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"We do not need competition, but profitable partnership"

The main indicators of the development of the economy of Yakutia give a good chance for investors to look positively towards the region

"We do not need competition, but profitable partnership"

In an interview with, the Minister for Federal Relations and External Relations of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Vladimir Vasilyev, told how the region attracted Asian investors, why take out reindeer herders abroad and whether Yakut builders should be afraid of competition.

- Vladimir Nikolaevich, in one of the interviews you said that Yakutia plans to become one of the leaders of cooperation with Asian countries in the coming years. How?

- The turn towards Asia, we just started. We are going and are already cooperating with China, Korea, JapanHer, India. We establish relations with Singaporerum and vietnam. Spring waitingThe visit of the Consul General of Mongolia. We also plan withgovernment visits.

In the middle of March we will visit the Republic of Korea. Their delegation will come to our conference on renewable energyke in june. Korea hosts investment fair in October, And we will also be there. Koreans are interested to cooperate with Yakutia in the field of biotechnologyTh, health, tourism development. Us Of course, they are primarily interested in investments. Here we work as a team with the Investment Promotion Agency.... They are engaged in "upakoin a number of projects, and we establish partnerships, coordinate the activities of the parties.

This year the presentation of the investment potential of Yakutia in Japan, Visit to the Russian-Asian Energy Summit in Singapore, participation in a large event of Russian financial institutions And China in Beijing, well, the traditional Russian-Chinese EXPO in Harbin. That is, we are oldWe are trying to find different ways of establishing partnerships. In this list we now include Turkey.

- Turkey has recently identified itself in the construction market of YakutiaAnd, saying that he is going to invest in long-term projects. What objects are we talking about?

- The heads of the company "Alpha Engineering and Construction" first came to Yakuti in FebruaryYu to study the market and in the long run to receive orders for a builderA number of objects of any size - from kindergartens to high power hydroelectric power plants. They were not afraid of Moroz, although they don’t have practical experience of building on permafrost as such.

- It turns out, if the Yakut builders do not stand the competition, they will remain without work?

- All the managerIsit on how we put ourselves. If a We declare a tender and it wins not a local, but a roundThis is not good for us, because the money will go away outside the region. Turkish businessmen admitted that they participate in tenders - they win, they build an object, after which they do not want to let go. But we better support our companies for tenders. Therefore, we offered the Turks this option: to allocate land and bring engineering communications so that they build an object on theirand the money, and then - part of the object would be transferred to the republic, part - taken into ownership. Or if they nevertheless win some kind of tender, let them build an additional one or two objects for their de. That is, we do not need competition, but, first of all, an advantageous partnership.

- Vladimir Nikolayevich, among the main events of last year would beLo many different of events: the delegation of Yakutia participated in the forums and in Sochi, and in Moscow, and in Dubai, and in Tokiabout. Please highlight a number of landmark events last year.

- First of all, it is worth highlighting the Olympic Games, where our Republic is responsibleLa for Exposition of the Far Eastern Federal District. The presentation was held at a very high level.

This, of course, Crimea, with which we signed an agreement on cooperation, where the main direction is the mutual exchange of goods and services.

Next, I would note participation in a large investment forum in Dubai, On the basis of which a long-term agreement was reachedty. ALROSA opened its representative office there. Negotiations are now underway with the basalt factory. This year, we were again invited to Dubai for another forum.

The International Conference on Renewable Energy, held in Yakutsk, received xGood estimates from different companies. Its scale is somewhat increased, and it was decided to make it annual. And the conference Begins to bear fruit. The maintenance of the energy system of housing and communal services is very expensive republic. Only for the subsidy is spent about 16 billion rubles from the budget. This load It is necessary to somehow reduce. Today solar stations of different power begin to appear in manygyx areas of Yakutia, other alternative energy options are being explored..

At the first Russian-Chinese EXPO, a protocol was signed with the Zhoda company, which intends to build three residential areas in Yakutsk. Now it all depends on how you gokt will pass all the stages of pre-training and expertise of construction. If everything is favorable, then, according to the optimistic forecasts of the Chinese side, the construction will take six years.

Of course, trip of our delegation to Iceland to the "Arctic Circle" and presentation Investment potential of the republic in the embassy of the People's Republic of China, where five agreements of various levels were signed. These were basically framework agreements, which require further developmente.

- In late January, you met with the director of a Japanese company. Komatsu, which is going to open in Yakutia the fifth warehouse of spare parts for its equipment in Russia. Is there a need for this?

