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How much is the Internet for the islands?
Connection Kuril to the Internet will cost the budget of the Sakhalin region at least 220 thousand rubles per person
Photo by: skr.su
In late October, we Reported With reference to the head of the Ministry of Communications and Mass Media Nikolai Nikiforov on Twitter, the news about the beginning of the project on laying a submarine communication line on the Kuril Islands. Details, subtleties and prospects of the fiber-optic communication line (FOCL) “Sakhalin - Kuriles” - in the material EastRussia.
Recall that the FOCL, which is a combined - underground-land, will run along the following route: Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk - Kurilsk - Yuzhno-Kurilsk - Krabozavodskoye. The line will be built using the so-called "spectral compaction". The approximate length of the line is 1,4 thousand km. As for its bandwidth, it will be 40 Gbit / s with the possibility of increasing to 800 * 100 Gb / s. Thanks to the implementation of the project on Sakhalin and the Kuriles, it will be possible, in particular, high-speed Internet, VPN, as well as channel rental. Initially, the implementation of the project was expected in time from 2016 to 2018-th year, now its terms have been significantly transferred - the beginning of construction is scheduled for 2018-th year.
From the point of view of financial, the estimated total cost of laying the line is - 3,3 billion rubles, extrabudgetary funds of which - only 600 million rubles. And this is not so much extrabudgetary funds as are being replenished by the Rostelecom budget. Considering how many people live in those inhabited communities, the cable connection of which is supposed to be a project (about 15 thousand people), it turns out that approximately the cost of Internet connection will be more than 220 thousand rubles per person. Or more than half a million rubles for one Kuril family.
In per capita measurement, this line will become a real record holder. For comparison, the system of lines laid by Rostelecom earlier on the route Magadan - Sakhalin - Kamchatka, with a total length of about 2 thousand km, cost 5 billion rubles, taking into account the modernization of the land infrastructure in the Magadan region and Kamchatka Krai. connected to new lines (about 300 thousand people), goes about 17 thousand rubles, that is, more than 13 times cheaper than connecting the Kuril population. At the same time, for example, in Kamchatka an unlimited tariff plan for individuals with data transfer speeds of up to 5 Megabits per second worth 1599 rubles, and to 10 Megabits per second -. 1999 rubles is much harder to account for legal entities - companies will pay for the NL order 70 thousand rubles a month.
At the same time, the source of EastRussia in the All-Russian Research Institute of Cable Industry notes that the planned for the project of the Kuril line 3,3 billion rubles may be inadequate for it - given the prices in Russia. "FOCL with the length of almost 1,5 thousand kilometers - it's still a" serious "object, - the source said. In addition to the cost of a special cable (the price of which, it is worth noting, varies greatly from the depth of the gasket) and the optical amplifiers required for high speed of the Internet and the provision of a wide range of Internet services, it is necessary to spend a lot on renting and purchasing the corresponding equipment for its creation. Including - the freight of special ships that accommodate a large number of cables. Also, a significant expense is the construction of a variety of infrastructure facilities, in particular - on the coast of Sakhalin and each of the islands - Kunashira, Iturup and Shikotan.
"It seems that this Internet cable" Sakhalin - Kuriles "will be the largest of all similar Russian projects," a source in the All-Russian Research Institute of the Cable Industry told EastRussia. "At the same time, its realization in two years is quite real - provided they are engaged professionally, actively and with all the necessary components."
"Of course, from Sakhalin to the Kuriles and between the islands of the ridge, the Internet is required with a higher speed and lower cost," notes Sergey Bekhterev, General Director of AltegroSky. - As everywhere, where there is a population at least elementally using the TV, in these parts of the Internet is in demand. " At the same time, according to the expert, laying the submarine cable is not the only and far from the most rational way to achieve a new quality of the Internet on the islands. An alternative could be the development of an already existing satellite Internet, in which only a few small stations will need to be installed, which will take no more than three months, and the cost will not exceed 1 billion rubles. Moreover, it proves the great optimality of this method and the fact that it is used abroad as well - this is how it provides its sparsely populated territories, for example, Australia. Thus, according to Sergey Pekhterev, Rostelecom and the Communications Ministry, before analyzing the cable, it is necessary to carefully analyze and compare both options - cable laying, development of satellite channels.
