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Have cooled appetites

In the Far Eastern FTP have found an indivisible balance

Have cooled appetites

Representatives of the Far Eastern regions and officials of the Ministry for the Development of the Far East discussed the forthcoming work on the practical implementation of the law on territories of advanced development, as well as the launch of industrial mega projects in the region. Details - in the report of EastRussia.

At a meeting of the interregional association "Far East and Transbaikalia" in Khabarovsk, local officials tried to attract the attention of the deputy head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, Kirill Stepanov, and the funds of the Far Eastern FTP to solve the long-standing problems of their territories. However, their federal colleague in the discussions defended the main priority of the current version of the program - support for priority development areas and the implementation of export-oriented investment projects. As it became clear after the meeting, there is a shortage of funds here, but half a year ago there was no confidence in receiving 42 billion rubles, which the ministry had already managed to knock out for this purpose.

Not a law, but a locomotive depot

Kirill Stepanov, Deputy Head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, reminded the audience that 2014 was devoted to preparatory work. A law on TORs and a government decree No. 255 on the procedure for selecting priority investment projects "which are being implemented outside the TORs, but are directly related to the formation of growth points in the Far East" were adopted. A subcommittee of the government commission for the development of the Far East, chaired by Yuri Trutnev, has been formed to select priority projects.

The algorithm of this process is as follows: first, the regions, together with investors, determine promising areas of priority development, the required infrastructure facilities that must be rebuilt or reconstructed. These proposals will be worked out at the meetings of the working group in the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East. With the participation of the regions, the indicators of projects will be specified at the stage of planning regional budgets. After working out at the ministerial level, the projects will be submitted to the subcommittee of the government commission for the development of the Far East, headed by Deputy Prime Minister and Plenipotentiary Yuri Trutnev. “They will be additionally discussed at the subcommittee, we will hear the position of the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Economic Development, and on the basis of the decision of the subcommittee, acts of the government of the Russian Federation on the establishment of the TOP will be prepared. In the draft act, when it will be submitted for discussion by the government, it should be clearly defined what objects need to be created in a given territory of advanced development. This will be an additional tool for clarifying regional programs and financing parameters from regional budgets, ”explained the Deputy Minister for Development of the Far East.

At the same time, as noted by Mr. Stepanov, the federal law directly spelled out the role of subjects and local governments in the formation of the TOP. At the stage of formation of territories of advanced development, the ministry will work out agreements on interaction with the regions, and within their framework, resolve issues that remain not regulated by the Federal Law. “These are land issues, issues of transfer of real estate located on these sites, issues of financing, taxation,” he listed.

The official reminded representatives of the regions that at the end of December 2014, a draft federal target program for the development of the Far East and the Baikal region, adjusted by the ministry of Alexander Galushka, was sent to the regions for approval. “I want to say right away that resources are limited. But with the support of extra-budgetary sources and funds from the consolidated budgets of the regions, it is possible to promote key projects. What we proceeded from when forming the program - transport infrastructure is certainly important, but insufficient in ensuring the development of the Far East, and two tasks - support of priority investment projects and the creation of a TOP are precisely aimed at creating separate centers of economic growth, which, like locomotives, will ensure the development of production in The Far East as a whole, ”he said.

As part of the new FTP project, it is planned to extend the implementation until 2018, to preserve the formation of the transport infrastructure, "and most importantly, to lay the tools and mechanisms for financial support for the creation of TORs in the Far East," said Kirill Stepanov. Now for the expenses that arose in the Far Eastern FTP in connection with the creation of TOPs and the implementation of priority investment projects, additional allocations in the amount of 211 billion rubles are provided, including 42 billion rubles. on the creation of territories of advanced development.

However, the official recalled that due to a 10% reduction in all budget expenditures instead of the 7 billion rubles planned for this year. for ASEZ, 6,3 billion rubles are expected. allocations, "but this is not a final decision, these limits can be adjusted up or down." At the same time, one of the criteria for selecting sites will be the availability of developed regional state programs to support the creation of TOPs and the development of priority investment projects.