- Certainly. Komatsu has long established itself as a reliable technique suitable for the extreme conditions of Yakutia. Even gold miners in Oymyakon work here. At the same time, the main problem of equipment operation is the lack of consumables, spare parts and components. If something breaks down, then the goods have to wait for several weeks, and the equipment is idle. Of course, it is impossible to build a full warehouse of spare parts in Yakutia - this is 75 thousand items. Now a company representative works with all enterprises, find outWhat parts are required first of all, and already after, approximately by the autumn, a warehouse will be built. In addition, the company invited the casegroup (operators, mechanics, 10 people in total) at their expense undergo training at the Training Center at the plant in Yaroslavl for even more efficient operation of Komatsu equipment in Yakutia.

- So, in Yakutia Many plans that she plans to implement jointly with the APR countries. What do you think, the crisisIsn't it going to scare away foreign investors?

“Big investors like Zhoda will certainly not run away. At the General Director of Komatsu, Mr. Takatsuki Hideyuki we asked if they are affected by the sanctions and whether long-term business can be counted on. He replied. “We don’t look at allwe are capitalists and we count only money. Is eatingl profitability means working". The ban applies primarily to companies with state participation. And private companies will still enter our market.

- When you look at Yakutia, then you understand that the republic is not only diamonds and oil, but something more. What is the secret of its attractiveness to investors?

- I asked the same question to the representatives of the Turkish company. Say, why did you choose Yakutia from all the Far Eastern regions - you decided to climb so far. According to them, the whole point is in marketing, which revealed that the region has a fairly stable economic situation in all respects. This general assessment, the main indicators of the republic's economic development give a fairly good chance for investors to look positively in our direction.

- I can't help but ask a question about the Zarechye PSEDA, 20 km from the Nizhny Bestyakh settlement, where Global Steel Holdings, Ltd (India) expects to build a plant for the production of liquefied natural gas (LNG), methanol and urea. The project is criticized by experts who believe that the construction will harm the environment and public health. How do you feel about the current situation?

- As Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Trutnev, who recently visited Yakutia, emphasized that the Zarechye PSEDA project requires improvement. So it's too early to talk about construction. I am absolutely fine with the project. Recently I was in the Khangalassky ulus with a report and noticed that "Zarechye" arouses keen interest among the population, but the words "gas chemistry", "chemistry", "urea" especially frighten people. Citizens recall a very large accident at a chemical plant in India in the 1980s, where several thousand people died. The Indian plant did not produce urea, but pesticides, very toxic substances. And urea is a nitrogen fertilizer for agriculture, it is absolutely harmless in terms of danger. But any such production is a secure facility. Such plants are always subject to increased environmental safety requirements, regardless of the country, and especially in our cold climate. This is a large Russian-Indian project, more precisely, it is a project of Rostec, which attracted an Indian company as the most competent one that could work out such a large and rather complex technological facility.

We understand the concerns of the population about possible damage to the environment and public health. But the production cycle will be absolutely closed and there will be practically no emissions. However, it is necessary to pass all examinations - both ecological and ethnological (we are the only constituent entity of the Russian Federation that also looks at this or that construction from the point of view of indigenous peoples), and public hearings.

- Year of the Arctic in Yakutia is over, but the Arctic Five-Year Plan will continue until 2020 year. What significant events are you planning, for example, on this year?

- From this year in Yakutia, 19 March will celebrate Day ARktiki. So-called Arctic business meetings will be held. This year the Republic of Korea will take part in them.

We will continue to carry out the activities prescribed by the comprehensive program of socio-economic development arNorthern and northern territories. So, recently I returned from Zhigansk region, where we agreed to take the reindeer herders to Lapland to exchange experiences. The initiative is carried out within the framework of the Finnish program for the support of indigenous minorities of the north "Snowchange", headed by Dr. Tero Mustonen. Reindeer herders were taken to different countries - Australia, New Zealandi, Finland, USA (Alaska) - to large international phoRooms where they were not just sitting, but speaking at round tables, participated through translators in the brainstorming, and already later themselves offered projects.

In Zhigansky district we are directly told thatLodges do not want to go into reindeer breeding. In 2013 year in the area was 5 thousand 700 deer, by the end of last year there were 4 youSachi. In Norway, another problem: young people want to work inlazy breeding, but there are no places - there are not enough pastures and reindeer. We have the Union of Reindeer Herders of Russia, the Association “Reindeer Herders of the World”, the International Institute of Reindeer Husbandry and the Nizhnekolymsk College of the Peoples of the North is its member, therefore such international cooperation will contribute to the return of the prestige of the profession.

- How do you think, is it logical to announce the Year of Entrepreneurship in Yakutia in times of crisis?

- We are not afraid of the word "crisis". We all know that layoffs are coming, that people need to be hired so that they do not have panic, we need to help them adapt to new conditions. That is why we have announced the Year of Entrepreneurship. We want to tell citizens that they should not be afraid to start their own business. And we are trying in various ways to provide support to both small and medium-sized businesses and individual entrepreneurs.

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