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Exploration and exploration

Khabarovsk Territory will have to replenish its precious metal reserves

Exploration and exploration

Enterprises operating in the province are poorly provided with mineral reserves, and fluctuations in foreign exchange and commodity markets have led to a decrease in profitability and tax revenues. Experts note that even at the best of times the economic effect of mining went beyond the region, since processing of metallurgical raw materials is not developed.

"We do not eat gold"

According to the estimates of the Minister of Natural Resources of the Khabarovsk Territory Vasily Shikhalev, the share of mining is 6,9% in the volume of goods shipped and 5,4% in the amount of tax payments to the regional budget. The main specialization of the Khabarovsk miners is the extraction of precious and rare metals. Over the past three years, 21,9 billion rubles have been invested in the development of the mining industry of the Khabarovsk Territory. This made it possible to create and modernize additional production facilities, as well as to lay the foundation for further growth in mining. Among the successes of previous years, we can note the commissioning of a mining and processing plant at the Belaya Gora deposit in the Nikolaev municipal district, the completion of the construction of a hydrometallurgical plant in Amursk (AMMC) - all these are events of 2013.

A year earlier Albazinsky GOK in the area of ​​Polina Osipenko came to the design capacity for ore processing, pilot-industrial exploitation of the gold mine Avlayakan in the Ayano-May district began. As a result, gold production in the province increased in comparison with 2011 year in 1,4 times to 20,6 tons. Impressive successes achieved the edge in the extraction of tin. Today the region is the only tin-mining region of Russia. Attraction of investments into modernization of production at the Pravourmiyskoye field (Verkhnebureinsky district) allowed to increase productivity in comparison with 2011 year in 1,6 times. In 2014, gold mining in the province is expected in the volume of 20,4 tons, platinum - 2,4 tons, tin - 300 tons, which is 82% more than the level of 2013 year. Tax revenues from the mining industry in the regional budget will be about 3,4 billion rubles.

These data could serve as an excuse for optimism, but at the end of November, at an extended meeting of the Khabarovsk Krai Government, the sides discussed the challenges ahead. Profitability of mining enterprises is decreasing, Vasily Shikhalev warned participants of the meeting. At ZAO Mnogovershinnoe, the average gold grade in ore declined by 33% to 3,2 g / t in three years. At the same time, the ore processing volumes increased by 22%, the cost of production increased by 39%, the profitability level fell by 26%. Tax revenue decreased by 13%.

At the Khakanja field (developed by the Okhotsk Mining and Geological Company, Polymetal's structure), the average gold content fell by 55%, silver by 30%. In the current year 41% gold gain on OGRK was obtained from the Avlayakyan field. But its reserves will ensure the work of the Khakanja concentrator only for three years. The overall profitability of the enterprise decreased by 14%, the volume of profit - by 32%, at 50% - the level of tax revenue. The Taas-Yuryakh mine of the company "Amur Gold" is provided with metal for one year. Due to complex logistics, the cost of production increased by 20% over the past three years.

Difficult situation with platinum. At the Konder mine (Amur’s prospector’s artel), the depth of the sands increased from 2011 to 20 m, and the annual processing volumes of rock mass doubled from 11,5 million cubic meters to 23 million cubic meters per year. The platinum content in the sand fell by a factor of 2,2, from 1,5 g to 0,69 g per cubic meter. As a result, following the results of 2013, the company suffered losses in the amount of 700 million rubles. In general, the industry average gold content in ore deposits fell by 16%, silver by 33% over three years.

“If in the 2011 year, to extract a ton of gold, it was necessary to process 200 thousand tons of ore, then in 2013 year - 240 thousand tons. The level of profitability decreased by 53%, the profit fell by 40%, the taxes in 2013 amounted to 3,4 billion rubles, ”the minister concluded.

The ministry noted the region’s low availability of placer gold reserves - they will last for an average of six years. On ore - reserves for 11 years. For example, the average for DFO gold reserves are estimated at 28 years. And in regions such as the Magadan region, Yakutia, are 57 years and 46 years, respectively. Moreover, the most acute situation with reserves at those enterprises that today give 50% of all production in the region is MNV, OGRK and Amur Zoloto.

Operational results of work of miners for 10 months already allow to draw a conclusion about the difficult times that have come for the industry. According to the Ministry of Natural Resources, for ten months of the year gold production amounted to 17 tons, or 97% of the task. But the major manufacturers are lagging behind the plan: ZAO Mnogovershinnoye - for 540 kg, Amur Gold - for 80 kg, OOO Belaya Gora - for 397 kilogram. "Artel of prospectors" Amur "" extracted 2,4 tons of platinum, which is 1,16 tons below the plan. Against this backdrop, only ZAO Pravourmiyskoye is profitable, which extracted 250 tons of tin or 140% for the annual target.