Back at a meeting in Yakutsk in September 2014, Vladimir Putin asked the regions to develop measures aimed at supporting the creation of PDAs and the development of priority investment projects. “How do we see the implementation of this order? In each region, regional state programs should be formed, since now the federal budget is formed according to the principles of co-financing and project-targeted financing of regional projects. Funds should be provided for in regional budgets and regional programs. Based on the latest guidelines, if we are not talking about highly subsidized regions, but these include most regions of the Far East, about 30% of co-financing should be included in the parameters of the regional budget, the federal part will be 70%, '' the representative of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East explained. - At this stage, we cannot say for sure in what volumes the regional budget will be required for the formation of TORs, but within the framework of budget planning of regional budgets, I propose to allocate the corresponding amounts. Because the financing mechanism for FTP activities will be based on the unbundling of two major events. Now it is absolutely impossible to say absolutely exactly what infrastructure facilities will be required in certain ASEZs or within the framework of investment projects ”. According to the official, this draft federal target program is not final, it will still "undergo discussion and approval in the ministries."

Investors and Passport Control

Elena Vasilenko, Deputy Governor of the Jewish Autonomous Region, pointed out how difficult it is to plan support for investment projects in conditions of budgetary and organizational uncertainty. According to her, investors who already have projects and are trying to get government support for them must do a lot of paperwork for this. “But judging by the amounts that will be allocated for support, and they are insignificant ... Is there any point in spending funds on examinations, financial statements - when, in principle, there is no possibility of counting on funding, after several projects have already been selected and the number of new ones goes off scale requests for funds that are in the federal target program? ", - she turned to the Deputy Minister for Development of the Far East. In particular, she gave an example, this is the position of the company "Petropavlovsk - Ferrous Metallurgy", which is going to build the Kimkano-Sutarsky GOK. “The enterprise is stable, the investor is stable, work is underway - but the likelihood of receiving funds for infrastructure development from the federal budget - as well as the timing of receiving the money - is unacceptable. What should be done for those regions whose projects were included in the list (at the end of December, the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East published a preliminary list of investment projects - completely ready for implementation, requiring minor clarifications, and in need of serious study. - author annotation), but have not yet met all the requirements and are moved to the end of the list? And for everything that is on the list, the state funds are no longer enough! ”Said Elena Vasilenko. According to her, the preparation of all the conclusions on the project, whose funding is also not guaranteed, is very expensive for the investor: “This is tens of millions of rubles. As for the Kimkano-Sutarsky GOK, if I am not mistaken, there are already one hundred and ninety million. Maybe this part of the project should at least not be done before being included in the lists? "

Kirill Stepanov agreed with this proposal: the permitting documentation is needed at the stage of consideration of the project at the subcommittee: “We will go the following way. Now, of course, investors cannot be given recommendations to prepare all permits for their own money for the objects that they are planning. But we must go in parallel - if the program is adopted in the current version, we will ensure the distribution of those additional allocations between the TOP and investment projects. After that, when we have a general funding framework, we review the applications. And at the stage of these applications, it is not necessary to have project documentation, especially approved by the Glavgosexpertiza. You must have a business plan, you must have passports of investment projects. "

Shapeless Pumping

Money issues worried about the head of the Ministry of Economy of the Amur Region Vasily Orlov, according to him, there is not enough funds even to complete the current projects of "high importance" provided for by the previous edition of the FTP. In particular, we are talking about measures for bank protection and reconstruction of the Amur embankment in the Blagoveshchensk region. At the same time, the official admitted, “taking into account the crisis phenomena,” it is necessary to support projects of a high degree of readiness aimed at import substitution and food security. “We are preparing three ASEZs, one of which will work exactly, I mean efficiently - the gas chemical plant SIBUR, but there are a number of issues with the land, with the management company, with infrastructure, there are a lot of questions. I propose in the near future to convene a meeting in the ministries on such practical issues, ”he turned to the Deputy Federal Minister.

