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"The support of the producers of Kamchatka gives noticeable results"

Deputy Prime Minister of the peninsula Marina Saturday on how to build food self-sufficiency in the north

More meat, vegetables and milk, jams from wild plants, water for export - the development of the agricultural industry and own production of various food products has long become one of the main directions of the economy for Kamchatka. And this work gives results. Thus, in the near future the region will almost completely cover its needs in pork, milk production grows without increasing the number of cows, a feed mill is modernized, farms are developing, and investors engaged in the agricultural sector, including foreign ones, increasingly turn their attention to Kamchatka . More on all this, we talked with the Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Kamchatka Territory, Marina Saturday.

"The support of the producers of Kamchatka gives noticeable results"
Photo: Government of the Kamchatka Territory
- How much is Kamchatka now providing its own food?

- If we talk about milk and dairy products, then in 2013 we had 31%, now 42. For meat, this percentage is less - a little more than 20%. But if we "break" it, then on pork we will soon be closed for 70% due to the commissioning of all the capacities of two pig complexes. Poultry meat is still small about a thousand tons, and we consume about 8,5 thousand tons per year. But even here we are developing production and we plan to close the need for our own meat by 50%. As for the egg, we provide ourselves with 83%. On vegetables - we import about 5% of early potatoes, which we do not have. In general, for vegetables, we close more than 60% with a difference to the products that we do not grow. If we now build a hothouse complex, this percentage will be greater, and we can safely continue to develop.

For food products, we grow each year more than 5%. For example, for bakery products, we had 100% for several years, and now every year plus 1-2% due to the expansion of the range, including through new enterprises.

- But considering the climatic features of the region, its remoteness and closed energy system, the industry hardly came to such results on its own. What support measures do you apply?

- First and foremost, this is the support that we interpret as a method of state regulation of the development of the industry. Not only do we have this support stable for several years, it is also increasing. Since we do not provide ourselves with milk completely, we did not have broiler meat, we concentrated support on this production. If we talk about milk, here we paid more attention to the ration of feeding, quality and work with livestock. We do not increase the number of livestock, we grow by almost 10% in milk production, for three years now. We introduced mixed feeds into the diet, plus improved the quality of harvesting new feeds - these are new technologies, thereby increasing production.

We also help manufacturers and with the sale of their products. Today, a project for the local commodity producers successfully works in Kamchatka. We have nine such sites that work successfully. We plan to open more - not only in the largest settlements (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and Elizovsky District), but also in other municipalities.

- Are there any measures to stimulate enterprises to come in new, better developed existing ones?

- Yes. Firstly, these are new economic mechanisms - the territory of advanced development and the free port of Vladivostok. Secondly, this is our preferential tariff for electricity - only 83 pennies for agricultural producers, it has been in effect for many years. The budget now spends on this subsidy a little over 100 million rubles. When a new investor comes in, he immediately asks - how much is your tariff for agriculture?

If we talk about the conditions - these are the support in the priority areas - they all apply to agriculture. State support - as an incentive, if we had to develop a broiler, we introduced, supported, now the second project is coming. If today we need to develop greenhouse vegetable growing, then there are "hooks". If we are talking about small forms of management, which is important for the regions of the north, the central part, that is, grants to start-up farmers, they also give their results. There is already a successful experience. We will reorient our support, stimulating the development of one or another direction.

- The preferential tariff for electricity is a purely Kamchatka idea?

- Exclusively ours, at the expense of our means. Many regions are surprised and envious. And we are building new energy-saving enterprises. Therefore, if earlier we gave for this purpose from the budget about 115 million rubles, now 105 million. The amount of support is reduced due to the introduction of energy-saving technologies.

- Do they consume less electricity, despite the fact that there are more enterprises?

- Yes.

- You also said that the milk yield increased due to the improvement of the fodder base. How did this happen?

"We have modernized our feed mill, which in recent years has increased production twice, producing products for all animals that are on our farms. The increase in production allows us to reduce the cost of feed. This year, we not only did not increase the cost of feed, despite the fact that grain is growing in price, and even slightly reduced.

- To what extent does the feed mill close the needs of local producers?

- Completely. Although two years ago some manufacturers were transporting from other regions, they said that it was supposedly cheaper. However, the quality was not so high. As a result, by experimenting, filling the cones, everyone came to our local feed mill. We did not force anyone. And today this feed allows us to get good weight gain and milk yield.

- Not so long ago it became known that businessmen from China were interested in Kamchatka water. On the Internet there were accusations that the authorities say that they trade the region's natural resources, and the Chinese will take water from the peninsula by tankers. How things really are?

"No one will take water from the tankers." It's about the fact that we are here in Kamchatka, our plant, pours water into containers, and Chinese partners come and buy it already in the package. As for the statements that we are selling our resources, I can only say one thing: Kamchatka is the most important pool with clean water, and this is a renewable source. I think it's impossible to sell. We sell not even water, but a product from this water, there is no risk here. Moreover, our Chinese partners openly talk about the fact that Kamchatka has the best water, even in comparison with Lake Baikal.

- If we continue the topic with natural resources, how are things going with the development of processing of wild plants in Milkovo? There, this company does not work so long ago.

- Yes, I am glad that the old food factory, which was there, did not disappear. He was restored. They process berries, fern, wild cherry and other wild plants. Now we are working on the issue of creating a cooperative, so that the producer buys wild plants from the population. But people should understand that they will do it stably, uniting in a cooperative. On the other hand - formalized relations, they will understand how much they will receive, etc. This production is quite successful. In the summer they collect, for example, a berry, frost it, and in winter process it. Moreover, today the company is working on export issues.

- Is the possibility of export being considered for other producers?

- Yes, there are such options too. This year we established a regional export center that will help our enterprises enter the international market. If we talk about interregional supplies, then, for example, these are our neighbors in Magadan and Chukotka. We are already trying to send our products there. The same sausages, meat, potatoes. In general, with the development of our enterprises, we are looking at the sales markets, as production is growing every year. But, of course, the primary task is to close the local market and reduce the cost of products for the inhabitants of Kamchatka.
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