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They flew home, where their relatives were waiting for them. Someone was returning from vacation, someone from a business trip, someone was flying on business. But, leaving their native Palana, none of the passengers of the An-26 flight could have imagined that they would never return to the small village of Kamchatka.
"Why?" and "Could the catastrophe have been avoided?" - These questions follow relentlessly in every plane crash. The answers sometimes help prevent future tragedies, but not this time - in almost the same place in 2012, a plane crashed. Has the scenario repeated itself?
The car at full speed crashed into the edge of the cliff, where the vegetation begins, leaving only a black trail from the fire. And everything that survived fell down. There was no chance of survival after the collision. If someone had survived on July 6 in the An-26 cabin after a strong impact on the top of a cliff, they would have inevitably died after falling from a height of almost 100 meters onto the stones of a narrow coastal strip extending into the Shelikhov Bay of the Sea of Okhotsk. At the same time, the plane did not have enough to pass low over the hill. Didn't the pilots see where they were flying? Did they not notice the obstacles in front of them? Did the hardware not warn them of the collision? The plane fell into an "air hole"? There is a long investigation ahead, now we can only list the facts.
After taking off from the airport of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, the An-26 of the Kamchatka Aviation Enterprise had to spend a little more than three hours in the air and cover 680 kilometers. But during the landing approach, a few minutes and a few kilometers from the runway, he disappeared from the radar and left the connection. Up to this point, everything was normal, and even the delay - to fly on schedule to Palana was not allowed by the weather at the landing site - was not unusual. Flight RTK-251 was given permission to take off two hours later than planned, at about 13-00, when the clouds rose above the ground above the minimum values allowed for flights. The ground inspection of the aircraft did not raise any questions.
“Visibility at the departure airport was good all day - over 10 kilometers. The wind in the area of the destination airport was southwest and blew from the sea with a force of 7-8 meters per second. There was no precipitation. In the morning, the clouds were low and the pilots were waiting for the weather to improve, which caused a delay in the departure of the vessel. Later, the cloudiness increased and became above the minimum: when approaching from the sea, the visibility at the airfield should be 3000 meters, and the cloud base should be 400 meters. We saw that the synoptic situation in the afternoon was favorable for the flight. And they made a decision to take off, "EastRussia was told to the aviation meteorological service of the Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky airport.
Onboard An-26 there were 22 passengers and 6 crew members. The lists included two minors - a 6-year-old girl and a 17-year-old boy. In the commander's chair was an experienced pilot Dmitry Nikiforov. He was considered one of the best, and this is not the first time he has flown this route.
“The passage through the control rooms of the circle and the regional center was made without remarks. At 14 09 hours local time, this aircraft was transferred under the control of the dispatcher of the Tigil settlement. At 14 hours 39 minutes it was transferred under the control of the dispatcher of Palana. Before leaving the Tigil zone, the An-26 crew received from Palana a complete report on the weather conditions at the destination airport. Later, when working with the Palana dispatcher, at the final stage of the approach, the aircraft received a direct bearing in an azimuth of 340 degrees. After about two minutes, the vessel was given a bearing of 320 degrees at a distance of 9 kilometers. After that, the connection was interrupted, ”says Vladimir Datiashvili, director of the FSUE State ATM Corporation branch.
According to calculations, the plane was supposed to touch the runway at 14:50. But that did not happen. The crew did not respond to the dispatcher's requests. “Then the dispatcher reported to the head of flights here in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky about the incident. And all actions were taken to declare the disaster stage, ”said Vladimir Datiashvili.
Helicopters were raised in search of the missing plane. Ground services have joined the work. The wreckage was not immediately found. They were spotted from a military aircraft, which was also used for searches. His crew transmitted the news to the ground at ten o'clock in the evening on 6 July. The distinct black mark on the top of the cliff left no doubt, and even destroyed all hopes.
Those who met relatives in Palana drove away thoughts of the worst, and even a few hours after, hope was still struggling with the transmitted information. “When I found out about the tragedy, I immediately realized that my Katya was no longer alive. After all, if there is no plane on the radar, then it fell into the sea. It is impossible to survive there even for five minutes. But there was still little hope. I thought she might be lying somewhere wounded. She was strong and went in for sports. And now she is gone, ”- Olga Ladynskaya, mother of the deceased Ekaterina Panikarova.
The same age as Catherine - Tatyana Mayorova, together with her six-year-old daughter, flew to Palana to her father. He went to the hospital. The daughter and granddaughter wanted to visit him there so that dad and grandfather would recover faster.
Olga Mokhireva, the owner of the local administration, did not make it home either. She was returning from a business trip. Several subordinates were with her on the plane, including Alexander and Olga Andreikin. The catastrophe left the children of this couple orphans…. Grief and the Boyarshins - the head of the family - the father and beloved grandfather of eight grandchildren Sergei Vyacheslavovich was returning from Petropavlovsk after a medical examination.