In addition, a package of documents on the creation of the Predmostovaya Special Industrial and Production Economic Zone is fully prepared in the region, “it passed all the approvals, except for the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, the documents were submitted in November, the investment project is fully designed for private investment, not a penny of federal money is needed ... But we cannot create either the ASEZ or the economic zone, there are no relevant regulatory documents. For TORs, by-laws will be written for another year. You can start working on the special zone even today, but the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East does not agree. We ask you to create both SEZ and TORs in the region, ”he said.

Arguing against his Amur colleague, Kirill Stepanov noted that all by-laws on the territories of advanced development will be written "for a year." Despite the fact that these documents are not currently available, the ministry is already considering specific projects for priority development territories, four TOPs, recognized as priority ones, are prepared for creation in the coming years, "but this does not mean that work on others will not be carried out." As the deputy minister added, the deadline for introducing bylaws to the law on TORs to the government is set until March 1, and by April 1, all acts should be adopted.

Regarding other projects, which the representative of the Amur Region spoke about, the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East is aware that "if there were money, the question would be removed." Moreover, there are not enough funds even for the already selected promising investment projects. “What will happen if, within the framework of the federal target program, we allocate 2 billion for engineering structures and the embankment of Blagoveshchensk? This means that out of the 7 billion rubles planned for 2015 and intended to finance the most important projects, we withdraw more than 30%! ”He argued. According to Kirill Stepanov, it is necessary to look for other sources of funding. So, funds for water protection can be found within the framework of the targeted program of the Ministry of Natural Resources, about which there is an order from Yuri Trutnev. “You all know that in the current conditions the government’s principle is not to start new infrastructure projects, finish old ones,” the deputy minister, however, cooled the appetites of regional officials.

However, this did not stop their attempts to link the creation of priority development territories with the solution of long-standing problems. Thus, Marina Avilova, head of the department of state programs of the Ministry of Economy of the Khabarovsk Territory, reminded the audience that there are two objects in the region that were also supposed to be financed under the Federal Target Program, the Tunguska water intake and the water intake demanganization complex in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. It is in these cities that two priority TOPs will be created. But the budgetary allocations for these hydro-objects were frozen, appeals to the federal authorities did not bring any results: "all federal ministries say that this is the competence of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East."

In addition, the bewilderment of officials caused the need to register in regional programs and budgets activities to support the TORs and investment projects. And lend financing from the calculation of 30% of regional funds at 70% of the federal will be in the conditions of optimizing the regional budget. But how to understand what to prescribe in them, if neither the volumes of federal subsidies are known, nor the specific measures to be financed?

“I can advise - see how our FTP is being built. This is one of the reasons why we did not follow the path of object-by-object distribution of funds for the implementation of its activities. And we see in this in the current situation more pluses than minuses. Plan your expenses, not exactly, not to the ruble - so that the parameters of your budget include the implementation of these projects, ”the federal official shared his thoughts. As for the two long-term construction projects mentioned by the Khabarovsk official in Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Khabarovsk, then if the region can prove that certain objects are directly related to the formation of the infrastructure of the TOP, sources will be found for their creation.

Distribution rod

The Minister of Economy of the Trans-Baikal Territory Sergey Novichenko noted that taking into account the decisions taken within the framework of the anti-crisis plan, a group of Baikal regions prepared an appeal to the Prime Minister to prevent the FTP from sequencing, and would like to be joined by the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District. He also noted that under the FTP in the province, allocations are made for not very effective measures, such as the construction of access roads to sparsely populated areas, while the edge is denied the reconstruction of a number of airfields, and the energy supply of Bystrinsky GOK is also in question. This idea was developed by his federal counterpart, saying that it should generally be re-targeted funding from inefficient construction projects, as well as unfinished investment projects for more needed facilities.

Deputy Minister of Economic Development of the Sakhalin Region Irina Yakunina said that 3,2 billion rubles, which were allocated in 2014 for the development of ferry communication between the island and the mainland, were “spent” in the anti-crisis measures. Rosmorport held a tender for a general contract (for the construction of new ships. - author annotation), but the general contractor was undecided. “The funds will be restored, given that this is the main way of communication with the mainland, because it is the federal customer that has not fulfilled its obligations? And ferries are vital for us, they will be out of order by 2020! ”, The official complained.

