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Construction projects of the Khabarovsk CHPP-4 and Artyomovskaya CHPP-2 can enter the federal program
In early November, the Far Eastern Generating Company announced two tenders for the selection of a design organization for the construction of the Khabarovsk CHPP-4 and the Artyomovskaya CHPP-2. Work is being carried out within the framework of the long-term program developed by RusHydro for the replacement of retired capacities and the development of the energy systems of the Far East. Projects that have been talked about for a long time can be included in the federal program for the modernization of power generation facilities using the PDM-stroke scheme. The state plans to allocate 1,5 trillion rubles for its implementation. Khabarovsk CHPP-4 and Artyomovskaya CHPP-2 can get into the number of “projectors”. But to begin, projects will need to be submitted to the Ministry of Energy. PJSC RusHydro has already received preliminary approval for the inclusion of projects in the PD-bar program.
The winner of the first competition for choosing a design organization should be determined by the end of this year. Under the terms of the tender, the contractor must develop design documentation for the construction of the Khabarovsk CHPP-2020 by mid-4. According to approximate estimates, the cost of building the station will amount to about 50 billion rubles (including VAT). If the project is included in the federal modernization program, then the construction work itself can begin as early as 2021, and the construction of the Khabarovsk CHPP-4 is planned to be fully completed in 2023.
The declared installed electric capacity of the Khabarovsk CHPP-4 should be at least 300 MW, and the heat capacity - at least 1100 Gcal * h, which will fully cover the electrical and heat load of consumers.
“Khabarovskaya CHPP-4 should replace the outdated equipment of the Khabarovskaya CHPP-1 and take over the heat and electrical load of consumers in this part of Khabarovsk,” said Maxim Niklonsky, Deputy General Director of DGK JSC for Capital Construction and Investments. - It is planned that CHPP-4 will operate on gas. This will make it possible to minimize the negative impact of the plant on the environment, as well as completely eliminate ash emissions. And besides, the project will not require the construction of new ash dumps for ash and slag waste disposal. The station will be located on the territory adjacent to the Khabarovsk CHPP-1. This is the most optimal point, because six main heating mains and electrical networks depart from here. "
"UPDATED" FOR ARTHEM
The second competition, announced by the DGK, concerns another long-awaited project, but this time in the south of Primorsky Krai. According to RusHydro's plan, a high-tech power plant is to be built in the area of the city of Artem, which will replace the retired capacity of the existing Artemovskaya CHPP. The contractor will be given 15 months to develop the project. As part of the contract, he will have to determine the main technical and economic indicators of the project, conduct an independent technical and price audit of the project, engineering surveys, develop design and estimate documentation, and also undergo a state examination of the project. It is planned to complete the development of the project in 2020.
The installed capacity of the new power facility should be at least 455 MW of electric power and 450 Gcal * h of thermal energy, which will give an increase in comparison with the capacity of the existing station by 55 MW for electricity and 150 Gcal * h for heat. According to experts, the preliminary cost of construction is estimated at about 70 billion rubles (including VAT). Today, the project provides for the launch of the station in 2024-2025.
FROM IDEA TO EMBODIMENT
The need to build a new power plant in Khabarovsk was discussed back in the 90s. In 1994, a feasibility study was even developed for the construction of the South-Eastern CHP. The project of the coal plant was developed by the Ural Institute VNIPI Energoprom. They planned to build a new station near the village of Ilyinka near Khabarovsk. The capacity of the first stage of the Yugo-Vostochnaya CHPP was supposed to be 36 MW of electricity and 376 Gcal * h of thermal energy. As conceived by the authors, it was to become the first link in a large energy complex.
At the same site, they were going to build the second stage of the station with a capacity of 540 MW of electrical and 780 Gcal * h of thermal energy. Different options were considered as sources of financing the power facility project: both attracting foreign investors and even a scheme by which ordinary Khabarovsk residents could become shareholders of the new CHP. The economic downturn of the mid-90-x and the reduction of energy consumption in Khabarovsk forced to abandon the project.
Reanimation of the idea was undertaken in the 2000s. A preliminary feasibility study for the construction of the Khabarovsk CHPP-4 was developed. It was planned to move the station out of the city and make it coal with gas connection for hot water boilers. Unfortunately, the idea was also not implemented.
A third attempt was made in 2015. At the request of PJSC RAO ES of the East, the design institute of JSC E4-SibKOTES has performed work on justifying investments in the construction of a new generating source in Khabarovsk. Pre-design works were completed, a technological and price audit was conducted, a positive assessment was received from the Scientific and Technical Collegium of the Scientific and Technical Council of the Unified Energy System NP. However, further work was suspended due to lack of funding sources.
The history of the Artemovskaya CHPP-2 project was more modest. Much has been said about the need to replace the existing Artyomovskaya CHPP, which was commissioned in 1936, with a new and modern one. However, the first and so far the only document with justification of investments was developed in 2014 by CJSC Siberian Scientific and Technical Center.
FOR HALF DECADE FORWARD
In order to modernize the Russian energy system in 2008-2017, the Russian Government implemented a program for the modernization of power generation facilities under long-term power supply agreements (CDA). During the operation of the DPM program, about 15% of the total installed electric capacity in the Russian Federation was renewed. During this period, about 4 trillion rubles were allocated for these purposes. investment.
Following the successful implementation of the DPM program, the Government developed a new DPM-2 program (DPM-bar). In essence, it is analogous to the first DPM-1 program, but is aimed at modernizing the oldest thermal power generating facilities (over 45 years old) in order to reduce operating costs and increase fuel efficiency. The service life of the renewed power plants should be extended by 15-20 years.
The new program should attract up to 1,5 trillion rubles to the sector. investments to renovate 41 GW of old thermal capacity, including the worn-out RusHydro power plants in the Far East. The action of the program is regulated until 2035.
Investment contracts will be concluded for 16 years (versus 10 years for DPM-1), of which 15 years for companies will receive increased payments for the updated capacity with a guaranteed rate of return, the so-called "DPM payments".