Payer one - Sakhalin
However, according to the reports of Rostelecom and the Ministry of Communications, everything has already been weighed and decided - the project with the laying of the line will be implemented, the development of satellite communications is not considered. And the cost of building a fiber optic line almost completely falls on the budget. It is not surprising - according to the head of Rostelecom, Sergei Kalugin [said last April - approx. EastRussia]: “The construction of fiber optic lines in the Kuril Islands only at the expense of the company is unprofitable and is unlikely to ever pay off. While maintaining tariffs in rubles even slightly higher than in the rest of Russia, from an economic point of view, it never pays off ... More precisely, it can pay off, but this requires a very long period. ” In early October of this year, the head of the company clearly stated on what conditions Rostelecom is ready to participate in the project: “The project is non-commercial because it has social significance and the company is ready to participate in it under co-financing from the state.”
Rostelecom does not in this matter, from which budget funds, in the end, will co-finance the project. This conclusion follows from the answer given to EastRussia correspondent in Rostelekom, which indicated that there is no difference in what means - federal or regional - will go to co-finance the project, no. "The construction period does not change. Two years after the start of construction, the fiber optic link will be commissioned, "the company said.
At the same time, according to the latest data, there will be no federal money in the project - the costs will completely cover the budget of the Sakhalin Oblast. Thus, in his recent interview with the TASS, the Minister for the Development of the Far East, Alexander Galushka, announced that the FTP "Socio-Economic Development of the Kuril Islands" will be mainly financed from the budget of the Sakhalin Oblast. From what, accordingly, it turns out that the project of the Kuril Internet cable (reflected in this FTP), in the end, completely fell on the shoulders of Sakhalin.
It is noteworthy that initially such financing of the project was expected - in the summer of 2014, Rostelecom agreed on parity financing of the project with the authorities of the Sakhalin region. However, then the project was estimated only in 2 billion rubles. And at the beginning of 2015, the line already had twice the value - due to the weakening of the ruble. In turn, by the end of 2015-year in the budget of the Sakhalin region for the project, given its increased cost, the funds were already scarce. The lack of budgetary guarantees affected the timing of implementation - Rostelecom did not begin to work without visible horizons for state participation. On the contrary, as soon as in October this year, the media reported that the government approved the allocation of financial resources to the FOL project in the amount of 1,93 billion rubles in 2018 and does not exclude the possibility of continuing to provide them to him at 2019, - Rostelecom announced On active steps to implement the project.
In Minvostokrazvitiya correspondent EastRussia confirmed that "the Government of the Russian Federation has taken all measures to ensure funding for the implementation of this project in full in 2016-2018.Necessary funds in the preparation of the budget for 2017-2019 year laid."
As is known, the main goal of the above-mentioned Federal Target Program (FTP) "Social and Economic Development of the Kuril Islands" [within the framework of which FOL will be financed "Sakhalin-Kuriles"] is the increase in the number of inhabitants of the Kuril Islands. Accordingly, the same project is responsible for the creation of a fiber optic link. Of course, it is unlikely that high-speed Internet, which will appear on the Kuriles thanks to this line, will in itself cause an increase in the number of inhabitants in the Kuril Islands. But the work and recreation of visitors and local people, he obviously will make it much easier. What, along with other factors, will really make their accommodation in the Kuriles comfortable.
It is very interesting how Rostelecom and profile agencies treat the construction of the line. So, in Rostelecom, EastRussia correspondent was told that the project "will solve the issue of the deficit of modern communication services in the population, business and public sector on the Kuriles". At the same time, the company notes that it is rather "not about the cheapness of services, as it is common to think, but about expanding them and so good on the Sakhalin spectrum."
In the Ministry of Communications to the EastRussia correspondent the project did not comment. While in Minvostokrazvitiya Russia stressed that "the establishment of fiber-optic lines within the framework of FTP Kurila is one of the highest priority projects. In particular, the high social significance of the project is confirmed by the need of local residents for high-speed Internet access. Because at the present time its speed on the islands remains at an extremely low level. Laying the same fiber-optic link will radically change the current situation. " The ministry noted that "in the 21st century, there are practically no branches of the economy, the development of which does not depend on the speed and reliability of access to the world information space," which means "there is no doubt that the quality of life on the islands will increase."
At the same time, IT experts interviewed by a correspondent agreed that, in reality, gamers are suffering the most from satellite Internet today. “The time delays that are characteristic of data transmission through the optimally tuned satellite channel do not create severe discomfort even when video communication is established,” said the interlocutor of EastRussia. - But they strongly interfere in the game.