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Priamurye - well done, and Primorye - in the "red zone"
Monitoring of investment activities conducted by the ASI revealed leaders and outsiders in the Far East
Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation Andrey Belousov questioned the number and quality of the work of the institutes for the development of the Far East, whose presence, in his opinion, still does not solve the main problems of the macroregion - outflow of population and the absence of favorable conditions for doing business.The leadership of a number of Far Eastern subjects of the Russian Federation isit does not cope with the task of creating a favorable investment climate.
BUSINESS COMFORTABLE IN KHABAROVSK
At a separate session, within the framework of the VI Annual Business Conference "100 Steps to a Favorable Investment Business", organized by the Agency for Strategic Initiatives (ASI) and the TASS news agency, the investment climate in the Russian Far East was discussed. Recall, according to the results of the annual rating, in 2017, only a smaller part of the Far Eastern regions of the Russian Federation showed good dynamics in terms of the investment climate.
During the September Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, the presidential aide for economic issues, Andrei Belousov, called on the ASI, representatives of Delovaya Rossiya and Opora Rossii to conduct monitoring of investment activity mechanisms in the Far East for two to three months, and stated the purpose of such a study: "Let's see how these institutions (development) work in each of the regions. Together with the governor, together with the teams, we will analyze the cases, there will be the most thorough analysis. And then we'll see where we need to move taking into account the experience that we will get. "
And now, analyzing the various indicators of the monitoring, the Director General of ASI, Svetlana Chupsheva, emphasized the great difference between different regions of the Far East in the successful development of economic incentive tools: "The Amur Region, Khabarovsk Territory, Magadan Region is distinguished by the high quality of the work of regional specialized organizations, infrastructure for business, investment portal and council ... At the same time, Primorsky Krai needs to increase the availability of regional investment infrastructure and more to interact with the business community, Kamchatka - to establish relationships with the development institutions of the Far East and optimize the activities of the investment council, Chukotka - to create an investment infrastructure and involve the population in entrepreneurial activities ... There are no norms in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug , which determine the procedure for considering proposals and concluding concession agreements. In Primorsky Krai it is not determined who is empowered in the sphere of public-private partnership, there is no order of interagency cooperation. In Chukotka and in the Jewish Autonomous Region, it also does not exist. The law on industrial policy is not being implemented. In Kamchatka, the procedure for concluding special investment contracts has not been prescribed, and in Sakhalin and Yakutia regional legislation on industrial policy needs further development. The Khabarovsk Territory is the only region where subsidies are provided for the creation of private industrial parks. "
According to the monitoring data obtained on the basis of a survey of entrepreneurs, the activities of the regional investment council and portal, as well as the investment infrastructure as a whole, are not efficiently organized in Yakutia. The situation is similar in Chukotka, Kamchatka, in the Sakhalin and Jewish Autonomous Region. In Primorye (the region fell into a lagging, so-called “red zone”), the situation is aggravated by the fact that investment volumes have consistently declined over the past three years against the background of an undeveloped support infrastructure and a weak dialogue between business, government and development institutions. On the contrary, the Khabarovsk Territory, the Amur and Magadan regions demonstrate high dynamics of the volume of investments and the level of business support. Khabarovsk Territory is also distinguished by a high industrial production index and high-quality investment infrastructure.
In general, the Far Eastern Federal District leads in the growth rate of investments in the authorized capital of companies (+ 10% vs. + 3% on average in Russia), but lags behind in the number of new small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), in terms of lending (by 18% less than in Russia as a whole per SME subject), according to the number of inspections carried out by regulatory authorities (by 7% higher than the national average in 2017 a year).
HOW TO READ RESULT?
Commenting on all these data during the discussion, the presidential aide Andrei Belousov reminded those present that in September 2017, Vladimir Putin instructed to ensure that by the year 2020 the regions of the Far East entered the top 30 of the National rating of the state of investment climate (according to the results of the last Nazinvestreiting, only one Far Eastern subject RF - Khabarovsk Territory - took 40 place in it 85, - note EastRussia). "We, when preparing this instruction of the president, wrote that the regions of the Far East should enter the top 30 for five years. He struck out, changed to "for three years." It was his personal decision, "- emphasized the emphasis of Andrei Belousov.
