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New ferries for Sakhalin stalled
Amur Shipyard shifts construction deadlines for the line Vanino - Kholmsk
Photo: Sergey Krasnouhov / RIA News
ON THE LINE - "OLD MAN"
In September, the Minister for the Development of the Far East, Alexander Kozlov, acknowledged that there were problems with the construction of ferries for the Vanino-Kholmsk line, associated with the increased cost of work, as well as the fact that some production components fall under foreign sanctions. According to the original plans, enshrined in the government decree and contract, new ferries should be commissioned at the end of 2019. Now passengers and cargo on the ferry line between Sakhalin and the mainland are carrying obsolete vessels of the Sakhalin project. Ferries operate the Sakhalin Shipping Company.
EastRussia Help... Two ferries of the CNF11CPD series have been under construction since June 2017 at PJSC Amur Shipyard (ASZ, Khabarovsk Territory). The contracts for the ships were placed by PJSC "State Transport Leasing Company" (STLC), the cost of each, according to zakupki.gov.ru - 4,936 billion rubles. Each ferry of the project can take at least 32 railway cars or 27 auto trains on the main deck, 12 auto trains on the lower deck and about 9 passenger cars (1,5 tons), as well as 200 passengers: 112 in cabins, 88 in seated places in salon.
Compared with the existing Sakhalin-series ferries, CNF11CPD can hold twice as many auto trains, has no weather restrictions and can operate in harsh ice conditions. The new vessel will be able to dock several times a day without tugging, move backwards along the constrained water area of the port of Kholmsk for a long time, and due to the high speed of movement (18 nodes against 16,8 nodes at Sakhalinov) will withstand a daily cycle of a circular voyage.
The Vanino-Kholmsk line provides delivery of over 75% of cargo between the island and the mainland and about 25% of passenger traffic. The problem is that Sakhalin ships can carry no more than 100 passengers, and this summer, for Sakhalin-8 (built in 1985) and Sakhalin-9 (1986), for safety reasons, maximum restrictions of up to 52 were introduced. passengers. In addition to them, the line operates a fully cargo Sakhalin-10 (1992), but its capacity is lower than CNF11CPD: the Sakhalin design does not provide for loading ferries with road trains in the event of a full load of wagons.
ASSEMBLY WITH PROMOTION
For the NEA, the ferry contract is the first order of this kind. The plant does not hide the fact that many issues have to be solved, as they say, “from the wheels”.
"This is practically a head order on which builders quickly, in conjunction with the engineering center of the enterprise, work out and solve problematic issues. In fact, this project is adapted for the NEA. Take, for example, the fact that the size of our building docks does not allow for the assembly of large-scale the traditional way. Therefore, the solution already tested by the NEA was used to assemble the blocks in a closed slipway and then roll them out onto the open slipway for docking and forming the whole ship hull. in such a situation, all services are working smoothly, trying not to break out of the charts, "explained EastRussia in the press service of the company.
The plant added: the construction and design of ferries are almost parallel. The peculiarity is also that the Contractor, the contractor, according to the documentation, must himself look for suppliers of shipboard equipment and saturation, and the developer-designer, according to the characteristics confirmed by the plant, produces drawings and other working documentation to equip the ship. The selection of suppliers is in competition, which also does not speed up the construction procedure.
"A meeting was held at the NEA in October, at which the only issue was considered: the postponement of the completion of construction and the delivery of ferries. We do not have the authority to make any decisions on this issue. Therefore, it was decided to send an appeal - that is, to postpone the date - to the government RF ", - said EastRussia project manager for the construction of ferries Alexander Merinov.
SHIPPING WITH THE HOLE IN LEGISLATION
If the delivery dates for the ferries for the Vanino-Kholmsk line, the main transport artery connecting Sakhalin to the mainland, are postponed, this will become a really serious problem. The capacity of the Sakhalin ferries, which are currently operating at the ferry, is not enough for the modern needs of the regions. In parallel with the construction of ferries, the authorities are working on the issue of upgrading the port infrastructure of the ferries. Reconstruction of the ports will be phased in three shifts. Catching up with its completion should be before 1 December 2019 of the year - then, as planned, the first of the ferries should be launched, say in the Ministry of Oriental Development.
However, for the time being, the infrastructure, which is unable to cope with cargo and passenger traffic on the Vanino-Kholmsk line, leads to conflicts between carriers. This year, Russian Railways filed a number of lawsuits against Sakhalin Shipping Company, the operator of the ferries on the line. Claims of railway workers to the shipping company are reduced to the requirements of fees for the provision of public roads, on which the cars that were supposed to go from Vanino to Sakhalin on ferries, were idle.
For simple wagons "waiting to be transferred to the ferry," for example, from April 30 to June 4 2018, Russian Railways in a lawsuit filed this summer, tried to recover 88,72 rubles from the shipping company in thousand rubles. The plaintiff referred to the fact that the station or port is not entitled to refuse to accept cargoes within the planned average daily or condensed transshipment rate per day. The court, however, refused the lawsuit, explaining that in this case both the owner of the infrastructure (public ways) and the carrier were Russian Railways itself, which means that the railroad workers should not have paid anyone and suffered no damage.
The subtlety is that the law on intermodal transport, which is the carriage of railway cars, first by public routes to Vanino, then by ferry to Kholmsk and then again by public routes to the final point on Sakhalin, has not been worked out in detail until now. The Civil Code for the settlement of disputes by direct mixed message refers to the norms of the relevant federal law, but it has not yet been adopted.
Certain contradictions exist in the transportation structure. In good weather, Sakhalin class ferries are capable of producing about 15 flights per month, and during periods of peak load on the ferry line for passenger transportation, one of the ships of the Sakhalin Shipping Company also rises. And yet, due to repairs of outdated ships, the volume of traffic has decreased in recent years.
In the 2008 year, according to Morcentre-TEK, the ferry line transported 1,6 million tons of cargo and 66,17 thousand passengers. By 2012, cargo figures rose to 1,7 million tons, and passengers dropped to 45 thousand. The annual report of Sakhalin Shipping Company for 2017 a year draws an even more contrasting picture: in general, the company transported 1,82 million tons and 34,7 thousand passengers, but the share of ferries in freight traffic is steadily falling.
Information on the ferry traffic Vanino - Kholmsk - Vanino:
Name of cargo
Dynamics of 2017 / 2016,%
Circular flights completed
Transported goods (net)
All wagons transported
a / m
At the same time, if you focus on the ferry transport on passengers, there will be underloading on cars, and this will "hit the economy even harder," said Gennady Kotlikov, deputy general director of Daltransservice JSC.