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Yakutia pays special attention to measures of social support - investments in the "human capital" of the republic
The life of any northern or Far Eastern region is a constant struggle between the economy and geography. Climate is climate, distances are distances, and this always has to be corrected in any plans and global strategies. Yakutia knows this from its own experience better than anyone else in Russia. More than three million sq. km of territory, less than one million people. Permafrost underfoot, tracks, factories and foundations of houses. Cold, wind and snow for most of the year. Distances that can sometimes only be covered by air.
But there is also the most important, the most precious “property of the republic” - people who live on this land, master its riches, invest in it not only labor, but also the warmth of their souls. In all fairness, their life should be dignified, comfortable and secure. The leadership of Yakutia considers it its duty to do everything possible for this. And to use the wealth of a huge region primarily for the benefit of its inhabitants, regardless of any difficulties.
This goal is stated in almost every official document that defines the daily life of the republic and its plans for the future. But it is much more important that all these measures do not remain on paper, but are implemented. Even in the most difficult times, which should include 2020 with its pandemic, economic collapses and a whole bunch of other negative factors. All programs in the social sphere, started in more prosperous times, have been extended and expanded by the corresponding decisions of the government of Yakutia. At the same time, special attention is paid to feedback mechanisms between people and leaders of all levels, so that any problems can be solved faster and more efficiently.
First of all, this concerns social support measures. Those of them that require annual re-registration have been extended - taking into account quarantine measures and restrictions that have significantly reduced the mobility of people. A specially created hotline in the republic on social support, social services and labor relations received about 50 thousand calls, each of which was considered on an individual basis. Much has been done for older people - additional targeted social benefits and other support measures were introduced for war veterans and disabled people.
There are also special programs to help certain categories of residents in Yakutia. Local social benefits are received, for example, by reindeer herders and chum workers, game hunters, fishermen, horse breeders and milkmaids with a certain length of service, pensioners from 70 to 80 years old and many others. There is also a wide system of tax benefits and privileges, conditions are created for free education and advanced training, people receive benefits in housing and communal services, access to rehabilitation programs in sanatoriums, free medicines, etc.
As the Minister of Labor and Social Development of Yakutia Elena Volkova said recently, such an instrument as a contract for receiving social assistance has proven itself well. This measure is for those whose family income, for reasons beyond their control, is below the average subsistence level per capita. Such contracts are increasingly concluded by people who have decided to run a personal subsidiary farm or start a business. Also, assistance can be aimed at resolving a difficult life situation, for example, an active job search, vocational training, home renovation.
As Elena Volkova explained, the average size for overcoming a difficult life situation in the republic today amounted to 14,8 thousand rubles. per recipient, and for the development of entrepreneurship and the maintenance of personal subsidiary plots - 187,1 thousand rubles. In total, 330 million rubles are allocated for the provision of state social assistance on the basis of a social contract this year.
A very important component of the social policy of any region, especially one like Yakutia, is assistance to families with children. The republic has added its own to the federal programs that were implemented this year, taking into account the specifics of the demographic situation. Additional payments were introduced (15 thousand rubles each) at the expense of the republican maternity capital "Family" - at the birth of the third or next child. New benefits have been assigned for low-income families with children from three to seven years old. More than 39 thousand children received help. Payments for children were also carried out through the Pension Fund of Russia in Yakutia. Support measures also affected those who, in a difficult situation this year, were left without work and have children under 18. In addition, by decision of the head of the republic, support was also received by about eight thousand graduates of the 11th grade - during the pandemic, they were paid XNUMX thousand rubles each.
EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE FOR MEDICINE
The threat of the spread of a new coronavirus infection forced all medical institutions in the country to switch to a high alert mode, to redesign emergency services, hospital departments, and social hospitals to fight the epidemic. Those who fought the infection for many months and continue to do so to this day were assigned special payments - for work literally in "combat conditions." By order of the head of the republic, Aisen Nikolaev, regional allowances were added to the federal bonuses. In total, more than 63 million rubles were allocated from the budget of Yakutia for these purposes. Additional payments were also established for those who directly worked with patients with coronavirus - not only for doctors, but also for other employees.
Thanks to the selfless work of Yakut doctors, it was possible to avoid sharp surges in the incidence, but all the services that were involved in countering the virus are still in full readiness.
There are more than 800 preschool educational institutions (kindergartens) in Yakutia, 641 schools, 43 institutions of secondary vocational and seven institutions of higher vocational education, 211 institutions of additional education. More than 70% of preschool and general education organizations are located in rural areas, many schools are small and are located in remote areas. At the same time, Yakutia occupies top positions in the rating of Russian regions in terms of the level of accessibility and quality of kindergarten and school education. The top 20 best schools in the Far Eastern Federal District in terms of the number of graduates entering the country's leading universities include nine Yakut lyceums and gymnasiums.
