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How the three regions of the Far East are experiencing a new flood on the Amur River
July 2018 in the regions standing on the Amur River, stood out slightly similar to July 2013-th - the year of the largest flooding on the Amur for the last century. Heads of the regions, some of whom are in September elections, immediately dressed up in clothes in the style of "military" and began to travel around the areas that have already happened, or even only possible flooding. What actually happens with the water in the Amur, tried to figure out EastRussia.
The authorities of the Jewish Autonomy announced the raising of the rescuers' alert on July 25 - because of heavy rains, which also affected the south of the Khabarovsk Territory. "Despite the fact that the water level is much lower than in 2013, the dynamics of arrival remains. The water rise is still observed near the village of Nagibovo in the Jewish Autonomous Region. However, according to experts, even taking into account the arrival of water, the settlement is not expected to flood," in the press service of the government of the autonomy.
Meanwhile 30 July, due to the high water level in the Amur, the checkpoint through the Russian-Chinese state border "Nizhneleninskoe" of the Birobidzhan customs station stopped working. Return to work the checkpoint tentatively from 2 August. Earlier problems were at the checkpoint in Heihe opposite Blagoveshchensk - the Chinese side had to build there tracks from bags of sand for the movement of arrivals. But 30 July the terminal resumed its work in the previous mode.
The third and last of the Amur regions, the flood impact is usually taken by the Khabarovsk Territory. Khabarovsk Governor Vyacheslav Shport yesterday inspected the fortifications on the embankment in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. The object is built in three stages - the first will be delivered this year, the construction will be completed by the year of 2020. "We will not just protect the city so that citizens do not drown, but we will make the embankment beautiful, it will also play the role of an object for tourism - there should be fountains, sports fields, bushes, trees." bypass the governor.
Vyacheslav Shport believes that this year the situation in July "began to develop exactly the same scenario as in 2013 year." "We noticed it by the figures and immediately started beating the bells," said the governor in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, dressed to bypass the embankment in a suit sometimes used by him, similar to the field suits of the Ministry of Emergency Situations. "We took measures to make reserves in case, and prepare information for citizens of various categories, which may be affected by floods - farmers and so on, and we will inform everyone daily," he said.
The hydropower plant in the Amur region, according to him, works "in full contact with the region," and discharges of water are regulated. "The next week the water should stop, the recession in the Amur region has started, we hope that there will be no cataclysms, but we are ready to speed up work on the defensive structures in Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur, and warn all areas - the sky does not always agree with us Our task is to warn, prepare and not allow anyone to sink, it's for sure, "asserts Vyacheslav Shport.
The forecasters assure that the current situation is not a repeat of 2013. Then, we will remind, intensive downpours across all pool of the Amur went about two months - in July and August. The maximum level of the river in Khabarovsk was 808 cm at the critical level of 600 cm, in Komsomolsk-on-Amur - 911 cm at the critical level of 650 cm. Five flood victims suffered from flooding, most of all - the Amur Region, the Jewish Autonomous Region and the Khabarovsk Territory. It was flooded 235 settlements and more than 13 thousand residential houses, the elimination of the consequences of floods cost only the federal budget of 40 billion rubles. and lasted until the end of 2014 year.
Deputy Head of the Department of Roshydromet for the Far Eastern Federal District Yevgeny Primachev, however, I am sure that analogies with the 2013 year are now out of place. "The formation of the summer high water of the Amur River is influenced by the autumn season of the past year, winter and spring," recalls the ony. "In the autumn of 2017, the river was small, and in winter snow reserves were also very small, that in May the level of the Cupid was below the norm by 30-200 cm. If we draw analogies with 2013 year, the difference in levels is up to 4,5 meters .It is already clear that this is not the same thing. "
In late June - early July, says Yevgeny Primachov, there were very heavy rains in the Trans-Baikal Territory - in places up to 270 mm. An intensive rise in the level was formed on Shilka, Nerche, Mogoche and other rivers. Then the flood "crest" began to shift to the Upper Amur. However, the "crest" passed the Amur Region "without much damage," he clarifies.
According to weather forecasters, now the "crest" of high water approaches the Jewish Autonomous Region. "In Nagibovo (EAO), we are waiting for the level of 1000-1030 cm, the dangerous phenomena here begin with 1100, see. Next 31 July - 1 August, the flood" crest "will shift to Leninskoye village, which also gives a significant amount of water to the Sungari river. "crest" to a level close to dangerous - 800-830 cm for a dangerous 850, see Khabarovsk, according to forecasts, the level of the Amur 3-4 August will reach 520 cm. The dangerous begins with 600, see. In Elabuga, water also does not reach a dangerous level in 550 cm - expected 520 see. In the Trinity 7-8 August, 350-400 cm is expected with dangerous cry 450 see 9-10 August the water will pass Komsomolsk-on-Amur with a level of 460 cm at a dangerous in 650 cm ", - lists Yevgeny Primachev.
"In principle, this is not so rare for the Khabarovsk Territory and the Jewish Autonomy - such floods are repeated once in 10-15 years, the 2013 year's flood levels are repeated about once every 200 years." There will not be a repeat of 2013, "Roshydromet . Even the next southern cyclone, expected from the territory of the People's Republic of China 4-5 August, will "only a little detain large water in the Amur in the Khabarovsk area," Yevgeny Prichamev clarifies.
Summer residents of Khabarovsk can become the only flood victims in 2018. "The city of Khabarovsk is not threatened by anything: at the approach of the" crest "of the flood, we expect an increase of 30-40 cm per day," said Vitaly Darchia, deputy head of the EMERCOM of Russia for the Khabarovsk Territory. "But the increased level of the Amur will make its adjustments to the activities of dacha farms. I'm talking primarily about the territories of the Cable, Dacha, Bolshoi Ussuriysk and the left bank - they will be flooded even without reaching a dangerous level. "According to our estimates, this is about 2 thousand dacha farms."