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The reverse side of "hectare"

EastRussia listened to the fact that officials are asked by the most active and seemingly successful participants of the program

They are not deprived of attention at the highest level: they meet with Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, stand behind counters with "taiga" products at the "Days of the Far East in Moscow", speak at conferences and maintain their own blogs. The foremost people in the development of the "Far Eastern hectare" seem to be happy to present everywhere and to everyone - it is a living example of the fact that the program of free allocation of land in the Far East is working. However, having watched closely the happy owners of business and houses under construction on "hectares", EastRussia comes to the conclusion that this gingerbread is not on all sides sweet.

The reverse side of "hectare"
Photo: Sergey Surovtsev at a meeting of hectares with Khabarovsk governor Vyacheslav Shport / Press Service of the Government of Khabarovsk Territory

Young and active recipients of the "Far Eastern hectare" authorities have been invited for various conferences and business forums for several years, they are hosting tea parties with high-ranking inspirers of the idea and give the opportunity to present their products at trade fairs (the most status-based of which were the first "Days of the Far East" in Moscow "in December 2017 year). The motives of the authorities are clear: the number of applications for "hectares" has exceeded 113 thousand, the number of free-for-use sites is approaching 38 thousand, but real and beautiful stories about a hectare are still only dozens. 

And it's not that the development of just a few "hectares" has begun in the Far East - by no means. But for the output in the media field, special stories are needed - story-incentives. As a rule, they should be about the townspeople who suddenly rushed into business or housing construction in the bosom of nature - such is the marketing strategy of the "Far Eastern hectare". But after all, many "hectares" when joining the program had very prosaic goals, romanticizing which is very difficult. For example, they simply cut new pieces to the really used ground. And even designed "on a common wave" is something that had been used before, but only without registration. Someone took "hectares" "in reserve", not having any intention to immediately bite into the ground. Someone will never take, but will continue to illegally use dozens of hectares. So it turns out that presentable, active and positively responding to the "Far Eastern hectare" - such now in every subject of the Far Eastern Federal District is really a unit. 

Of course, only the positive moments of possession of the "Far Eastern hectare" are usually broadcast to the outside public. But at meetings with officials, "hectares" turn into begging and offering. EastRussia on the example of one such meeting in the Khabarovsk Territory - the meeting of the public council under the regional ministry of investment and land and property policy - tried to figure out what the recipients of "hectares" need from the state.


Colorful Sergei Surovtsev in the guise of the old Russian peasant saw visitors to many fairs: he has a real estate. Lieutenant-Colonel Surovtsev says that he retired in 2015, but not in an empty place - he began to learn beekeeping in advance, as he says, "from a neighbor". In Kruglikovo, the mother-in-law already had a mother-in-law, so that the way of the former officer to rural life - a small piece of land, a dozen bee families in beehives and Ivan-tea billets - was not accidental in this village. And in October 2016, as soon as the program of the "Far Eastern Hectare" was distributed to all municipalities of the Far Eastern Federal District, Sergei Surovtsev designed 2,9 hectares of land next door ("The plot is very beautiful, with a lake, a forest, a development area for the apiary") for the spouse and daughters. In total, he has four children, and for himself and his sons the beekeeper is ready to formalize the forest lands for the "nomadic" apiary - so that the bees will feed from the main meadows of the Far East, lindens. 

Mastering the new land, Sergei Surovtsev began in March 2017-go: energized, good power line nearby, took the water, brought three 40-foot containers and arranged in them production facilities - 60 "squares" of the dryer and 30 "squares" warehouses. Now on the apiary of 36 bee colonies. By the end of the year, Sergei wants to have 100, then - several hundred. Over the past year, he sold 800 kg of willow tea, 2 tons of birch juice. "There is already a fermented leaf of wild raspberries, and we are experimenting with the fermentation of nettle, that is, all that is present in large quantities on" hectare. "We consider the possibility of processing birch bast, which contains very valuable substances, use birch ashes - the husband is experimenting in the field home make-up, make toothpastes based on herbs and honey, ointment type "Rescuer." Experiment with old drinks without preservatives, "- he lists. 

Half of the warm season, when the apiary functions, "hectare" conducts on a site where a seasonal worker with an average monthly salary of 30-40 thousand rubles helps him, Sergey Surovtsev proudly points out. Half - on the trading floors, building sales - cooperation with large networks was not asked. In winter the apiary is asleep. With grants, the beekeeper does not associate - he counts only on his own strength, he goes "with his own ascent." It would seem, what else is needed?

However, as it turns out, Sergei Surovtsev would be glad to state support. Despite the fact that he is a municipal deputy, many spheres of regulation are much higher. And it would be nice to "make the most flexible system for changing the types of permitted use of land," says Sergei Surovtsev. "When you come to earth, the plan is often transformed," he explains, "If we want people to work comfortably, we need to make the system as flexible as possible." Maybe introduce a temporary regime for 5 years so that it I now chose the agricultural kind of use.The apiary refers to agriculture, but I may need recreational components: in the wooded zone I want to build small houses for the solitary stay of the townspeople, a bathhouse, premises for "spending the night on a bee x "." 