A large-scale search and rescue operation was launched at the crash site. A commission to investigate the plane crash is working on the peninsula. Already found 19 bodies of the victims (as of the evening of July 8). One has already been identified. Now various commissions and an investigation team are looking into the reasons. Nobody has made any conclusions yet. Three standard versions are being considered - the weather, the technician let down or the crew was mistaken. But some relatives of the victims refuse to believe the latest version.
“Well, these are not pilots, I can tell right away. Aces fly there, but on what planes, it's just awful. I myself flew them myself. It is necessary to change planes, and not to scold the poor pilots. Do you know how scary it is to fly there !? It's just awful. You fly in an airplane, and on your side a door with a porthole opens and closes, ”Olga Ladinskaya, mother of the deceased Ekaterina Panikarova, shares her experiences from her flights.
“I spent my youth in Sobolev. And it seems to me that the aircraft fleet has never changed since then. It's scary, ”says Olga Okhterova, a resident of Kamchatka, a passenger on a flight to Sobolevo (a settlement in the Kamchatka Territory).
“There are no new planes. Therefore, they fight. The technique is not normal. The planes need to be changed. Russia, on the other hand, makes equipment. Why are they not supplying us? ", - Alexander Kolinichenko, resident of Kamchatka, passenger on the flight to Sobolevo (settlement of the Kamchatka Territory).
The crashed An-26 was almost 39 years old. Despite this, he was not going to "retire", and passed all technical inspections on time. The last one was a week before the crash.
“Airplanes such as AN-26, Yak-40, which are in our fleet, have recently undergone major overhaul. That is, they have valid airworthiness certificates. They annually undergo a special inspection with the participation of representatives of the factories. Just a week ago, such specialists were with us. In addition, the information that by August the AN-26 plane that crashed was being prepared for decommissioning does not correspond to reality. The certificate for the AN-26 aircraft was issued two years ago, and it was extended until the end of 2021. In August, we planned to put the car for a routine inspection on a certain flight hours. Therefore, I would like to note that the version of a ship wreck due to an unsatisfactory technical condition is very unlikely, ”comments Sergey Gorb, Deputy General Director for Organization of Flight Operations of the Kamchatka Aviation Enterprise.
But if not the human factor, not technology, and not the weather, then what caused the catastrophe that cut off the lives of 28 people and divided it into “before” and “after” for relatives on earth? Perhaps the answer will be given by "black boxes", but they are in the sea. Divers are looking for them, I plan to involve a floating crane in the search operation. But its passage from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky will take several days.
In the meantime, the dispatcher's reasoning appeared on the Internet, which does not exclude pilots' mistakes. Telegram channel Baza cites the opinion of an anonymous person who notes that the pilots were given a good approach with favorable weather conditions.
“Everything was calm, even. Everything was fine. He did not respond to commands. They told him: do not go down into the sea, but he still went down into the sea. Immediately he was recommended to approach, with good conditions, and he was going to descend into the sea, where there was no visibility, but fog and clouds. Who are they listening to? Never listen to dispatchers while showing off. And as something happens, so the dispatcher, mind you, extreme. He initially chose an approach pattern such that he would enter in bad weather conditions. And he was advised three times: not to descend into the sea and not to make an approach with good weather conditions. He ignored them. As always, they know everything. Just like with the An-28 in 2012, ”says a man on the recording, the accuracy of whose words it is now impossible to confirm or deny. Everyone who is somehow involved in the investigation refrains from making any comments.
This is the second tragedy for Palana in the last 10 years. In September 2012, under similar circumstances, an An-28 crashed here during the landing approach. It collapsed on the slope of Mount Pyatibratka at an altitude of about 200 m, 10 km from the airport. 10 people were killed. Only four survived then. According to the conclusion of the Interstate Aviation Committee: “The cause of the crash of the An-28 RA-28715 aircraft was the violation by the crew of the established approach scheme at Palana airport, which manifested itself in the flight outside the approach route and premature descent to an altitude below the minimum safe when flying in mountainous terrain, in weather conditions that exclude stable visual contact with landmarks, which led to a collision of the aircraft with a mountain slope, its destruction and death of the crew and passengers. " Alcohol was found in the blood of both crew members.
Passengers of flight RTK-251:
Shirokova Maria Vitalievna
Andreikin Alexander Nikolaevich
Kudashkin Mikhail Vyacheslavovich
Mayorova Tatiana Evgenievna
Khvaleeva Alisa Vyacheslavovna
Lisichkina Alena Olegovna
Levitsky Evgeny Mikhailovich
Tishchenko Artem Vyacheslavovich
Popel Anastasia Alexandrovna
Surovtseva Yulia Borisovna
Mokhireva Olga Petrovna
Ayani Petr Grigorievich
Nesteruk Evgeny Alexandrovich
Sivak Ivan Vitalievich
Stolyarov Yuri Fedorovich
Nesterova Maria Maksimovna
Boyarshin Sergey Vyacheslavovich
Laptev Konstantin Alekseevich
Karimulin Alexander Anatolievich