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Tires - in a tiny. So what is next?
EastRussia has studied on-site project for the recycling of tires of one of the residents of the TOR "Komsomolsk"
In the Old Workshop - a new line
Capacities of OOO Tapir-ECO, enterprises processing old tires were located in one of the shops in the former factory Amurlitmash. Earlier, in Soviet times, there was one big production. Now - an industrial park, which has become part of the territory of advanced development (TOR) "Komsomolsk", and many small companies-tenants. The landlord for them is a group of companies "Dalenergomash" Khabarovsk businessman Pyotr Boychuk, at one time bought the territory of the plant. From the former industrial zone, a businessman with the support of the authorities is trying to make a classic brownfield - an investment site for new projects with already ready communications.
The Amurlitmash site is located on the outskirts of Komsomolsk-on-Amur: on the one hand - the famous Silinsky Park with the Silinko River, on the other - the ski center Bolshevik. The road and the railway branch are suitable for the industrial zone, so it seems attractive for investors. However, its advantage in the form of the existing infrastructure, at first tempted both the authorities and the first residents of the TOP, was in fact questionable. All the premises of the "Amurlitmash" since the times of the USSR have heated its own boiler room, but its profitability due to the small number of tenants - hardly a tenth of the shops is used - it eventually "went into negative".
Director of the company "Tapir-ECO" Stanislav Kuzema, parking the car near the shop and leading me inside, apologizes: "It was built in due time, but everything is already dilapidated, and it's not hot here." My acquaintance with the production is just for the period of the change in the heating scheme: the old boiler house is being preserved, the shops are brought to the centralized city heat supply. So the workers serving the "Tapir-ECO" installation do it in a warm uniform.
Installation of several units, hiding behind piles of old tires, rattles rhythmically. At the output of a small line, which is the letter "G" - a few screens, through which crumbs into the bags of rubber chips of different fractions. The already filled bags are stacked right next to the installation. Raw materials in the form of old car tires - also close. The young guy stands "on the way out" of the line, the woman - "at the entrance." That's all the staff. So at once I can not believe that the "Tapir-ECO" project can process up to 3,5 thousand tons of tires per year.
While we go to the shop, Stanislav Kuzema explains: the line is still in test operation. Launched it 30 in May, began to work from June - "the first season tried themselves." Workers are still learning, periodically the equipment has to be stopped and reconfigured. However, all documents for processing a license for the utilization of tires are ready for shipment to Moscow. And by February of the next year the permission will be received, the chapter "Tapir-ECO" hopes.
"We are now collecting rubber, which is located in landfills, at motor depots," he explains in a simple way, "on the fingers" the current economy of the project. "" It is not taken into account anywhere, the enterprises do not account for it to anyone. Komsomolsk-on-Amur does not work yet, we are actually "picking" what no one needs, on the one hand, it's a plus-there is raw materials, on the other hand, it is supposed to be paid for recycling, it's also work: for the delivery of solid household waste to The polygon fee is charged regularly. no, it means that the grounds for taking a fee are also.and we process the processing solely at our own expense and completely dependent on the realization of what was produced. "
Putting his hands under the rubbed crumb from the line and saying a few words to the workers, Stanislav Kuzema takes me to the next room. Here - not only a crumb in bags, which, he admits, "is not yet in high demand on the market", although all the "Tapir-ECO" developed for the current season has been realized. There is also something that can be made from rubber crumbs: a trauma-safe coating of different thickness in rolls, an interesting shape and colors of tiles, other materials that do not sin to lay on any local area. In Komsomolsk-on-Amur, the director of "Tapir-ECO" admits, there are only one children's playgrounds with rubber coating: the enterprise made it for her own account as an indicative one, in the courtyard where the director lives. To my question, why there are so few pads, Stanislav Kuzema invites me to pass from the shop filled with a rumble to the office: "Let's talk in silence".
PAY FOR RAW MATERIAL OR GATHER THE PAYMENT?
The furnishings of the office are just as austere as the working workshop: office furniture, nothing superfluous.
"Obtaining a license will not automatically provide us with raw materials," says the entrepreneur. - Undoubtedly, there is a need for enterprises - the utilization of tires. But the good half of such rubber, and this is an acute estimate, is not utilized at all. It is either thrown at an unauthorized landfill, or "hammers" its own territory of enterprises, and ultimately goes there - unofficially for a city or a landfill, because it is also illegal to take tires on the official landfills. The polygons, of course, try to circumvent these restrictions - by contracts of storage or using licenses of other enterprises. As a result, rubber accumulates and does not move anywhere further. But this closes the eyes for one simple reason: we just do not have an enterprise in the city that would have the right to officially dispose of rubber. The nearest is Khabarovsk OOO "Breeze".
