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Alexander Saveliev on the volumes, prices and quality of salmon roe in the east of Russia
492 thousand tons of salmon, - pink salmon, chum salmon, sockeye salmon, coho salmon, chinook salmon, sims, - is recommended to catch in the Far East of Russia this year by the board of directors of Rosrybolovstvo research institutes. Accordingly, red caviar will be produced in the order of 24 thousand tons.
Forecast of the previous year was 320 thousand tons. Actually caught - 353 thousand tons. Red caviar produced about 18 thousand tons, which, together with the unsold inventory of the previous vestige in the volume of 5 thousand tons, and the Alaskan-supplied 3 thousand tons through Belarus, exceeded twice the average annual domestic demand for this product in 12 thousand tons. The retail price for red caviar in November-December 2017, I remind you, exceeded 6 thousand rubles. Greedy traders rushed under the mute to get rid of the stocks of the previous year at an exorbitant price - do not throw away!
Thus, this year there is a situation with at least a two-fold excess of the average annual Russian demand for red caviar and at a maximum of a three-fold excess of the traditional demand.
Broad Russian soul - even wider mouth, which, as you know, should not be opened. Kosi spit while dew!
Exactly for this reason, the fall in retail prices for red caviar after the New Year, contrary to expectations, we do not observe. Although the acceptable shelf life of the product has expired, except for the packaged in tin cans in the Far Eastern regions of the fishery. In cans, as is known, caviar can be stored for a year, just before the next salmon path, which starts at the end of May and ends at the end of October.
The nearest increase in demand for red caviar is expected this week. Therefore, it is not necessary to expect a decline in prices even for overdue products. However, by autumn, the increasing volumes of Putin-2018 will inevitably put serious pressure on retail sales and prices. Even greedy traders should flinch. Still, the percentage of 10 costs will fall in relation to the current indicators and against the backdrop of 15-percentage growth in prices for salmon species in general.
Other, very serious pressure on the prices of pink salmon, chum salmon, sockeye salmon, coho salmon, chinook salmon, sims are provided by imported supplies of cage salmon and cage trout. It is clear that cage fish is of much worse quality, but probably not for everyone, so it continues to be bought at a higher price. And this most toxic food in the world, according to the conclusions of the long studies of Norwegian scientists, pushes up prices for the best quality wild salmon. There is no such thing anywhere in the world! From London to Uganda, everywhere artificially grown fish costs several times more cheaply extracted in the pristine waters of the seas and oceans. And only in Russia, on the contrary! This is our national shame, which is only to be disposed of. Perhaps, it is the rich Far Eastern catches of the coming way that will allow us to try out the best fish in the world and refuse to buy casket trash.
The wholesale price in the presence of unsold balances for caviar of chum salmon and pink salmon can fall in October to 3400 rubles per kilogram at the current 3500-3600 RUB / kg.
Exports of red caviar to Japan will not exceed the indicator of the last year 3,6 thousand tons (in 2016-m - 2,7 thousand tons) and will not affect the domestic market.
What else should be borne in mind when choosing caviar?
The day before, the Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology (Rosstandart) approved a new GOST for caviar of salmon fish species, in which the maximum level of so-called juss, caviar juice is determined, at the level of no more than 5%, and the duty to indicate the type of red caviar, name of fish. The new GOST will operate in a test mode, but after three years will be mandatory. Decrease and the maximum amount of salt - from 7% to 5%.
The quality of red caviar on the shelves from these innovations will be much better. Slightly salted caviar is more tasty, although it also deteriorates more quickly, since the preservative, which is salt, is getting smaller. Restrictions on salt scare sellers who want to re-salted unsold caviar after the expiration of its shelf life. And juss is an obvious indicator of mechanical effects during packing, as well as freezing and defrosting eggs and adding vegetable oil, for example.
And more: now Roskachestva standards determine the quality of fish products by DNA sequencing, which allows point and reliable determination of the species of fish.
Add "transparency" of red caviar and entered into force from 1 September 2017 Technical Regulations "On the safety of fish and fish products." According to the requirements of this document, we can flawlessly identify not only caviar on the counter, but also all fish, fish products, getting the exact name, date and place of catch. However, there is still a year and a half of the adaptation period, so that the Technical Department can make full use of it.
The Rosselkhoznadzor website launched the countdown to 1 July 2018, when mandatory electronic veterinary certification will come into force. The system envisaged by the federal legislation also allows tracking the timing and movement of fish products from places of catch or cultivation to the counter.
In addition, the State Duma adopted the law, which comes into force on 1 January 2019, on the identification marking, which, of course, will touch red caviar and fish in general.