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Will the products of the Komsomol Amurmetal go to the Star?
Dmitry ShcherbakovEditor in Chief EastRussia
Khabarovsk Governor Vyacheslav Shport yesterday held a meeting on the fate of the long-suffering "Amurmetal". And, as colleagues reported, who went with the head of the region in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, after the meeting cheerfully talked about three potential investors. And one of them was even given the floor in front of cameras and voice recorders - I'm talking about the current State Duma deputy (and by a strange coincidence of the candidate for the State Duma deputies in the Komsomolsky District), Sergei Furgal.
The three investors of Amurmetal are, as everyone in the subject knows, said too loudly that In June and explained "b-Far East". In fact, only the local LLC "Torex", connected with the structures of the former business partner of Mr. Furgal, occupies an active position. The company wants for 1 billion rubles. To buy the so-called "single lot" of the production complex "Amurmetalla", which is put up for auction with the price of 2,9 billion rubles. (And so far unsuccessfully sold). Then you still need to invest 10-15 billion rubles. In the modernization of the rolling mill, which will allow the production of ship steel. And further all will be in a jade, representatives of the company believe.
When asked who will consume this ship steel, the answer is sure: for example, the Star Zvezda under construction in the Primorsky Territory.
Alas, the ship's steel "Amurmetal", according to the latest news, is not needed for "Star". On the fields of VEF-2016 it was announced that the Far Eastern Shipbuilding and Shiprepairing Center (controlled by Rosneft and Gazprombank, which are responsible for the construction of Zvezda) intends to build its own metallurgical plant for 330 thousand tons of rolled metal for the needs of the shipyard by investing in it astronomical 145,5 billion rubles. Under the enterprise, they even picked up a site in 400 ha in 100 km from the future shipyard. The shipyard at the first stage will consume 90 thousand tons of metal per year. "Amurmetal" to make steel for the ships that will build the "Star", can not yet (details here).
Mr. Furgal, it is true, Said "Governorates", That the news is not embarrassed. Having said literally the following:
- The idea to put in the Primorye rolling mill for the needs of the "Star" has been in the air for a long time - and this is a good idea. But there is no question of any competition with Amurmetal. First of all, as far as I know, [Primorye] will have completely different capacities, about 30 thousand tons of products per year, whereas a shipbuilding plant needs much more, and secondly, Amurmetal can easily manufacture and sell its products to the rolling complex [For further processing]. Thus, we get useful synergy, increase in value added and solid pluses.
Let's do a little about ship steel.
In 2013, the team of authors compiled the report of the expert council of the chairman of the military industrial commission under the government of the Russian Federation on the prospects of Russian shipbuilding.
It was noted there that:
Steel - this is the only component of the ship mainly domestic production. In the production of ship steel, Russia, in principle, does not need to cooperate with anyone. Russian shipbuilding consumes, according to our estimates, 500-700 thousand tons of steel per year for the amount of 15-20 billion rubles. The main suppliers of ship steel to the domestic market are the Severstal and Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works. There are [at the moment, probably more correct - there were] also supplies from Ukrainian metallurgical plants.
With the domestic hire of shipbuilders, no special problems yet. But it is worth considering that when modernizing production and building new shipyards, the technology of working with hire in shipbuilding will change greatly. For example, it will be possible to use a steel sheet of increased dimensions, which will require metallurgists to switch to a new product range.
Therefore, it is advisable to calculate the need for the construction of mini-metallurgical electric steel smelting plants, one for the shipbuilding cluster. For example, in the Leningrad region (or in Vologda at the CherMK facilities), in Primorsky Krai (especially considering the unfavorable situation at the only metallurgical plant in the Russian Far East - Amur) and on the Volga (under the power of the Nizhny Novgorod and Astrakhan clusters).
Specialized production will improve the quality of the steel used (steelmaking can produce alloy grades), and rolling production can produce the required dimensions, primarily the increased dimensions of the steel plate, which is required to speed up the construction of the vessel, reduce welds and improve the quality of construction. In the metallurgical segment, capacities for the production of steel castings and forgings can also be concentrated especially for the needs of shipyards.
As I understand it, Zvezda needs a thick sheet of a large format: "welding small-sized sheets has a bad effect on the cost of production," it gives rise to an increase in price of 50% in the cost of the hull and up to 10% - "in general on the ship," 2 said September " Rosneft "Igor Sechin. Hence, we need a mill "5000" (it can produce sheet rolling up to 5 meters in length and up to 36 meters).
Back in 2005, the mill of this format in Russia was one - at Izhorskiy plant in Kolpino (Severstal). A small, inherited from the USSR, with an annual capacity of 450 thousand tons and actual production of less than 200 thousand tons per year. In 2008, it was modernized, increasing productivity to 850 thousand tons per year. In 2009, the Magnitogorsk MK launched the 5000 mill with the capacity of 1575 thousand tons per year. In 2011, the "5000 mill" appeared on the Vyksa MZ - the capacity of 1200 thousand tons per year. Total - 3,6 million tons, and they are loaded completely, as the production of the 5000 mill goes mainly to the production of pipes, and Gazprom ordered them well in recent years.