In other words, the rubber processing market in Komsomolsk-on-Amur is not just empty - it is not even formed. Against this background, the business idea of the owners of "Tapir-ECO", dealing with the city and its surroundings and other types of entrepreneurship, looks like a win-win: come and take. The company invested about 15 million rubles in the acquisition and commissioning of an industrial plant for the processing of old tires. It would seem, it's time to reap dividends. But here, as in any production, not everything is so simple.
Many people "still simply do not understand that any waste disposal is a paid service," complains Stanislav Kuzema. Therefore, enterprises that are potential sources of raw materials for "Tapir-ECO", in the overwhelming majority are not simply not ready to pay for the tires being handed in. On the contrary, they also ask the processor to pay them for the raw materials. "This problem has not been solved yet, and here, of course, there is only one recipe - tighter control over the disposal of rubber by the supervisory agencies." Let's not talk about fines, even just give out instructions. "To teach people to do this: hand over this kind of waste , where appropriate, "- says Stanislav Kuzema.
The cost of the collection is not so great, he emphasizes: from the calculation of the order of 3 rubles per kilogram to hand over the cargo wheel for recycling, it will cost the owner only 150 rubles. There is a small loss for an enterprise that is ready to abide by the law. For the production of "Tapir-ECO" this would create the very minimum stable economy, without which no business can work for long. However, for owners of large fleet of vehicles, which for decades accumulated somewhere "on the orders" the old rubber, to utilize it at once - "this is an unpleasant sum," admits Stanislav Kuzema. "But you saved it yourself, and ordinary household rubbish - you do not save," he adds.
At the same time, "Tapir-ECO" only claims that after receiving the license, the enterprise is included in the SDW turnover scheme, which the regional operator should be guided by when distributing waste in the subject of the Russian Federation - when it appears. "We do not pretend to be carrying all the garbage," Stanislav Kuzema stresses, "only our kind of waste, which by law can not be taken to the landfill or to the sorting station." Further, our relations with the operator will be built on a contractual basis " .
In the presentation, with which the investor went to the city investment council, the issue of providing the project with raw materials is described as follows. The first source is a municipal solid waste landfill, where 1500 tons of tires are stored. The second - the companies-carriers and "tire companies". The third is the abandoned tires. At the same time, the processor is ready to take raw materials from suppliers for a fee of 1-2 thousand rubles. per ton. The landfill now charges 966 rubles per ton.
The second side of any business is sales. Here, "Tapir-EKO" "also has nuances," continues Stanislav Kuzema. With the rubber crumb produced so far in small batches, the company reached buyers in other cities and even regions - for example, in Khabarovsk and Sakhalin. Tiles from Tapir-EKO are also being bought in the capital of the Khabarovsk Territory. But the scale of production of non-hazardous coatings is small - the crumb rubber line provides five times more products than is needed for the production of coatings. And this, says the director of the company, has its own explanation.
“Rubber crumb can be used in a variety of industries, including the manufacture of road surfaces, although in our harsh winter it is impossible to simply add crumb to the asphalt, it needs to be“ cooked up ”, and for this, the enterprise needs to be modernized,” says Stanislav Kuzema. - However, today the main application of crumb in Russia is the manufacture of injury-proof rubber coatings. Here we are faced with the main limitation - the state of the local market. The population of Komsomolsk-on-Amur is small, its ability to pay is low. As you know, a person thinks about comfort and safety when he has a high income. Make a new injury-safe playground in the courtyard of an apartment building, a path to a private house, a porch - all of this including. When income is low, such problems are closed last.
According to Tapir-EKO, many Komsomolsk-on-Amur playgrounds need to be modernized: a significant number of them are constructed from sand, which tends to be tackled over time, turning into an unsafe surface, polluted, blown away by the wind or "leave" with water from the bottom. "But the object is initially built according to all standards, and it gives up - no problem. The trouble is that his condition is poorly controlled further. It needs to be properly maintained," says Stanislav Kuzema. "If you convey this to the residents, so that they understand that sand cover eventually becomes useless - perhaps they will think about whether to choose a different type of coating. We live in the market, nobody can force anyone. "
Meanwhile, I again remember the presentation of the investment project, which is shown on the eve of the city's "Investment and Development Agency." There, the "requests" of the enterprise are clearly indicated: 80 thousand square meters of rubber crumb coating per year. "1142 playgrounds for 70 sq. M", - italics added. And among possible support measures - "Regulatory regulation of the use of materials from rubber crumbs in the construction of municipal and regional social facilities (municipal order)."
