the distance to the Hasan – Rajin railway border crossing with North Korea.
The combination of coastal topography, bottom relief, soil and convenient geographical location of Trinity Bay serves as a good anchorage for vessels of different tonnage and a place of refuge for ships in stormy weather, available for vessels with large rainfall at any time of year. The port provides the safe parking of vessels at moorings and natural protection of a considerable coastal strip against sea waves and winds without construction of expensive hydraulic engineering constructions.
Navigation in the seaport is carried out year-round without icebreaking. The seaport accepts vessels up to 172 meters in length and up to 8 meters in draft.
The berth line of the sea terminal consists of 4 berths with a length of 650 meters and depths from 7,5 to 8 meters, with a design cargo turnover of 1,2 mln. Tons. The maximum dimensions of the vessels processed at the sea terminal are: 172,10 x 23,04 x 8,00 meters. At the berths of the terminal, cargo is transshipped, including dangerous goods (except for oil and oil products).
The port is connected to the port railway station Sukhanovka with its own railway branch and independently, with its locomotive, carries out maintenance and supply and cleaning of the train on the stretch from the port to the station.
On 22 hectares of the port area, there are areas for storage and processing of general cargo, a container platform for processing 20 and 40 foot containers, platforms for processing scrap metal, timber cargo, a transshipment complex, platforms for transshipment of heavy equipment with its subsequent shipment to railway platforms and shipped to regions of Russia and the CIS. Closed cargo warehouses with a total area of 1,7 Ha.
In 2012, LLC Sea Port in Trinity Bay completed the reconstruction of the refrigeration complex with a temperature regime of -25ºС, allowing to take 12 thousand tons of fish products for a one-time storage. Today it is the only refrigerating complex in Primorye, operating on freon.
For many years, LLC MPBT is the sole operator of port facilities in Trinity Bay and provides a universal transshipment complex, the scope of activities of which includes transshipment of goods of a wide range, including hazardous ones. Currently, the port is actively transshiping lumber, aluminum (packaged cargo), as well as fish products (in the total structure of the port's turnover, it is approximately 30% of the total). Part of the frozen products goes by road through the Kraskinsky international road transport to China, most of which is sent by rail to the western regions of the country. By the end of the year, according to the IBPT plans, about 60 thousand tons of fish products will be overloaded, more than half of which will go to the domestic market.
Prospects for the port and they are, according to the port authorities, very, very real. Already today, a whole series of agreements of intent have been signed with suppliers from the PRC, Korea, Japan, and some Russian companies. In particular, agreements were reached with Agropromtrans on the transshipment of grain (in terms of building a specialized grain terminal), and Sintezgroup on the transportation of tank containers (transshipment of hydrocarbon liquefied gas). Opportunities for building convenient logistic routes through the port, including international ones, as well as the availability of territorial opportunities for additional expansion, opens up broad prospects for the further development of OOO MPBT as a large stevedoring company that can offer competitive cargo handling conditions in comparison with other operators in the Far East .
In September of this year, the port authorities will be ready to provide a “declaration of intent” - a document reflecting investment plans for port development, the signing of which, under the current law “On the Free Port of Vladivostok”, can significantly shorten the implementation of this complex task and speed up the adoption of complex administrative tasks. and interdepartmental decisions related to the implementation of such a project.
A large amount of work on exploring the port's potential, carried out by specialists, including foreign ones, allows us to make a firm conclusion: the development of the port in the Trinity Bay and the improvement of its logistics infrastructure can be an extremely effective project. It can ensure the development of transport and international cooperation in the region. And in the perspective of development within the framework of the ITC "Primorje-2", a large port-hub with a developed logistics infrastructure capable of servicing a significant number of international transit cargoes can be formed here.
According to the data specified in the assessment of the MTC Primorye-2 project, in 14 years, by 2030, a possible freight turnover can reach 15 million tons of cargo in containers and up to 23 million tons of grain. The key operators of the project are the seaports of the south of Primorye and, in particular, the port of Trinity can link such countries as China, Mongolia, Japan, the Republic of Korea and other countries of the Asia-Pacific Region and Northeast Asia in the end-to-end product distribution system. Experts are sure that this is quite realistic - especially now, when preferences have been created for investors, aimed at solving many technical, economic, and organizational tasks.
The purpose of establishing the ITC Primorje-2 is to develop maritime, road and rail infrastructure for regional and transcontinental transit international cargo and passenger transportation.
ITC Primorje-2 relies on the development of the port of Trinity in Zarubino (in the future - the creation of a megaport, a major transportation hub with the functions of the port-hub), the resumption of the railway service to the border with the PRC (the Mahalino railway border crossing) and further to Hunchun PRC, Yanbin Korean Autonomous Region)