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Have cooled appetites
In the Far Eastern FTP have found an indivisible balance
At a meeting of the interregional association "Far East and Transbaikalia" in Khabarovsk, local officials tried to attract the attention of the deputy head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, Kirill Stepanov, and the funds of the Far Eastern FTP to solve the long-standing problems of their territories. However, their federal colleague in the discussions defended the main priority of the current version of the program - support for priority development areas and the implementation of export-oriented investment projects. As it became clear after the meeting, there is a shortage of funds here, but half a year ago there was no confidence in receiving 42 billion rubles, which the ministry had already managed to knock out for this purpose.
Not a law, but a locomotive depot
Kirill Stepanov, Deputy Head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, reminded the audience that 2014 was devoted to preparatory work. A law on TORs and a government decree No. 255 on the procedure for selecting priority investment projects "which are being implemented outside the TORs, but are directly related to the formation of growth points in the Far East" were adopted. A subcommittee of the government commission for the development of the Far East, chaired by Yuri Trutnev, has been formed to select priority projects.
At the same time, as noted by Mr. Stepanov, the federal law directly spelled out the role of subjects and local governments in the formation of the TOP. At the stage of formation of territories of advanced development, the ministry will work out agreements on interaction with the regions, and within their framework, resolve issues that remain not regulated by the Federal Law. “These are land issues, issues of transfer of real estate located on these sites, issues of financing, taxation,” he listed.
The official reminded representatives of the regions that at the end of December 2014, a draft federal target program for the development of the Far East and the Baikal region, adjusted by the ministry of Alexander Galushka, was sent to the regions for approval. “I want to say right away that resources are limited. But with the support of extra-budgetary sources and funds from the consolidated budgets of the regions, it is possible to promote key projects. What we proceeded from when forming the program - transport infrastructure is certainly important, but insufficient in ensuring the development of the Far East, and two tasks - support of priority investment projects and the creation of a TOP are precisely aimed at creating separate centers of economic growth, which, like locomotives, will ensure the development of production in The Far East as a whole, ”he said.
However, the official recalled that due to a 10% reduction in all budget expenditures instead of the 7 billion rubles planned for this year. for ASEZ, 6,3 billion rubles are expected. allocations, "but this is not a final decision, these limits can be adjusted up or down." At the same time, one of the criteria for selecting sites will be the availability of developed regional state programs to support the creation of TOPs and the development of priority investment projects.
Back at a meeting in Yakutsk in September 2014, Vladimir Putin asked the regions to develop measures aimed at supporting the creation of PDAs and the development of priority investment projects. “How do we see the implementation of this order? In each region, regional state programs should be formed, since now the federal budget is formed according to the principles of co-financing and project-targeted financing of regional projects. Funds should be provided for in regional budgets and regional programs. Based on the latest guidelines, if we are not talking about highly subsidized regions, but these include most regions of the Far East, about 30% of co-financing should be included in the parameters of the regional budget, the federal part will be 70%, '' the representative of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East explained. - At this stage, we cannot say for sure in what volumes the regional budget will be required for the formation of TORs, but within the framework of budget planning of regional budgets, I propose to allocate the corresponding amounts. Because the financing mechanism for FTP activities will be based on the unbundling of two major events. Now it is absolutely impossible to say absolutely exactly what infrastructure facilities will be required in certain ASEZs or within the framework of investment projects ”. According to the official, this draft federal target program is not final, it will still "undergo discussion and approval in the ministries."
Investors and Passport Control
Kirill Stepanov agreed with this proposal: the permitting documentation is needed at the stage of consideration of the project at the subcommittee: “We will go the following way. Now, of course, investors cannot be given recommendations to prepare all permits for their own money for the objects that they are planning. But we must go in parallel - if the program is adopted in the current version, we will ensure the distribution of those additional allocations between the TOP and investment projects. After that, when we have a general funding framework, we review the applications. And at the stage of these applications, it is not necessary to have project documentation, especially approved by the Glavgosexpertiza. You must have a business plan, you must have passports of investment projects. "
In addition, a package of documents on the creation of the Predmostovaya Special Industrial and Production Economic Zone is fully prepared in the region, “it passed all the approvals, except for the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, the documents were submitted in November, the investment project is fully designed for private investment, not a penny of federal money is needed ... But we cannot create either the ASEZ or the economic zone, there are no relevant regulatory documents. For TORs, by-laws will be written for another year. You can start working on the special zone even today, but the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East does not agree. We ask you to create both SEZ and TORs in the region, ”he said.
