This text is translated into Russian by google automatic human level neural machine.
EastRussia is not responsible for any mistakes in the translated text. Sorry for the inconvinience.
Please refer to the text in Russian as a source.
Sail as a way of life
In the Far East, there must be a yacht cluster
- Alexander Alekseevich, why in Russia they practically don't talk about sailing? We don't even know our outstanding athletes. For example, Viktor Yazykov, who was recognized as the athlete of the year in the United States. He - the winner of the singles race around the world - was greeted as a hero, all the world media wrote about this, except for the Russian ... Why is this happening?
- There is no yachting culture in Russia. I would say more: in Russia there is not only a culture of yachting, but also yachting itself. It has been absent since the 1917 revolution. Before that, in the 18th and 19th centuries the sailing fleet was developing magnificently. Peter I founded the Imperial Yacht Club on the Neva River, which, by the way, was almost a year ahead of the Royal Cork Yacht Club in Crosshaven in Ireland, which appeared in 1720, and which the whole world considers the oldest yacht- Club of the world. In fact, this is not so. The oldest yacht club as a parking place for amusing sailing ships was established by Peter I. Since Peter, the Russian sailing fleet has developed no worse than in Europe and in later years in America.
Directly sailing in the world arose in the second half of the XIX century, when amusing sailing ships began to race. After the revolution, sailing, along with tennis, golf and some other sports, was recognized as bourgeois. In the post-war years, when in the USSR began to pay attention to sports in general, sailing developed, but not as massive as football. For example, we needed to participate in the Olympic Games, we created several clubs - CSKA Navy, Burevestnik, Dynamo, Spartak, Labor Reserves ... At the same time, sailing was more massive than now. In 1990-s, sailing in Russia has experienced very difficult times: yacht clubs closed, the land was taken away. At the end of the 1990-ies, we made many efforts to restore it somehow-not to develop, but to revive. We tried to breathe life into what was left. In the Far East, President of the Primorye Sailing Federation Mikhail Ermakov managed to create a yacht club with a children's school. Honestly, until I can not name a yacht club in our country better than the Vladivostok yacht club "Seven Feet", but by foreign standards it's a tiny parking lot for yachts.
- Though you were the president of the Rostov regional federation of sailing, the topic of the Far East is close to you (you served in the Far East Federal District). How do you assess the state of sailing in the regions of the Far East Federal District?
- That is, in 2014 year, as it was said, the construction of the center will not begin?
- I can not say whether it will begin, but since it has not yet begun, hardly anyone will begin to build something in the winter. While I can say that in general, the level of yachting in Russia is falling. Yes, now there is a growing interest in yachting, but first of all to cruising, and this is a completely different slice. What is sailing? These are children's schools where boys girls are taught the basics of sailing ship management. They chase the Optimist, Cadet classes for children, etc. When the guys reach a certain age 16-17 years (sometimes earlier), they transfer to the Olympic classes of courts, and there are fewer and fewer in our country. Previously, the state provided the Olympic boats, although to a limited extent. Now no one is engaged in the supply of racing boats in yacht clubs. The state provides procurement of Olympic classes exclusively for the national team.
- Does the Taganrog Shipyard produce nothing at the Olympic level?
No one builds boats of the Olympic classes in the country. We asked for a license to build the same "Laser". In the Soviet era, produced "Ray" - a prototype of "Laser", built by the method of economic espionage. Naturally, this boat was not allowed to any international competitions, but it was possible to train. You can produce "Rays", but there is no demand.
Children-youthful yachts such as "Cadet", "Optimist" are made in Togliatti and in St. Petersburg. Now techno-plastic technologies are widespread. Parents often buy boats abroad - they are absolutely not comparable in quality. If we talk about foreign manufacturers, it is mainly Poland.
- Is the situation in the Far East the same or does the proximity of the APR countries tell?
- In the Far East, sailing is most acutely underfunded compared to other regions. Many regattas are held in the central part of Russia, and children have to be exported. There is not enough money, so you have to look for benefactors. Do you think it will be possible to increase funding for sailing in the region and how?
- Do you agree that Vladivostok can become the capital of sailing?
- No, I do not agree. I would like it with all my heart, but the fact is that the main yachting, unfortunately, is concentrated in the European part. And not so much in Russia, as abroad — primarily in the Mediterranean. Even on the Black Sea, we have almost nothing left. In the Far East, there should be a yacht cluster tied to the Asia-Pacific region. Competitions are held mainly in Europe, and the money is allocated about the same for all regions, but one thing from Moscow is to go to Sevastopol, the other is from Vladivostok.
- Yachting is perceived primarily as entertainment for wealthy people. This is partly the case. Boat indicator image and the prestige of the person. But at the same time, a yacht is a sign of the strong character of its owner. You have had such serious social and political work for many years. How do you manage to leave time for sports?
- Yachting is just shaping this character. And it is possible. I set a goal for myself and every minute of me - this or that participation in yachting. The sail for me is not a sport - I live, I work to ensure that when there is an opportunity to break free into the sea.
- For the yachtsman, the most important thing is to "find your wind, go forward, hoping for your strength, not falling into someone else's shadow" (movie "Wind"). What do you think?
- I have a simple motto since childhood - “Either Caesar, or none” (Aut Caesar, aut nihil). Do not take these words literally, but I always strive only forward. And like, looking back, something turns out. And our favorite toast, the words of which are attributed to Admiral Nelson: "For the sailing fleet, Queen of the Seas, for the highest nobility of the ocean." This is true: there is no one above the yachtsman at sea - we conquer the element not with the power of diesel engines or with the steel of powerful ocean liner bodies, but with strength of mind, muscle strength and crew cohesion.