At the height of the pandemic - in March, as well as throughout the country, the republic immediately switched to distance learning. This required the creation of technological conditions, such as the presence of high-speed Internet in the home of each student and teacher, the availability of computers and tablets for classes. In the shortest possible time, we managed to resolve the issue of connecting to the Internet in families, where it was technically possible. As part of the all-Russian campaign “Help to study at home”, hundreds of low-income families and large families received laptops and tablets for organizing distance learning at home. According to the results, Yakutia became one of the five regions of the country, which, according to the government of the Russian Federation, successfully coped with the learning processes in the context of the coronavirus pandemic.
Today it is already obvious: the school of the future is unthinkable without digital technologies. The republic has been thinking about this for a long time: the Concept for the Development of Electronic Education has been adopted, a regional project "Digital Educational Environment" has been developed, by the end of 2022, three digital education centers for children "IT-cube" will be created in Yakutia, where students will acquire skills in the field of information technology - from digital hygiene to programming and creating mobile applications. The project forms a modern educational ecosystem that brings together leading companies in the IT market, experienced mentors and novice developers from seven to 18 years old.
In the digital world, where geographic distance is no longer a limiting factor, educational programs of a new type are developing. Among them is the first project of social impact in the field of education, the agreement on the launch of which in 2019 at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum was signed by the government of Yakutia, the State Corporation VEB.RF, the Fund for the Development of the Far East and the Baikal Region and the Higher School of Economics. Leading HSE experts will provide additional training for schoolchildren, create "management teams" for children, their parents, teachers, local leaders and business representatives. And thus to lay a solid foundation for the development of young talents and improve the quality of education in general.
Another project for gifted children is the International Arctic School. For more than 200 talented children from all over the republic, the educational process is conducted in three languages: Yakut, Russian and English, including with native speakers. Children are taught by the best teachers who have completed special advanced training courses in advance. It is expected that in three years, IASH students will be able to move on to study under the International Baccalaureate (DP IB) diploma program, which will give them the opportunity to enter the best educational institutions in the world.
The republic also has programs to support higher education and science. Without this, the path to progress, to the introduction of innovations in production, to the full development of high-tech spheres is simply impossible. And, of course, the creation of a "creative" sector of the economy, based primarily on intellectual achievements. Yakutia is now moving towards this goal systematically and persistently. The Ammosov North-Eastern Federal Institute has firmly established itself in Russian and foreign rankings of universities. In 2020, the university took 33rd place in the ranking of Russian universities according to the RAEX Rating Agency. The university cooperates with dozens of educational and research centers around the world: from the Republic of Korea, Japan, China, USA, Canada, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Iceland, Great Britain, Germany, France, Poland, Switzerland and the CIS countries.
COMFORT UNDER 2%
One of the most popular social programs is a preferential Far Eastern mortgage at 2% per annum. It allows you to get a loan from one of the 14 participating banks in order to buy an apartment in a new building under construction in the city or housing on the secondary market in the countryside. Young families with many children who have joined this program can additionally receive 450 thousand rubles from the state to repay the loan if, after January 1, 2019, their third or subsequent child was born.
Yakutia is one of the three leading regions for DV-mortgage. As of August, more than 2300 contracts have already been concluded for a total amount of almost ten million rubles. However, the republic believes that today, far from the full potential of this new and promising instrument of social assistance is used. The problem remains that most of the families receiving this type of mortgage are city dwellers. Exclusively because they have a collateral that satisfies the banks issuing loans. But, for example, rural residents usually do not have either their own apartment or a house on a concrete base for such a pledge (there are not many of them under permafrost conditions in the villages). As a result, to paraphrase the hero of the famous film, “there is a desire - there is no possibility”. But this is wrong, according to the regional government.
Difficulties also arise for those citizens who would like to use a loan to purchase housing on the secondary market - since there are not so many options for new construction. The leadership of the republic has repeatedly raised the issue of easing the terms of the "Far Eastern mortgage" in relation to the conditions of Yakutia and met with understanding from the country's leadership. Possible options for such amendments are now being worked out at the level of the federal government, banks, relevant ministries and departments.
Interest in preferential mortgage loans continues to grow. According to the head of the republic, Aisen Nikolaev, measures aimed at implementing the Far Eastern mortgage program will help the development of the region's construction industry. And this will have a multiplier effect for the entire economy of Yakutia.
However, the republic expects such an effect from the whole range of measures aimed at creating an effective social infrastructure. The modern development of the Far East is, first of all, concern for the quality of life of people, which should be no worse than in central Russia. This investment in "human capital" is the surest and most reliable investment that can only be.
In the ranking of the human capital development index, Yakutia ranks 1st in the Far Eastern Federal District and sixth in Russia. The republic occupies a leading position in the Far Eastern Federal District in terms of natural population growth (5,4). So, at the end of 2019, the republic is in seventh place among the regions of the Russian Federation in this indicator and in first place among the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District.
Last year, the birth rate in the republic was 13,2 ppm. According to this indicator, Yakutia ranks seventh among the regions of Russia, and first among the Far Eastern regions. Life expectancy in the republic - 73 years - is the highest in the Far East.