Arguing against his Amur colleague, Kirill Stepanov noted that all by-laws on the territories of advanced development will be written "for a year." Despite the fact that these documents are not currently available, the ministry is already considering specific projects for priority development territories, four TOPs, recognized as priority ones, are prepared for creation in the coming years, "but this does not mean that work on others will not be carried out." As the deputy minister added, the deadline for introducing bylaws to the law on TORs to the government is set until March 1, and by April 1, all acts should be adopted.
However, this did not stop their attempts to link the creation of priority development territories with the solution of long-standing problems. Thus, Marina Avilova, head of the department of state programs of the Ministry of Economy of the Khabarovsk Territory, reminded the audience that there are two objects in the region that were also supposed to be financed under the Federal Target Program, the Tunguska water intake and the water intake demanganization complex in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. It is in these cities that two priority TOPs will be created. But the budgetary allocations for these hydro-objects were frozen, appeals to the federal authorities did not bring any results: "all federal ministries say that this is the competence of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East."
In addition, the bewilderment of officials caused the need to register in regional programs and budgets activities to support the TORs and investment projects. And lend financing from the calculation of 30% of regional funds at 70% of the federal will be in the conditions of optimizing the regional budget. But how to understand what to prescribe in them, if neither the volumes of federal subsidies are known, nor the specific measures to be financed?
The Minister of Economy of the Trans-Baikal Territory Sergey Novichenko noted that taking into account the decisions taken within the framework of the anti-crisis plan, a group of Baikal regions prepared an appeal to the Prime Minister to prevent the FTP from sequencing, and would like to be joined by the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District. He also noted that under the FTP in the province, allocations are made for not very effective measures, such as the construction of access roads to sparsely populated areas, while the edge is denied the reconstruction of a number of airfields, and the energy supply of Bystrinsky GOK is also in question. This idea was developed by his federal counterpart, saying that it should generally be re-targeted funding from inefficient construction projects, as well as unfinished investment projects for more needed facilities.
The deputy head of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East called this case "a textbook example of how not to work." The program for the construction of passenger ships was planned in 2013, certain financing parameters were laid down in it, the measures were being prepared urgently. “Their consequences and the capabilities of domestic shipyards were not assessed. As a result, when they began to review the tender materials, a discrepancy in terms of time, prices and quality was revealed. There were also subjective reasons when the competition was not conducted effectively enough ... We know the result, - he confirmed the worst fears of Sakhalin residents, - the money went into the anti-crisis program. Kirill Stepanov said that the ministry had asked to restore these funds from the anti-crisis fund for the construction of ships from 2015 or from 2016 ... But due to a real increase in the price of a possible contract, the regional authorities will have to decide: instead of two ferries there will be one - either a cargo-passenger or bulk. At the same time, he noted, in the event of a redistribution of FTP funds, it is necessary to take into account the needs of other regions, which in one way or another lose the infrastructure they need.
The representative of Kamchatka asked the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East for help in controlling the federal departments: "There is a proposal for a meeting in the ministry with representatives of federal agencies that build or reconstruct these facilities, whether they are ready to use the funds in full this year." Another "unpleasant surprise" to which, surprisingly to Oksana Gerasimova, her colleagues "reacted calmly" was the 30/70 co-financing scheme. “When our governor, at a meeting of the government commission in Yakutsk, raised the issue that 20% is too much for us, we talked about 5%, and the head of the region, Vladimir Ilyukhin, assumed obligations for this 5% - we understood that this was a lifting amount. Today three investment projects have been selected in Kamchatka, their approximate cost is 3,8 billion rubles, and 30% is more than 1 billion rubles. With our budget of 57 billion rubles, this is unrealistic. In the TOPs - one in a high degree of readiness, got the first in the top four. This is another 7,4 billion rubles, and we simply cannot physically find 30% of this amount. An individual approach is needed here not only to the Kamchatka Territory, but also to the regions of the Far East in general, ”she complained.
However, as the federal deputy minister assured the Kamchatka minister, the subsidized status and the uniqueness of the peninsula were taken into account, "you will be given 5%."
The first deputy chairman of the government of Yakutia, Pavel Marynychev, also started by listing a wide list of the republic's projects, which, like in many regions, have been in limbo since last year (although there are no problems with the creation of TORs, he assured us). However, it was he who expressed a general question that bothered everyone, and was not explicitly asked by other participants in the meeting.
“Probably, the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East is working to increase funding for FTP activities. In general, is there any light at the end of the tunnel? Because all colleagues are looking at you with hope! " - these words he addressed to Kirill Stepanov.
"There is always hope ..."
"And will he die last?"