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Carrying coal, preserving the environment
"East Port" proved: production growth can and must be accompanied by modern environmental measures
"East Port" (along with JSC "Rosterminalugol", Ust-Luga settlement, Leningrad region) - the key stevedore of the Russian coal industry, is a part of the largest Russian coal port holding LLC "Managing Port Company". The total annual turnover of coal terminals controlled by the holding, according to the results of 2016, amounted to 41,5 million tons - more than a third of Russian sea export of coal. The company ships coal to more than 30 countries in all parts of the world. It is expected that to 2019 year the annual volumes of transshipment of this port giant will increase to 56,5 million tons.
This will happen, among other things, due to the commissioning of the third stage of the specialized coal terminal of the "Eastern Port" - a fully automated transshipment complex for closed transshipment, transporting coal from the railway transport to the sea, while providing services for storing and processing coal. This is the unique, largest in the Far East investment project of the Free Port of Vladivostok resident.
The Far East and its transport and logistics infrastructure are in the focus of special attention of the country's leadership. The expansion of the specialized coal terminal Vostochny Port began in 2012, just after the entry into force of President Vladimir Putin's order to build additional export infrastructure in the Far East. The factor also played a role in that, with encouraging forecasts of cargo traffic growth, the coal stevedores of the Far East practically reached their maximum levels in terms of the volume of transshipment.
For 10 years, from 2006 to 2016 years, "East Port" increased cargo turnover by almost 50% - from 16 million tons to 23,5 million tons. Thanks to the third stage of the terminal, the capacity of Russia's largest stevedore stevedore will increase to 39 million tons by the year of 2019. Investments in the project, taking into account the construction of two railway parks, are estimated at 31 billion rubles. Financing of the construction is carried out at the expense of the port holding LLC "Managing Port Company" and the JSC "Vostochny Port", included in its structure, without attracting funds from the state budget.
After the third turn will work at full capacity, its throughput will be 16,5 million tons of cargo per year; the company will additionally create 619 jobs.
The commissioning of the third stage of the operating specialized terminal will be a landmark event not only for the Port Managing Company and the Eastern Port, but also for the entire Russian economy, since it will increase the export of coal products outside the country.
"As a result of 2016, the volume of exports has almost equaled the volume of consumption by the domestic market (167 million tons - domestic market, 165 million tons - exports). If in 2010 the share of exports was 39% of the total volume of coal supplies, now it is almost 50%. Since 2010, Russia's share in the world coal market has grown insignificantly and remained at the level of 11-12%, with the Far Eastern export direction steadily growing, and in 2014 exceeded the northwestern direction. As a result of 2016 in the direction of the Far East, it was exported to 21,3 million tons more than in the direction of the North-West of the Russian Federation. Compared to the 2012 year, the increase in coal transportation volumes in 2016 in the direction of the ports of the Far East was 31,7 million tons against the background of a general decrease in exports to the North-West by 1,9 million tons, "comments Irina, First Deputy General Director of LLC Managing Port Company Olkhovskaya.
But it is necessary to recognize: always, when it comes to such large-scale industrial projects, the question arises about their consequences for the environment. Often, for large companies, production and financial indicators "overshadow" all other considerations. But the coal industry is special: its specificity is such that coal enterprises have the most direct, direct impact on the human environment.
In the "Eastern Port" they say: the financing of environmental measures at the enterprise is growing from year to year. So, if in 2008 the expenses for them were 13,5 million rubles, in 2010 - 15,2 million, then in 2016 they reached 32,3 million rubles. In total, over the last 5 years, from 2012 to 2016 years, the company sent around RUB 1 billion for environmental activities, taking into account the funds that went to modernize the equipment. In 2017, another 150 million is planned for these purposes.
“The most modern technologies for reducing the negative impact on the environment, which are used in world practice, are being introduced in Vostochny Porto. Closed way of unloading cars, moving cargo through a closed conveyor belt, working with wind loads, internal monitoring of the environment, including from the air, and much more. In addition, this year, on behalf of the Governor of Primorsky Krai and under the control of the head of Nakhodka, we developed additional measures that will be implemented in the coming 4 of the year. Thanks to the modernization of the sewage treatment facilities of the port in 2017, the indicators of water samples have improved by a factor of 2,5, ”says Victoria Arsentieva, Head of the Department of Ecology at Vostochny Port JSC.