It turns out that Sergei Surovtsev's neighbor, Mikhail Utrobin, also has problems with the type of permitted use. He was the regional director of the Sportmaster company - he oversaw the chain stores throughout the Far East. Then he decided to build a house near Kruglikovo and "earn a little money", for which he worked out the idea as much as possible: he examined the promising areas, traveled to existing farmers, studied dairy production. I have already tested the capabilities of my own online store on a test product, through which I plan to sell milk in the future. He runs his own blog about the development of the "Far Eastern hectare", advising those who wish. 

To conduct business on the ground, Mikhail took a grant as a beginner farmer for the construction of a cowshed on 12 cows - this is 3 million rubles. I carried out reclamation work, drilled wells, brought road and light, plans to start building a house. But with this - problems. 

The Earth, Mikhail UTrobin first took under the recreation. Now it needs to be transferred to another category in order to get permission to build a house and on the basis of a permit - a subsidy from the Ministry of Agriculture for construction for a young family engaged in agro-industrial activities. The fact that the house under Russian law can not be built on any land, and for the subsidy it is necessary to issue a building permit, no one has explained to the young "hectare" when decorating the hectare. 

"I finished building the cowshed, now I bring cows there, and I need to move there to live to watch all this so that they will not get it." While I can not get permission to build a house, I can only have recreational activities there. - EastRussia) regulations on the village of Kruglikovo, in which they plan where any zones will be, promised to take everything into account, I believe in word, and simultaneously we are trying to resolve the issue with the administration of the Lazo district in order to supplement the kind of permitted use with those that allow us to obtain permission to build, "- says Mikhail. At the same time, officials will quickly act, he is not sure. And the cows need to start milking this summer, in order to reach payback in the planned for the business plan for three years.  


The owners of the "Far Eastern hectares" are ready to raise the land themselves. Sergei Surovtsev, for example, has not yet taken any grants. According to his calculations, he has already invested about 2 million rubles in "hectares". "This is taking into account the returned funds. This is not lost money. These are hives, containers that I can always pick up," he clarifies. Pavel Kochetkov, who took a "hectare" for housing construction, says that "he has already poured 2,5 million rubles into it, one fence cost 800 thousand rubles." It is clear that the development of "hectares" is costly. Mikhail Utrobin is ready to pay taxes in the amount of 15 thousand rubles. for their five "hectares".

But what the recipients of "hectares" cannot raise by themselves is the surrounding infrastructure. The authorities are ready to build roads and new power lines, but the problem is much broader. "It is necessary to improve the social infrastructure of Kruglikovo. Now there are more than 100 children of preschool age in the village. And there is still no kindergarten there. The category of the school also needs to be improved: it is small, teachers come from the regional center of Pereyaslavka, and this is a significant moment. For 5-6 years he has been applying for a feldsher-obstetric center to be opened, it is not there either, "Sergei Surovtsev lists.

"One more important factor: Gasification would be of great help.GRS is one kilometer from Kruglikovo.In the regional center there is gasification, there were even plans for gasification of Kruglikovo, as far as I know, I calculate heating costs in the cold period - they are at least 10 thous. There would be a gas boiler, it would be much cheaper, and it would be more interesting for people to take land, "says Pavel Kochetkov. "We need a FAP, the construction of which is in the plans, but it's being postponed every year." For inspection, people with "babies" have to travel to Pereyaslavka, which is 14 km, and not everyone has cars, so you can only get on the train that goes only early in the morning and in the evening, "he continues. Having built a house on the "hectare", Paul will take the children to study in the city - the school in Kruglikovo is not the level that is needed. 

He also believes that recipients of "hectares" need to ensure the possibility of receiving subsidies for housing for young families out of turn. Paul's family is standing in line for the program, but for a year has progressed only to 60 positions and remains far from the beginning of the list. "Why not do this for" hectares "? It would popularize the law on a hectare." Someone may have no land. "I would like to build a house, but here, please take a" hectare ", get a subsidy, to build a house, "he suggests.


Another problem in the development of the "Far Eastern hectare" is that people simply do not want to start uniting if it requires some kind of money. Now the "Agency for the Development of Human Capital in the Far East" is initiating the creation of regional associations of users of "hectares" in all subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District, and on April 14 a constituent meeting of the interregional association "We are hectares!" But this is a process imposed from above. Below - people remain people. 

"In words, everyone wants to unite," says Mikhail Utrobin, "and when it gets to the point ... When I was making my way on my site, I say: guys, I found the ground three to four times cheaper than anywhere else, in this month, let me have a tractor, I'll wave the tractor driver free of charge for the foreman, while I do my business here. "100 meters of the road cost 15 thousand rubles, if for 6 people." When the conversation reached the point where the card number is, let's say , throw money, they began to say: come on, you hurried something, we do not need it yet. " With an active neighbor Sergei Surovtsev he was lucky, Mikhail admits. "People are different, but we'll see." Still, I cherish the hope that these people will come to their senses and start to master somehow, "he says of the other neighbors.  

While in collections of recipients of "hectares" for the entire municipal district named after Lazo, only 30-60 people are participating each month. Apparently, the time of active action for the vast majority of "hectares" has not yet come. And whether there will be - still a question.
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