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The remaining pay for those who left
Why the Far East is leaving and whether it is necessary to fight this
Photo: Kuriles, oh. Seals shutterstock.com
Professor, Head of the Department of Philosophy and Culturology of the Pacific State University, Doctor of Philosophy
About the fact that the region is leaving, only the specially trained blindly-mute-dumb hermit does not know. This is not statistics. This is visible even to the naked eye process. Less is the guests at a friendly table, less familiar faces on the streets. And simply - we are less. Games with statistics, with the technology of accounting gradually cease to give the desired result. Even in the ministry responsible for our "breakthrough" development, they admit that the residents are fleeing. They are offered, including by the author of these lines, the most various recipes of salvation from this misfortune. There are forums and conferences, meetings and brainstorming sessions. True, their effect is not particularly obvious. They're running. People who several years ago laughed at the very idea of moving, today, in a whisper, admit: Yes, I took a mortgage (build a house) in Kislovodsk (Crimea, Krasnodar). This creates a special, not too joyful background for residents, asks hysterical notes in the speeches of the powers that be.
At the same time, the question is not even discussed: how much do you need? How many people should be in the region? What are they supposed to do there? Why do you need to "consolidate" the population here and attract a new one? No, emotionally everything is very clear. It's sad to look at empty apartments in high-rise buildings, collapsing production, trade, transportation. It's incredibly sad to say goodbye to friends and family. Yesterday they were, but today they disappeared. That is, they did not disappear, of course. Internet, phone create the illusion of their availability. But not for long. It takes a couple of years, and you realize that this is an illusion.
It is much more difficult to understand panic at a rational level, especially at the level of state structures. But they are. Both recipes are offered and programs are developed. And let's ban vodka. We will have the Far East healthy. Will multiply and multiply. And let's create some jobs with a “decent salary”? We will distribute land, we will build a bridge, and on that bridge there will be benches with all the goods needed by the peasants. Projects are all multiplying. Only the effect of them is not noticeable. What is the matter?
Let's figure it out. At the most superficial and coarse level. With the existing level of salaries (not at all high) and the available volume of the regional product, we will get a "natural" population - a little over three million people. So much can feed the Far East with the existing system of management. This number of residents here will be quite comfortable.
If the population is larger, and the type of economy is preserved, then it means that resources need to be transferred from somewhere, money, food, etc. When the state has these funds, which has decided to populate the region at all costs, then there are no problems. People live. They are doing something. They receive a salary, buy food, clothes, and something else that is necessary for life. Consume services of health care, culture, education. In a word, everything is quite emotional. One problem is not Far Eastern money, but imported products, goods, services. As soon as there are fewer of them for the state, inevitable problems begin for the Far East. The standard of living is falling, not just "declining" but production collapsing, jobs disappearing. After all, they were created not so much to produce something consumable, in demand, but "to be." It was while money was coming from outside.
Today, the region is experiencing just such a period of "compression". Not at all the first in its history. After all, in the Soviet years, most of the region's population did not have a relationship to the regional economy. They were military men and their family members, employees of the Ministry of Defense, workers of enterprises of the military-industrial complex, prisoners, etc. The rest simply could not feed them. That is why it was necessary to import food and raw materials, technologies and settlers, consumer goods and machine tools into the region. As soon as such an opportunity disappeared, the people went amicably from these, not particularly habitable places.
Something similar is happening today. Megaprojects and related resource flows are over. Reducing resources destroys jobs created "to be." Salaries are being cut, living standards are falling. People are leaving. Reducing the number of residents makes senseless work in the region of large retail chains, leading to high cost of transport, increase in tariffs, density of checks. The rest pay for those who left. This also affects the life of the Far East, adding arguments to supporters of departure. And in this situation, the migration from the region, the pushing of the population to the few remaining major cities is a completely objective thing. With the existing (raw material) type of management, the Far East is a labor-surplus region. And indicators of population density, which are operated by proponents of attraction and consolidation, are completely different.
Could it be otherwise? Yes of course. You just need to change the type of management - stop developing and regulating it. Do you, dear statesmen, have no more money? It happens. Not the first time. Are you tired of investing astronomical sums in the region, getting a big and beautiful zilch at the end? Also an understandable feeling. Reconcile with the fact that some more people will leave. Not because they are worse or weaker. There is just excess here. And the rest, no matter how monstrous it sounds, release from custody. Stop controlling every step of an entrepreneur, an official, a doctor, a teacher, or a self-employed person. Reasonable people live here - they themselves will agree. Take all your licenses, permits, regulations, instructions, regulations and put them on the far shelf. They will be fine there. Transfer what will not fit to the municipal level.
Let people work on the ground if they can. And respected people, chosen by them, will divide this land for them. In fairness. No? They just won't be chosen next time. Especially if you remove all restrictions and "filters". Let people trade if they have a soul for it. They will not trade well, they simply will not buy from them and they will go broke. Therefore, let the "resolvers" stand aside for now. Let the doctor open a private clinic. There is no need to check and control it. He heals badly - they won't go to him. There is nothing wrong if a good teacher opens a private school, and a university teacher opens a private university. Is there a consumer? Let people work for him. Do you want to collect taxes? Normal desire. Provide the services that these same workers and consumers need that they will buy from you. These will be taxes. After all, an official, a policeman, and a judge are quite necessary people on the farm. Especially when they work not for myths and reporting indicators, but for specific problems and specific people. Among other things, you need to take care of the sick, left without care, of the elderly. There will be plenty of work. The diversity of cultural and intellectual life is added here in fact. It will not be in the "ratings", but simply what the residents will need, what they will agree to pay for.
And then, without investing megacums in megaprojects, not tomorrow, but not through the centuries you (we) will receive (receive) the Far East, which feeds itself, from which it does not leave. On the contrary, people will go to a well-fed region with huge reserves of everything in the world. People who are not attracted by powerful PR and benefits will go, but simply because it is more convenient to live here. Not tens of millions of people (yet not Florida or Thailand), but hundreds and hundreds of thousands of immigrants. And they will go to work not as supervisors and officials, not for jobs “to be”, but for demanded production facilities, organizations, structures. Well, or just to start your own business.