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Yury Trutnev and Alexander Kozlov summed up the official results of the development of the Far East
Yury Trutnev, Plenipotentiary Representative of the Russian President in the Far Eastern Federal District (FEF) and Alexander Kozlov, Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East, summed up the five-year work in the priority areas of development of the Far East. During the February 6 press conference, 2019, they spoke about the main economic achievements of the regions and the short-term prospects for the development of the FEFD. On the results and priorities in matters of attracting investment, infrastructure development and solving social problems in the EastRussia review.
The most important of the adopted documents relate to the “grandfather clauses” that protect the investor and give him confidence that the investment climate in Russia will at least not deteriorate. These include the establishment of a zero rate of VAT on air transportation services in the Far East and the extension of the mechanism of entry via an electronic visa to all air checkpoints. Due to the introduction of these measures, the number of tourists visiting the Far East in 2018 increased by 8% compared to last year, to 6,9 million people. At the same time, the number of foreign tourists increased by 19%, the largest number of them fell on citizens of China, the Republic of Korea, and Japan.
In order to attract business to the economy of the Far East, in 2018, an Internet service was developed and introduced to provide marine sites for aquaculture production. To date, 39 sites with an area of about 9 thousand hectares have been implemented, and since this service has already managed to give a good account of itself, it is planned to introduce a similar mechanism in the forest industry.
In 2018, the industrial production index in the Far East 1,5 times exceeded the national average and amounted to 104,4%, while the volume of accumulated foreign direct investment reached $ 30 billion, representing 32% of the total foreign direct investment in recent years the territory of Russia.
The duty on the export of roundwood from Russia from 1 in January 2019 of the year was increased from 25 to 40%, which should stimulate the opening of production facilities for wood processing in Russia, including in the Far East.
In addition, it is planned to intensify the development of fish processing: as part of the selection of investment projects for fish quotas, 9 vessels and 14 fish processing plants will be built.
More than 326,5 billion rubles. private investment has come to the economy of the Far East, of which 118 billion rubles. was invested by investors in the 2018 year. As a result, 27 thousands of jobs appeared and 183 enterprises were commissioned, with each of the indicators doubled last year.
Today, more than 1480 projects are in the design and implementation stage, the largest of which are: the Verkhne-Munskoye diamond mining enterprise in Yakutia, the Denisovsky mining and processing complex, two agro-industrial complexes and the LNG mini-plant on Sakhalin, two logistics complexes, and also plant for the production of reinforced concrete structures in Primorye. The number of new projects is expected to grow in the 2019 year.
Working with federal targeted and state programs aimed at developing health care, education, culture and sports is one of the two areas of social development in the Far East. From 5,5 s to 7,2%, the standard of investment sections of all state programs in relation to the Far Eastern Federal District was increased due to the inclusion of Transbaikalia and Buryatia, in which, as in other regions, territories of advanced development (TOP) will be created.
The second direction is the creation of conditions for the life of people in the centers of economic growth, for which the federal budget before 2020 of the year is planned 65,2 billion rubles.
“These funds must be spent within three years, and are half the amount allocated for the social development of the Far Eastern regions during this period,” said Yuri Trutnev, answering a question from EastRussia.
According to him, these funds will be used to build 22 hospitals, 31 school, 33 sports facilities and 10 cultural centers. Construction of some objects has already been completed. These include school No. 135 in Yakutsk and 8 obstetric points in Primorsky Krai, a swimming pool in the village Chegdomyn of the Khabarovsk Territory and a multifunctional sports center in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. In addition, apartments for medical workers in the Jewish Autonomous Region were acquired, and 30 institutions of secondary vocational education were modernized according to international standards WorldSkills.
Note that the national program for the development of the Far East will be the main theme of the V Eastern Economic Forum, which will be held on 4-6 on September 2019, in Vladivostok. It will combine the activities of already adopted national projects and state programs, as well as long-term sectoral plans of departments and infrastructure companies, development strategies for all Far Eastern regions.