Therefore, the following question is natural: how much does it cost?
A playground of 100 square meters, according to Stanislav Kuzema, can be covered with a coating produced by Tapir-EKO for 150-200 thousand rubles. For management companies, he believes, this is more than affordable: for a 100-apartment building, the payment will be 200 rubles per apartment, if you divide it into several years - "this is generally a frivolous amount: people spend much more money on things that do not see ". In the meantime, Tapir-EKO is trying to establish contacts with both the developers and the management company: for example, the company offered test samples of the coating to the builders of one of the new residential buildings and the Amurlift control system. Negotiations are underway with local producers of asphalt concrete mix.
"SUPPORT IS, BUT WE ARE REALISTS"
The authorities of the investor support, the director of "Tapir-ECO" does not deny. Thus, the "Investment and Development Agency of Komsomolsk-on-Amur", owned by the municipality, helped the company in processing all the documents necessary for obtaining the status of a TOP resident - thanks to him the enterprise "settled" in "Amurlitmash" and got the right to tax benefits. The agency also helped the project get priority status on local scales - it was taken to the investment council under the head of Komsomolsk-on-Amur, which facilitated "Tapir-ECO" interaction with all administration officials.
"The city authorities are quite positive towards us, support is serious," Stanislav Kuzema admits. At the regional level, he continues, the investor's ideas also find understanding. "We began to actively communicate with the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations - to promote our products to foreign markets, it is not easy for us to do this ourselves, but we have received support from both the ministry and the regional export support center," he said.
However, like any businessman, Stanislav Kuzema has questions to officials responsible for the workings of mechanisms for the development of the Far East.
“No, we do not regret settling down on the territory of Amurlitmash,” he says. - On its own - it would be more comfortable. Now the company pays in the quarter about half a million rubles for the rental of premises. Of course, these funds could be used for production purposes. But what does it mean to build your own? Investing in capital construction is very serious. If we began to build a workshop, at best it would only be close to completion. At the same time, the costs would be two to three times more: not 15 million rubles, but 30 million rubles. only on the premises. We would gladly go to another site of TOR - "Parus", where now is still a clear field, if we were told: you will settle in the process. But these mechanisms were not originally proposed. Although now, as they say, Parus already has such a project - the construction of standardized modular workshops for any type of business.
However, the businessman calls "to remain realistic" in assessing the actions of the authorities.
- Maybe, somewhere they expected more support. A simple example: a resident has the right to preferential VAT refund. But to prove it in the tax authorities for a new enterprise is very difficult. With customs it is simpler, there is more precise regulation. But we generally have enough support. And we hope that preferences will play a role when we reach serious volumes. While on our, small, they are difficult to feel, - says Stanislav Kuzema.
The city administration, by the way, is well aware of all the investor's problems - the project is among the "exemplary" ones, it was not for nothing that it was presented this summer at a visiting meeting of the regional council on entrepreneurship to Governor Vyacheslav Shport. "The Tapir-ECO project is one of the first to be supported by the agency," recalls Yevgeny Korshikov, first deputy head of Komsomolsk-on-Amur. "As part of the roadmap implementation, the city administration continues to address issues important for the project. Changes have been made to city rules for the improvement of yards concerning the use of rubber coatings in yards. Meetings with management companies and chairmen of HOAs about their use are being organized. Possibilities of using crumb rubber in asphalt pavement are being worked out. "
We again go out with Stanislav Kuzemoy in the shop. There it is surprisingly quiet - the line is silent. Worth it.
"They stopped again," says the director of Tapir-ECO. - This is it, the debugging period! We took the installation with a capacity covering the needs of the city and the surrounding areas - Komsomolsky, Amur, Solnechny. There are promising ideas, of course. But now the main thing is to get profitability on the current project, and this is a year and a half. In a word, next year will be decisive for us.
And somehow even want to believe that "Tapir-ECO" will crumble the tires and then - not in vain.