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The approaching 2016 will place all the dots over i
The entrepreneurs of Primorye are concerned about the vagueness of the law enforcement practice of TORs and SST. The authorities promise to eliminate it next year
Entrepreneurs of Primorye brought down a whole barrage of questions on representatives of the regional and federal authorities at the conference "Investment potential of Primorsky Krai", which took place on December 2 in Vladivostok.
All questions were mainly related to the tax and customs practice of applying the recently entered into force Laws: "On the Territories of Advanced Social and Economic Development" (TOP) and "On the Free Port of Vladivostok" (FPV). Residents of both TORV and FPV have already been registered in Primorye, there are also candidate companies, but even representatives of these organizations today do not quite clearly understand how the mechanism of tax and customs preferences will operate in relation to their future and existing production facilities.
“On the one hand, a special decree of the federal government, issued in pursuance of the Law, declares a green light in FPV for all newly created enterprises that are ready to invest at least 5 million rubles in business within three years. But on the other hand, the regional authorities have already implemented in practice a procedure according to which preference is given to enterprises that have developed a detailed business plan and promise concrete benefits to the regional economy. That is, there is a certain contradiction, which de facto imposes certain restrictions on business.
Secondly, local small businesses, which often operate under a simplified taxation system, do not see any special benefits for themselves associated with tax preferences for FPV. The latter are rather preferable for large federal-scale companies operating under the usual taxation system. But will their arrival in Primorye have a positive impact on local business? ”Asks Konstantin Bogdanenko, director of business development for the DNS group of companies (assembly and trade of digital equipment throughout Russia).
DNS Holding specially created in its structure a new enterprise "DNS Development", which seeks to make it a resident of FPV, aiming at cost-effective (with the help of tax and customs preferences) construction of warehouses and logistics infrastructure.
General Director of LLC "Primorsky Zavod" "EUROPLAST" (the company became the first resident of the Primorsky ASEZ "Nadezhdinskaya" and specializes in the production of plastic containers from imported Chinese raw materials) Viktor Karupnin is concerned about whether his business will be exempted from import duties on raw materials and equipment under the regime FPV, and if so, how soon?
The situation with the law enforcement practice of FPV and TORs at the conference was explained to entrepreneurs by representatives of various regional structures, in particular - the director of the department for work with residents of the FPV of the Corporation for the Development of the Far East JSC Evgeny Sachkov and the director of the department of economics and business development of the Primorsky Territory Sergey Pavlenko.
They reminded the entrepreneurs that the Free Port regime does not come into effect at once, but in stages. It will be possible to talk about full implementation in the IV quarter of 2016, when the round-the-clock operation of border checkpoints will start working and the free customs zone regime will come into force. Prior to that, from January 1, tax preferences will come into force, and a simplified visa entry will start working at the beginning of the year.
The Ministry of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East explained to the EastRussia correspondent that they welcome such interest from entrepreneurs. “There are no legal inaccuracies,” the ministry's press service explained. - All information about the beginning of work of certain standards is published, as well as an explanation of these standards is being conducted.
At the same time, the Ministry drew attention to the fact that many entrepreneurs prefer to be guided by rumors, rather than directly asking questions to the Ministry or the management company. “A week ago there was a meeting under the leadership of the minister in Nakhodka, the port business of Primorsky Krai was present. Despite the fact that the law has already been adopted and is in effect, we are convinced that, unfortunately, many are still guided by some myths about the Free Port, and not by the real text of the normative act. "
“The Far East Development Corporation conducts individual work with every interested entrepreneur, be it a large holding or a small business. All contacts of employees are published on the site, feedback is provided within 24 hours, the Ministry stressed. “In accordance with the Law on the Free Port of Vladivostok, it is the Corporation that is the“ one window ”for investors, and we urge you to receive all information directly from first hand."
Evgeny Sachkov, representative of the Corporation for the Development of the Far East, told the audience that requests to the management company are received daily. “To date, we have recorded 45 appeals, work is underway on each. 10 applications were submitted for registration of residency. There are both large and medium-sized projects. "
And Sergei Pavlenko reminded entrepreneurs that business can make proposals for adjustments to the law on the Free Port - both through the supervisory boards of the ASEZs and FPVs, and through a dialogue with the regional authorities, whose representative branch has the right to initiate legislation. For example, the territory of the FPV, which includes, according to the Law, fifteen municipal and regional formations of the Primorsky Territory, may soon be replenished 16-m - Lazovsky district (the State Duma, obviously, will make the appropriate amendments to the law. The fishing business community of the region decided that it was not appropriate to leave one of the most developed fishing industry areas outside the gates of the Free Port) areas of Primorye.
For the regime of the territory of advanced social and economic development, preferential tax rates have now been established for property recorded on the balance sheet of residents: 0% for the first five years and 0,5% for the next five years. The Free Port of Vladivostok regime guarantees a reduced income tax rate for FPV residents. It does not exceed 5% for five tax periods, starting with the one in which the first profit is made, and not less than 10% for the next five tax periods.