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The feasibility of renewable energy is based on the regions
Egor GrinkevichDeputy Director of the Department of Electric Power Development of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation
- The Government of Yakutia is developing a program to improve energy efficiency in isolated energy regions, including taking into account the replacement of part of the capacity with renewable energy sources. It is clear that RES cannot replace diesel generation, because in a harsh climate it is important to ensure the reliability of supply to consumers. However, reducing the consumption of expensive diesel fuel and replacing it with renewable energy sources is a necessary task. It is clear that renewable energy sources are an expensive pleasure, although today they already compete with diesel generation.
The Ministry of Energy is not involved in the calculation of regional projects. The development of regional energy is the main function of regional authorities. They approve schemes and programs, are responsible for the price situation in the region, especially in isolated areas, territories with state regulation of tariffs.
By order of the Ministry of Energy of Russia from 22.07.2013 No. 380, the Ministry of Energy of Russia approved the Rules for the provision of subsidies from the federal budget to compensate for the cost of technological connection of generating facilities with an installed generating capacity of no more than 25 MW. The grant is granted to the owner of the generating facility in an amount not exceeding 50 percent of the cost of technological connection of the generating facility, but not more than 30 million rubles per generating facility. The cost of technological connection is determined on the basis of actually incurred expenses for technological connection of the generating facility in accordance with the amount of payment for technological connection, established by the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of electric power industry. So far, no applications have been received, but there is still time before September 1 to do this.
The federal goals of supporting renewable energy are formulated as the implementation and creation of conditions for localizing the production of power equipment in the territory of the Russian Federation according to three technologies. These are renewable energy sources based on the sun, wind and water (small hydroelectric power plants). The corresponding legal and regulatory framework is implemented through the capacity market mechanisms and through the capacity market supply agreements, which provide investors with a return on investment, but at the same time impose certain requirements on localizing the production of generating equipment. By order of the government indicated the price parameters of the contractual relationship. This mechanism works for the second year. Last year, the selection of relevant projects. Enough large volumes were taken for wind energy and solar energy. Recently completed the selection of projects for this year. We see large volumes of solar energy, but, unfortunately, small amounts of wind and small hydro. 51 MW of power selected for wind power, 21 MW of hydropower. At the same time, significant volumes were selected for solar energy, where there is a very competitive situation: for some objects, the cost has decreased by 18% of those limits set by the government of the Russian Federation. Two years of work show that the program is successful in solar energy, there are questions and problems in wind energy and small hydroelectric power plants. In the near future we will leave with the adjustment of the material and legal base within this direction.