The deputy head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East called this case "a textbook example of how not to work." The program for the construction of passenger ships was planned in 2013, certain financing parameters were laid down in it, the measures were being prepared urgently. “Their consequences and the capabilities of domestic shipyards were not assessed. As a result, when they began to review the tender materials, a discrepancy in terms of time, prices and quality was revealed. There were also subjective reasons when the competition was not conducted effectively enough ... We know the result, - he confirmed the worst fears of Sakhalin residents, - the money went into the anti-crisis program. Kirill Stepanov said that the ministry had asked to restore these funds from the anti-crisis fund for the construction of ships from 2015 or from 2016 ... But due to a real increase in the price of a possible contract, the regional authorities will have to decide: instead of two ferries there will be one - either a cargo-passenger or bulk. At the same time, he noted, in the event of a redistribution of FTP funds, it is necessary to take into account the needs of other regions, which in one way or another lose the infrastructure they need.

The idea to redistribute funds between regions, if in any of them an unfinished infrastructure facility or the documentation on an investment project is not finalized, did not please the Minister of Investments and Entrepreneurship of the Kamchatka Territory, Oksana Gerasimova. “We propose to carry out redistribution within the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Today, for those allocations that go through the executive authorities of the constituent entities, the execution is one hundred percent. Of the planned 3,5 billion rubles. regional RUB 800 million fully mastered. At the same time, if the executors are federal authorities, the execution leaves much to be desired. For example, the airport in the village of Ossora. During the state expert examination, the cost was reduced by 300 million rubles, while the general contractor, approved by the government's order, refused to sign the agreement, to date it has not been signed. It turns out that funds for this facility were not transferred last year! "

The representative of Kamchatka asked the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East for help in controlling the federal departments: "There is a proposal for a meeting in the ministry with representatives of federal agencies that build or reconstruct these facilities, whether they are ready to use the funds in full this year." Another "unpleasant surprise" to which, surprisingly to Oksana Gerasimova, her colleagues "reacted calmly" was the 30/70 co-financing scheme. “When our governor, at a meeting of the government commission in Yakutsk, raised the issue that 20% is too much for us, we talked about 5%, and the head of the region, Vladimir Ilyukhin, assumed obligations for this 5% - we understood that this was a lifting amount. Today three investment projects have been selected in Kamchatka, their approximate cost is 3,8 billion rubles, and 30% is more than 1 billion rubles. With our budget of 57 billion rubles, this is unrealistic. In the TOPs - one in a high degree of readiness, got the first in the top four. This is another 7,4 billion rubles, and we simply cannot physically find 30% of this amount. An individual approach is needed here not only to the Kamchatka Territory, but also to the regions of the Far East in general, ”she complained.

However, as the federal deputy minister assured the Kamchatka minister, the subsidized status and the uniqueness of the peninsula were taken into account, "you will be given 5%."

The first deputy chairman of the government of Yakutia, Pavel Marynychev, also started by listing a wide list of the republic's projects, which, like in many regions, have been in limbo since last year (although there are no problems with the creation of TORs, he assured us). However, it was he who expressed a general question that bothered everyone, and was not explicitly asked by other participants in the meeting.

“Probably, the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East is working to increase funding for FTP activities. In general, is there any light at the end of the tunnel? Because all colleagues are looking at you with hope! " - these words he addressed to Kirill Stepanov.

"There is always hope ..."

"And will he die last?"

“Listen, in the middle of last year we did not expect, before the budget commission was held, that we would receive 42 billion. But didn't they? - the Deputy Minister for Development of the Far East appealed to the results already obtained. Therefore, there is always hope. Therefore, the main thing now is to work in a very coordinated manner for everyone according to the FTP. If we don't work, the money will come and go. It is necessary to adopt the program, and then we will have an application for further budget financing. "

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