A word to an expert (Evgeny Konovalov, an analyst at Metal Expert):
- Marine steel is carbon steel, the carbon content of which must not exceed 0,23% to ensure the required welding quality. It differs slightly from structural grades in chemical composition and mechanical properties. Such steel is special and must meet the deformation requirements, but at the same time it is relatively inexpensive. At present, the development of high-strength and corrosion-resistant ship steels is promising in order to reduce the weight of rolled products and increase its service life. Such steel is used not only for the construction and repair of river and sea vessels, but also for lifting port equipment and offshore platforms.
The flagship of ship steel production in Russia is Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works and Severstal, which are gradually increasing the production of this type of rolled steel. According to the companies, in 2014 the Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works shipped 78 thousand tons of ship steel to the domestic market (in 2013 - about 60 thousand tons), the Cherepovets Steel Works - more than 37 thousand tons (36 thousand tons - a year earlier). The capacities of the enterprises allow producing special rental for the construction of civil and military vessels, tankers, icebreakers, submarines and equipment. The steel is certified by major classification societies: Det Norske Veritas (Norway), Lloyd's Register of Shipping (UK), Germanischer Lloyd (Germany), American Bureau of Shipping (USA), Bureau Veritas (France), Registro Italiano Navale (Italy), Russian Maritime Register of Shipping, Russian River Register.
By developing production capabilities, Russian metallurgists are counting not only on growth in domestic consumption, but also on the gradual ousting of foreign suppliers. The volume of imports of ship steel over the past 5 years has decreased by 70% (from 26,8 thousand tons in 2010 to 7,8 thousand tons in 2014). The devaluation of the ruble further accelerated the work of Russian import substitution enterprises in this market segment, the priority areas of which are now the construction of large-capacity vessels, drilling vessels and platforms, as well as pipe-laying vessels. For these purposes, it is planned to create the Zvezda shipbuilding complex in the Primorsky Territory, as well as to modernize the shipbuilding capacities of the Severnaya Verf company in St. Petersburg.
In the structure of imports, in the context of steel grades steel ship of increased durability of D32 brand prevailed (in 2010 year it occupied 64% of total ship steel import, in 2014 - a little more than half - 51%) and rolled steel of normal strength grade B (32% - in 2014, 2% - in 2010). Steel grades, technical requirements and range of ship steel are regulated by GOST R 52927-2008 “Rolled steel for shipbuilding from normal, increased and high strength steel. Technical conditions ". Ukraine traditionally remains the key foreign supplier of ship sheet to Russia, although its share in imports is decreasing (in 2010 Ukraine shipped 26,4 thousand tons of rolled metal, in 2014 - 6,9 thousand tons). High quality of ship steel, convenient logistics and low price allow Ukraine to continue to be a key importer in this segment, but the share of supplies in consumption will decrease.
The largest producers of steel plates for shipbuilding steel in Russia are MMK Viktor Rashnikov (deliveries in 2015 - 86 thousand tons) and Severstal Alexei Mordashov (17 thousand tons). According to the information of MMK itself, in 2015, the mill “5000 ″ plant set a record for the shipment of commercial products - 953,3 thousand tons. As you can see, the shipbuilding needs went to less than 1 / 10 from the production of the mill "5000".
According to MMK, according to the railway statistics, by the results of the 2015 year due to the increase in the portfolio of orders for the construction of ships in the Russian Federation, the volume of deliveries of thick plates to Russian shipbuilding enterprises reached 114,8 thousand tons, which is 23,8% higher than the same period of 2014. The increase in demand was due to the production of nuclear icebreakers under the program for the renovation of the icebreaker fleet of the Russian Federation for the state corporations Rosatom and Gazpromneft.
The picture with ship steel, I think, is clear.
Question number one: Does Torex have 1 billion rubles, at least for the purchase of a "single lot"?
The revenue of LLC "Torex" for 2014 year - 675 million rubles. On the financial level, and says that the company has invested more than 400 million rubles in the purchase of a land plot for its project of a mini-factory for 250 thousand tons of steel per year near Khabarovsk. According to the data on the official website of Torex Group, an investment project for the construction of the Khabarovsk Steel Smelting Plant (KhSPZ) with an investment of 5 billion rubles provides for the construction of a modern steelmaking plant with the production of 250 thousand tons of cast billets per year (with the possibility of increasing the output to 310 thousand tons). "According to the approved schedule for the construction and launch of the KhSPZ, reaching the full capacity of 250 thousand tons per year of steel products will be achieved in 2018," the company's website says. In a word, the company expects to attract 5 billion rubles of funds for the production project, but it hardly has an extra billion.
Question number two: does "Torex" have 10-15 billion rubles to upgrade the rolling production of "Amurmetal"? I think, definitely not.
Question number three: who will consume all these products? Counting on the "Star" under the existing scenario is unreasonable.
In the end, we have a good PR, but doubtful prospects.