The third stage of the port uses the best world and Russian technologies, which will minimize the negative impact on the environment. In particular, we are talking about the measures that have already been implemented in JSC "Vostochny Port" and JSC "Rosterminalugol". This is a specialized indoor equipment (a set of car dumpers, unique car dumpers for Russia, wind protection on the way of wagons, covered conveyor belts), and specialized equipment (reclaimers, stackers, ship loaders, trans-barges). All of them to the maximum prevent the release of solid substances into the environment.
From additional environmental protection measures in the ports of the holding company "Managing Port Company", aspiration systems, a system of "dry fog", water irrigation and water treatment are used.
How does it work in practice?
The loaded trains sent to the "Eastern Port", before unloading, fall into covered windbreaks with a total length of 600 meters, which protect the coal from blowing in strong winds in the summer, and in winter allow to maintain the positive temperature inside the open wagons in order to prevent the repeated freezing of coal (after it Defrosting - and this is another "plus" of the enterprise). Unloading of wagons takes place in a closed complex of car dumper equipped with a powerful cyclone air aspiration system and a "dry fog" dust suppression system. Then coal through the underground galleries and covered conveyor lines goes to the warehouse, from there, after the formation of the ship's party, to the ship. For loading coal into ships, ship loading machines (SPM) are used with a height of a multi-storey house, the uniqueness of such machines is that it falls directly into the holds of dry-cargo ships, which excludes the ingress of coal and coal dust into the bay during loading. SPM "East Port" is additionally equipped with water curtain systems for maximum dust suppression during the loading process.
In order to create a protective layer in coal storages, in the summer an irrigation system is used, consisting of 144 industrial spray guns, in the winter the same function is performed by snow blowers. Overflow stations are equipped with special hoods, from there air enters the aspiration systems, where it is further cleaned.
In total, the operating terminals of the "Eastern Port" operate 21 for air purification and 8 wastewater treatment plants around the clock. And this summer the company completed the modernization of water treatment facilities. They represent a cascade of reservoirs, in each of which water from the hydro-washing of car dumpers and sewage pass through a stage-by-stage cleaning, while impurities are almost completely removed from the water. Dewatered sludge from filters is recycled and transported to a special landfill.
But there are things for which we need not so much technology as a normal human attitude, an understanding that nature existed before our arrival in this world and will remain after us. In recent years, tens of millions of fish fry and other marine inhabitants were grown and released into the waters of Primorye on the order of Vostochny Port, which cost the company more than 105 million rubles only in the last three years.
According to the environmental monitoring conducted by the company's own accredited laboratories and third-party experts, Wrangel Bay, in which the industrial giant is located, remains one of the cleanest in the Far East. Samples of water and air taken in these places, not only meet the standards, but also improve. For example, the average monthly amount of dust in the air in the sanitary protection zone of the company since the beginning of 2017 year is much lower than the norm, and the water samples are close to the standards of fishery production.
It is significant that from year to year the work of coal stevedore is provided by whole dynasties of port workers. Technologies change, advanced installations are introduced, but good labor traditions and the highest professionalism of people remain unchanged. Today in the "East Port" 1700 people work, of which a little more than 1200 - residents of the village of Wrangell, located in close proximity to the port.
By the way, the "Eastern Port" became the only stevedore in the Far East, inviting representatives of the public to visit coal terminals.
At the end of 2016, the "Eastern Port" and the administration of the Nakhodka city district signed an agreement on cooperation in the field of environmental safety for 5 years. New environmental measures were developed, which the company will conduct in the next four years. A similar agreement was signed in the summer of 2017 with the State Duma deputy Viktoria Nikolaeva. The management of the "Eastern Port" notes that in matters of environmental security, the consolidated position of the state, society and business is developed, therefore, documents were signed.
Since the inception of the East Port, 390 million tons of coal have been shipped at its berths, 6,6 million wagons have been handled, and 28 thousand vessels have been accepted for loading. For the last 10 years JSC "East Port" has shipped more than 200 million tons of coal products. It is the absolute leader among all coal ports of Russia.