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Construction projects of the Khabarovsk CHPP-4 and Artyomovskaya CHPP-2 can enter the federal program
In early November, the Far Eastern Generating Company announced two tenders for the selection of a design organization for the construction of the Khabarovsk CHPP-4 and the Artyomovskaya CHPP-2. Work is being carried out within the framework of the long-term program developed by RusHydro for the replacement of retired capacities and the development of the energy systems of the Far East. Projects that have been talked about for a long time can be included in the federal program for the modernization of power generation facilities using the PDM-stroke scheme. The state plans to allocate 1,5 trillion rubles for its implementation. Khabarovsk CHPP-4 and Artyomovskaya CHPP-2 can get into the number of “projectors”. But to begin, projects will need to be submitted to the Ministry of Energy. PJSC RusHydro has already received preliminary approval for the inclusion of projects in the PD-bar program.
Determine the winner of the first competition for the choice of the project organization to the end of this year. Under the terms of the tender, the contractor must develop project documentation for the construction of the Khabarovsk CHPP-2020 by the middle of 4. According to approximate estimates, the construction costs of the station will be about 50 billion rubles (including VAT). If the project is included in the federal modernization program, then direct construction work can be started already in 2021, and the construction of the Khabarovsk CHPP-4 will be fully completed in 2023.
The declared installed electrical capacity of the Khabarovsk CHPP-4 should be at least 300 MW, heat - not less than 1100 Gcal * h, which will allow to fully cover the electrical and thermal load of consumers.
“Khabarovsk CHPP-4 should replace the outdated equipment of the Khabarovsk CHPP-1 and take over the heat and electrical load of consumers of this part of Khabarovsk,” said Maxim Niklonsky, Deputy General Director of DGK JSC for Capital Construction and Investments. - It is planned that CHP-4 will run on gas. This will minimize the negative impact of the station on the environment, as well as completely eliminate ash emissions. And besides, the project will not require the construction of new ash dumps for the placement of ash and slag waste. The station will be located on the territory adjacent to the Khabarovsk CHPP-1. This is the most optimal point, because six main heating lines and electrical networks leave from here. ”
"UPDATED" FOR ARTHEM
The second contest announced by the DHA concerns another long-awaited project, but already in the south of Primorsky Krai. According to the plan RusHydro in the area of the city of Artem should be built high-tech power plant, which will replace the retiring capacity of the existing Artyomovskaya CHP. The contractor will be given 15 months to develop the project. Within the framework of the contract, he will have to determine the main technical and economic indicators of the project, conduct an independent technical and price audit of the project, carry out engineering surveys, develop design estimates, and also undergo a state expert review of the project. It is planned to complete the development of the project in 2020 year.
The installed capacity of the new power facility should be at least 455 MW of electric and 450 Gcal * h of thermal energy, which will increase compared to the capacity of the existing station on 55 MW of electricity and 150 Gcal * h of heat. According to experts, the preliminary construction cost is estimated at about 70 billion rubles (including VAT). Today, the project provides for the launch of the station in 2024-2025.
FROM IDEA TO EMBODIMENT
The need for construction in Khabarovsk, a new power plant started talking back in the 90-x. In 1994, a feasibility study for the construction of the Southeast CHP was even developed. The project of the coal station was developed by the Ural Institute VNIPI "Energoprom". A new station was planned to be built near the village of Ilyinka near Khabarovsk. The capacity of the first stage of the South-Eastern Thermal Power Plant should have been 36 MW of electric and 376 Gcal * h of thermal energy. According to the authors, it was supposed to be the first link in a large energy complex.
At the same site, they were going to build the second stage of the station with a capacity of 540 MW of electrical and 780 Gcal * h of thermal energy. Different options were considered as sources of financing the power facility project: both attracting foreign investors and even a scheme by which ordinary Khabarovsk residents could become shareholders of the new CHP. The economic downturn of the mid-90-x and the reduction of energy consumption in Khabarovsk forced to abandon the project.
Resuscitation of the idea was undertaken in 2000's. A preliminary feasibility study for the construction of the Khabarovsk CHPP-4 was developed. It was planned to bring the station out of the city and make it coal with the connection of gas for water boilers. Unfortunately, the idea also failed to implement.
A third attempt was made in 2015. At the request of PJSC RAO ES of the East, the design institute of JSC E4-SibKOTES has performed work on justifying investments in the construction of a new generating source in Khabarovsk. Pre-design works were completed, a technological and price audit was conducted, a positive assessment was received from the Scientific and Technical Collegium of the Scientific and Technical Council of the Unified Energy System NP. However, further work was suspended due to lack of funding sources.
The history of the Artyomovskaya CHP-2 project was more modest. Much has been said about the need to replace the existing Artyomovskaya CHP, which was commissioned in 1936, with a new and modern one. However, the first and so far only investment rationale document was developed in 2014 by ZAO Sibirsky NTC.
FOR HALF DECADE FORWARD
In order to modernize the power system of Russia in 2008-2017, the Government of Russia implemented a program for the modernization of power generation facilities under long-term capacity supply contracts (CSAs). During the duration of the DPM program, about 15% of the total installed electrical capacity in the Russian Federation has been updated. During this period, about 4 trillion rubles was allocated for these purposes. investment.
After the successful implementation of the PDM program, the Government developed a new PDM-2 program (PDM-bar). It is essentially the same as the first program DPM-1, but it is aimed at upgrading the oldest thermal generating electric capacities (older than 45 years) in order to reduce operating costs and increase fuel efficiency. Resource renewed power plants should be extended for 15-20 years.
The new program should attract to the sector to 1,5 trillion rubles. investments in order to upgrade the 41 GW of old thermal capacity, including the worn-out RusHydro power plants in the Far East. The program is regulated until 2035.
Investment contracts will be concluded for 16 years (versus 10 years for DPM-1), of which 15 years for companies will receive increased payments for the updated capacity with a guaranteed rate of return, the so-called "DPM payments".