Miners for 10 months paid 2,4 billion rubles. Taxes, to 222 million rubles. Below the plan. The decline was made by the Okhotsk Mining and Geological Company (the structure of Polymetal) - by 199 million rubles, Artel Amur by 239 million rubles, Mnogovershinnoye by 113 million rubles.

The first deputy chairman of the regional government for economy Alexander Levintal believes this trend is very dangerous for the regional budget. "I calculated that the industrial production index grew by 15% in three years. And the level of tax revenues is only 5%. We do not need tons of gold, we do not eat it, we eat at the expense of taxes! The tendency to decrease the efficiency of our production is fixed, we are increasing it more and the result is less, "he worries.

“Price volatility makes cost price more stringent”

Director of the Khabarovsk branch of Polymetal Management, Valentin Martynenko, claims that the company has carried out significant work to increase production efficiency. More than 16 billion rubles invested in the development of the mine Albazino and the Amur Mining and Metallurgical Combine. “But price volatility makes stricter requirements for the cost of gold production, and this affects economic performance and, as a result, entails a reduction in the tax base,” he explained. Despite this, the production plans in 2013 were fully implemented. At 2014, the forecast for mining at OGRK is 3 tons of gold and 56 tons of silver, while Albazino Resources has 6,8 tons of gold. Moreover, according to the results of 2014, tax deductions of “Albazino Resources” will increase by 18 million rubles. - up to 515 million rubles.

Prospects for 2015-2017 years in Polymetal are evaluated positively. Albazino will keep the figures at the same level due to underground mining. But the OGRK is waiting for a decrease - up to 2,3 tons of gold to 2017 year. But by that time, the development of the Svetloye field will begin in the Okhotsk region. The GOK launch is scheduled for the second half of the year 2017. In addition, up to 2017, a stable amount of tax revenue is planned. Also, Polymetal intends to invest up to 2018 billion rubles in the development of its enterprise in the region before the year 7.

As a form of support for new capital-intensive projects, Valentin Martynenko proposes the regional government to include the development of the Svetloye deposit in the register of regional investment projects and give a severance tax allowance. “At the beginning of 2015, we will turn with the calculations to the Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of Finance,” he explained.

About the help asks the managing director of ZAO Mnogovershinnoe Yevgeny Shchetinin.

He explained that 10 tons of 3,259 tons were produced in 1 months, 4,168 tons of gold on the "White Mountain". By the end of the year, these indicators should be respectively 1,244 t and 5,412 t, total 2015 tons. At 2,939 year, a decrease in production at Mnogovershinnom is proposed - up to 2,465 t, and growth to 5,465 t on the White Mountain - in the amount of 2015 tons. The head of the company promised in 692 to pay XNUMX million rubles. Taxes.

But according to the managing director, because of the tariff policy of state monopolies, the efficiency of business is decreasing. The rise in price of tariffs has already brought 35 million rubles. Loss from the beginning of the year.

The head of OJSC “Artel of miners Amur”, Kazbek Bazhayev, claims that in three years 18,85 billion rubles have been allocated for the development of Konder. investment. But in 2013, the company suffered a loss, so 85% from the 2012 level of the year was paid to the regional budget. “The sharp rise in the dollar exchange rate, the revaluation of foreign exchange liabilities and the failure to meet the production targets in 2014 will change our plans. In 2014, the tax forecast is 60% from last year. Due to the deterioration of mining conditions, it is planned to mine 3 tons of platinum next year, which is less than planned for 0,3 tons, ”he said.

Yevgeny Kolesov, general director of OAO Rusolovo, assures the general director that currently working in the Khabarovsky Krai, Pravoormyskoe and Tin Ore Company are the only mining enterprises in Russia, "the mines are in Yakutia". The project for development of the Pravoormiyskoye field provides for expansion of the existing production after 2017 to 5 thousand tons of tin concentrate per year. The associated extraction of tungsten and copper is planned. In 2014, it is planned to extract 320 tons of tin in concentrate, next - 658 tons of tin and 4 tons of tungsten. For three years, the company at 73% reduced the cost of production of tin, says Yevgeny Kolesov.

Taxes in 2015 could be 66 million rubles, in 2016 year - 116 million rubles, and in 2017 year, after the launch of the new GOK - 260 million rubles.

With Minvostokrazvitiya and the government of the region, the issue of building a highway and power lines for the Pravoormiyskoye deposit is being worked out at the expense of the federal budget. This is necessary for the construction of a new combine at 1 million tons of ore. In addition, the GOK construction project is planned to be included in the list of priority investment projects in Khabarovsk Krai with the subsequent conclusion of an investment agreement. This agreement will allow you to receive benefits on income tax.

An application was submitted for an investment loan of 2,5 billion in VEB and the EBRD for the construction of a mining and processing enterprise.

The "Tin Ore Company", which is part of Rusolovo, is re-equipping the Solar GOK with the prospect of starting production in 2015. In the future, the factory will provide an annual production of up to 1 tons of copper and 400 tons of tungsten concentrate. In 2015, tax revenues will amount to 71,5 million rubles, in 2016 year - 170 million rubles. And in 2017 year - 240 million rubles. In April 2014, the Sberbank credit committee approved a loan for the modernization of the factory in the amount of 400 million rubles, and in May, phased financing began.