The presidential aide acknowledged that at the first stage of development of the Far East (which was marked by the creation of advanced development territories and the Free Port of Vladivostok with their super-preferential business promotion mechanisms), business began to arrive in the Far East, and even for some time negative demographic trends slowed down. (compared to previous years in 2016, population outflows from the Far East decreased by more than 40%, but in the first half of 2017, the year began to grow again, according to the RANEP C). But the main criterion for the successful development of the eastern part of Russia, Belousov, called the still not achieved steady population growth, showing that people want to "live, work and raise children" here.
Of course, a favorable investment climate and the economic activity caused by it should have a positive impact on the demographic situation. But, as the data of the discussed monitoring showed, with the stimulation of the economy, so far everything is not very smooth. Panellists touched upon the theme of development institutions - both regional institutions and federal institutions were mentioned - the CDAS, ARPC, the Development Fund for the Far East, etc. According to Andrei Belousov, perhaps due to the fact that there are too many development institutions at the Far Institute, entrepreneurs are simply confused about what is responsible for what. “Maybe reducing their (institutions) quantity, but improving the quality?”, The assistant to the president of the Russian Federation asked the audience rhetorically.
CREDITS DO NOT GIVE, RATES HARMFUL
Another participant in the discussion, the president of the All-Russian public organization of small and medium-sized businesses Opora Rossii, Alexander Kalinin, associated not very encouraging monitoring indicators with the presence of three major regional problems for small and medium-sized businesses: inaccessibility of loans for working capital ("Banks require only solid pledges, even businessmen do not take gold from Yakutia, considering it as a commodity in circulation! "); connivance on the part of state bodies to illegal business, which makes unfair competition to law-abiding entrepreneurs; unjustifiably high transport and energy tariffs (Surgutneftegaz takes 120000 ruble for wagon travel on its technological roads, and companies responsible for connecting to power networks in Yakutia require 50 thousand rubles per kilowatt, although in central Russia the rates are 10 times lower) .
SUPERVISION WILL BECOME A NEW
Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East Alexander Galushka added to this list the problem of excessive and, often, unreasonable pressure on the business by controlling state structures, primarily the Tax Service, Rospotrebnadzor, the Rosselkhoznadzor, the bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Emergency Situations. The head of the Minsk region recalled that Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke about the need to reduce the administrative burden on entrepreneurs during the September meeting of the State Council presidium in Vladivostok.
“The president made a decision - it concerns not only the Far East, but also the whole country - on the inadmissibility of removing hard drives during business inspections, on the right of the ombudsman to sue entrepreneurs to sue on behalf of an individual businessman if the rights of the latter are violated. The President also supported a whole package of measures to reduce the volume of planned and unscheduled inspections of business by regulatory authorities. Today, a joint working group has been created to protect the rights of investors, consisting of employees of the Ministry of Eastern Development, on the one hand, and employees of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation, on the other. We are preparing an alternative model of control and supervisory activities in the Far East in the Torah and the Free Port of Vladivostok. In the near future it will be presented. Moreover, three weeks ago, a hotline was launched on the website of the Ministry of Eastern and Eastern Development to receive requests from businessmen and investors on specific facts and circumstances of the violation of their rights and administrative pressure. Have an email address (firstname.lastname@example.org), on-line are ready to react to any problems of investors, to understand and help to solve these issues. The problem is sharp and flashy. We must solve it, "Alexander Galushka promised.
The minister also expressed bewilderment about the outsider regions (they are marked in red on the so-called "thermal" monitoring map: "In the regions that are in the" red zone "(Primorsky Krai, Kamchatka Krai and Chukotka Autonomous District), the main problems are concentrated and The main drawbacks: This causes misunderstanding of how something is going on in the Khabarovsk Territory and does not work in Primorye, there is no explanation for this, except for the quality of the work of the regional management teams. "
BOOK EastRussia ASI together with leading business associations is the organizer of the annual National Rating of the investment climate in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. With the help of this tool over the past three years, the effectiveness of the regional authorities in shaping a favorable business environment has been assessed.
2 June 2017 on the site of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum was presented top-20 latest National Investment Rating of the subjects of the Russian Federation. The best dynamics in the top twenty leaders by the integral indicator was demonstrated by Tatarstan, Voronezh, Ivanovo, Leningrad, Kostroma and Moscow regions. Out of the Far Eastern regions, the Khabarovsk Territory and the Amur Region achieved the most impressive results, having improved their positions for the year, respectively, at 33 and 31,51 points.