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Pribaikalskaya logic

The port zone near Ulan-Ude is created without the TOR

While the Far East is ruled by federal legislation for the convenience of investors, by creating territories of advanced development (TOP), the authorities of Buryatia have found their alternative way at the regional level - the zones of economic favor. Than measures to support investors in Buryatia better or worse than the general for the Far East, dealt EastRussia.

Pribaikalskaya logic
Photo: Alexey Kovalenko /
ZEB instead of TOP

In the Republic of Buryatia (the Republic of Buryatia), a regional alternative to the Far Eastern territories of advanced development is created (TOR) - a port zone, or a zone of economic favor of the transport-logistic type (ZEB TLT) Baikal. It should appear near the eponymous airport of the capital of the republic - the city of Ulan-Ude. Like the TOP, the zone is designed to stimulate the social and economic development of the remote from the federal center of the region. Creation of ZEB "will facilitate the accelerated entry of Russian companies into the markets of the Asia-Pacific region and will meet the needs of the commodity distribution system of Siberia and the Far East," said the head of the republican Ministry of Economics Sandra Sangadiev. The official emphasizes that as a result of the functioning of the port zone, "a modern transport and logistics center will be created that will ensure the interests of rail, road, air carriers and will allow to optimize cargo flows from China and Mongolia, reduce the time of delivery of goods and freight and passenger transportation costs." 

ZEB "Baikal", says Zandra Sangadiev, is being created within the framework of the regional law "On Favored Economic Zones in the Republic of Buryatia", adopted back in 2007. Initially, the law was focused on the establishment of tourist and recreational zones. The republic's government has submitted a draft amendment to the people's khural, which is expected to be considered in the coming months. The bill discloses the term "favored economic zones of the transport and logistics type": transport and logistics activities mean processing, including warehousing, sorting, packaging and assembly of transit cargoes of railroad, inland waterways, road and air transport.

Help EastRussia. According to preliminary calculations of the Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Buryatia, ZEB TLT "Baikal" should provide 2500 new jobs and 9,3 billion rubles of investments. The turnover of the enterprises of the zone can reach 570 thousand tons per year, the volume of proceeds - 304,1 billion rubles. The budgets of all levels are expected to receive 48,5 billion rubles. Investments from the federal budget will not be required, 152,58 million rubles are needed from the regional budget, 78,06 million rubles from the municipal budgets.

ZEB residents are granted exemption for five years from the date of starting a business from paying property tax (within the limits of the amounts credited to the republican budget), a reduced income tax rate, and the possibility of exemption from land tax. To obtain the status of a resident, it is enough to be an individual entrepreneur or a commercial organization registered in the territory of the municipality within the boundaries of the ZEB. The minimum financial threshold for entering the zone is 100 million rubles in capital investments for a business focused on logistics and transport, and 5 million rubles for a business specializing in tourism.

According to Zandra Sangadiev, while the process of creating ZEB TLT "Baikal" passes the stage of financial and economic justification. This did not prevent the Belarusian government from concluding agreements of intent with some potential residents of the future transport and logistics zone. So far these are three companies with Chinese participation. This is Sino-Baikal LLC (the founder of Nikolay Land Port Construction Co. Ltd., the volume of planned investments is 7 billion rubles), Baikal Invest LLC (founder of Adding Energy Holdings Co., Ltd., the volume of investments is 2 billion rubles) And Zhonggunxin Heilongjiang Capital Investment and Development Co., Ltd. (investment amount - 2 billion rubles).

ZEB instead of SEZ

Interestingly, the leadership of the Republic of Belarus initially considered the "Baikal" zone on the site in 200 hectares near the international airport of Ulan-Ude as a federal project and planned its implementation as part of the Federal Law "On Special Economic Zone (SEZ)". In December, 2015, the relevant application was filed with the government of the Russian Federation. But in April, 2016 of the year came from Moscow: the center suspended the creation of new SEZs by its decision, since the already created ones did not justify the expectations placed on them and did not bring any economic benefits to the country.

Then the leadership of Buryatia decided to act within the framework of republican legislation. At the same time, the volume of costs for the construction of the external infrastructure of the future port zone, which the regional budget is ready to undertake, is only about 200 million rubles. The rest should be financed by future residents - this is 1,1 billion rubles for the arrangement of the internal infrastructure of the zone.

Meanwhile, Buryatia already has experience in attracting investors to zones with special economic regimes, albeit ambiguous. SEZ "Baikal Harbor" of tourist and recreational type was created on the coast of Lake Baikal by the decision of the government of the Russian Federation in 2007. The main goal is to attract Russian and foreign tourists to the region. The zone did not work so fully. At the federal level, there was even talk of closing it down. But in the end, the SEZ never made it to the liquidation list approved by the Russian government in September 2016. According to the Minister of Economy of Buryatia, Zandra Sangadiev, a special procedure has been developed for transferring infrastructure facilities of the Baikalskaya Gavan SEZ to republican ownership, and land plots to municipal ownership, but the results of the measures will become apparent not earlier than the end of the current half-year. At the same time, it is possible that Baikal Harbor will turn from a SEZ into a ZEB and, like Baikal, will develop within the framework prescribed by the norms of republican legislation.
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