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Nonaggressive extreme north
For the sake of the most comfortable environment for 4,7 thousand people Pevek authorities are ready to build and paint
The appearance of the northernmost city of Russia is ready for change - at the consideration of the government of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug there are proposals of architects to transform the appearance of Pevek. Ideas presented to the governor of Chukotka Roman Kopin two architectural bureaus. They offer to build a new embankment and a temple, equip bike paths, squares and play areas and paint the houses in different colors. All these are decisions to improve the urban environment, already implemented in Moscow.
At first glance, such attention to the transformation of the northernmost and the tiny city with a population of only about 4700 people is surprising. But it is quite natural - soon developed economy of Pevek will need a corresponding developed environment. After all, in the foreseeable future, the world's first floating nuclear power plant will be built on the territory of the city, the sea port and airport will be reconstructed, and the development of copper and gold deposits will begin next. And in the near future, as expected, the free port regime will extend to Pevek, providing incentives for investors.
"The city has great prospects, and taking into account such future projects as the floating nuclear power plant and copper and gold deposits, we are counting on an increase in the population. Accordingly, the increased population of Pevek will have new needs that we will have to meet. In the end, than the Chukchi city is worse than the administrative centers in the central regions of the country? "- says the governor of Chukotka Roman Kopin. To evaluate the ideas of architects, he is not yet ready: the authorities only study and supplement them. "Indeed, some of the objects that will be built may look like Moscow, but this is not an end in itself," the governor said. According to him, the government of Chukotka wants to create the most comfortable, non-aggressive environment in Pevek. "The city is waiting for big changes, the work will be held for several years, but I am confident that the residents of Pevek will appreciate all the changes," the governor believes.
A common understanding of how it is necessary to transform northern cities in Russia, experts have, but the development of such spaces will have to use an innovative approach and imagination, which in the Russian realities is not easy. "One should realize that the resident of the northern city can not be kept in it all the time: in order to maintain himself in shape, he will take a long vacation and within the framework of it make trips to the south. And there is no need to change it in any way - it is the guarantee of the normal existence of a person in the North. But you need to try to provide a person with the opportunity to maintain themselves in a normal state, without leaving the city - to create appropriate indoor spaces on its territory. It is reasonable to make good living of people in northern cities, saturating their social and social life, their entertainment. After all, this is what attracts people to "big" cities, "says Yulia Krasovskaya, Executive Director of the ENCO Scientific and Project Planning Institute for Spatial Planning.
The expert notes that the number of cities attracting relocation to their comfort, and the number of reasons that attract a person to resettlement, are growing. And with the continuation of migration to large cities, preference is given to settlements near the Russian capitals: so people have the opportunity to combine work in Moscow or St. Petersburg with living in their own home. At the same time, the most comfortable city for living is considered to be one in which there are no more than 300 thousand inhabitants, but this is not simply a formal compliance with the standards for the number of, for example, polyclinics, hospitals and libraries, Yulia Krasovskaya emphasizes. The most comfortable conditions, in her opinion, are creating multi-functional public centers and art spaces that provide opportunities for non-working leisure. In particular, this is relevant for single-city cities, such as Pevek.
The director general of the Asadov architectural bureau, Andrei Asadov, emphasizes that a good example from Moscow should be taken "taking into account the northern specifics - an extremely limited period of use of street facilities." Active improvement in the literal sense of the word does not bring much benefit to northern cities for the simple reason that people in them spend most of their time inside any premises, the expert says. Therefore, in his opinion, Pevek needs to propose a strategy that provides for the creation of the maximum number and variety of indoor public spaces, including within the existing facilities - under their roof, through "interior improvement". For example, by updating the atrium of a local shopping center, you can create a full-fledged urban space - an amphitheater from a café for interesting lectures. Such an improvement is not at all more expensive than the arrangement of outdoor spaces and is interesting to the owners of existing facilities, as it can increase the number of their visitors.
Thus, the events announced in the framework of the future development of Pevek's city space are necessary, Yulia Krasovskaya admits. "But the improvement of the same embankment, the effectiveness of which will depend on what has been done specifically, is the improvement of the facility, which will not be regularly visited, what you do with it." Even in the southern cities on the embankments in winter, do not particularly walk. Houses in the city is beautiful in itself, but both are private issues, and in order to fully understand the picture of the new Pevek, it is necessary to study the psychological aspect of the life of citizens without starting from formal requirements. s research, conversations with residents about their needs to understand the existing work on the life in the northern cities, and it is in those that reflect the sociological, psychological and consumer needs of citizens ", -. the executive director of spatial planning NPI" ENCO ".