"There is practically no raw" airbag "

The head of "Dalnedra" Alexander Boyko believes that there will be no jerks in gold mining in the future. "We have reached a critical point. The raw material base was developed in the Soviet years, and it is approaching exhaustion. A possible way to solve the problem is the growth of geological prospecting, as well as the extraction of new minerals, "he asserts.

At the same time, in comparison with other regions, the share of the Khabarovsk Territory itself in the financing of intelligence “is quite high, although the importance of the mining industry is less than, for example, in the Magadan Region”. Moreover, the region is a pilot region, where search licenses are issued for seven years, not five. Since summer, the declarative principle of granting licenses has begun to operate, which should also simplify bureaucratic procedures. “Preparation of deposits for development is still a problem of companies. But our common task is to create in the region the most aggravated conditions for investment, ”the head of“ Dalnedr ”believes.

Natalia Lomakina, the head of the sector of the Institute of Economic Research of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, in her assessments of the mining situation, refers to the large-scale work that a group of scientists of the Institute presented in May at the Economic Council under the governor of the region. "We were tasked to capture the impulse from the resource sector branches to other economic activities of the Khabarovsk Territory, quantify the" power "of such impulses and generally determine the degree of integration of the resource sector into the regional economy, its stimulating (or destimulating) impact," - Explained Natalia Lomakina.

She notes that the Khabarovsk Territory does not belong to those Far Eastern territories, where extraction of minerals is a branch of specialization. Nevertheless, this complex is important not only for the regional economy, but also for certain types of resources - for the national economy. "The dynamics of mining in recent years is mostly positive, having, of course, its own characteristics in the sub-sectors. The structure of the cost of production of the mining complex of the Khabarovsk Territory is ensured by more than 95-97% extraction of precious and non-ferrous metals, and approximately by 3-5% - extraction of common mineral resources and mineral waters, "she notes.

But an important characteristic for the mining complex is not only the supply of operating enterprises with raw materials, but also the state of the undistributed fund. As for highly liquid minerals that form the basis of the Khabarovsk Krai mining complex, there is practically no "resource cushion" for them, the expert notes. So, according to experts from the Ministry of Natural Resources, as of 1 January 2013, in the unallocated fund of Khabarovsk Krai, only 9,6% of total gold reserves remained, including only 3% ore. Platinum - 0%; Of silver 14%. Much better situation with tin - 37% and almost "not selected" hard coal - the share of its reserves in the undistributed fund is 79%.

At the same time, the resource sector has been attractive for investment for many years. In 2011-2013 years in Khabarovsk territory a number of large objects on extraction and processing of precious metals has been entered. In the next few years, new facilities are expected to be commissioned and production growth is forecasted for many key types of minerals in the Khabarovsk Territory. "Our assessment of investment projects of the entire resource complex of the region showed that the maximum effects are expected from projects for the extraction of minerals that provide 80% of the total GRP growth from the project package and 70% of the total increase in budget revenues at all levels. The result is due to the expected scale of investment - 63% of the total investment in a package of resource projects, "notes Natalia Lomakina.

The specialists of the Institute of Evaluation of Dynamics and Prospects of Development of the Resources Sector of the Khabarovsk Territory have revealed, however, a curious pattern. It turned out that the mining complex, generating a significant momentum - and the growth of the output in the category of "Mining" at 1000 rub. Produces an increase in gross output in the region by 1646,4 rub. And earnings for 1280 rub. - does not form the structure of branched connections with the rest of the economy of the region. So, for example, the mining complex generates sufficiently significant inter-branch effects in metallurgy, which is not in the structure of the economy of the region today. "The absence of such production in the territory of the region, firstly, means that this effect" goes "beyond its limits, and secondly, - once again proves the usefulness and the need to move away from the monostructure of the complex. It is necessary to diversify it and create processing industries in the territory of the region, "the expert concludes.


In the nine months of 2014, the mining of precious and non-ferrous metals in the Khabarovsk Territory was:

· Gold - 15 tons, 97% to the plan and 95,3% to the same period in 2013;

· Platinum - 2,25 t, 66,8% to the plan and 70,8% to the same period of the 2013 year;

· Silver - 62,52 t, 103,5% to the plan and 94,8% to the same period of the 2013 year;

· Tin in concentrate - 214,8 t, 161,5% to plan and 146,8% to the same period of 2013 year.

In the territory of the region, ore and placer gold are mined. The bulk of precious metals is extracted by gold mining companies: Mnogovershinnoye CJSC, Okhotsk Mining and Geological Company, Amur Gold, Resources Albazino, Belaya Gora. The extraction of metal in these enterprises amounted to 11,5 tons or 76,4% to the total volume of gold mined in nine months.

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