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On an equal footing - become

How in practice are the norms for equalization of energy tariffs in the Far Eastern Federal District

Using examples from specific subjects of the Far East, EastRussia finds out when the effect of the federal law on equalization of electricity tariffs in the macroregion, which entered into force in July, will begin.

On an equal footing - become
The first stage of equalization of energy tariffs in the Far East began on July 1 from five northern regions, where the connection of power is the most expensive in comparison with the national average. The Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East operates with the following figures. Before the entry into force of the law on averaging tariffs, the average cost of electricity in the Chukotka Autonomous District was 12,76 rubles. per 1 kWh, in Yakutia - 7,61 rubles, in the Magadan region - 6,06 rubles, in the Kamchatka Territory - 5,99 rubles, in the Sakhalin region - 5,76 rubles. The most significant decrease, according to the Ministry of Eastern Development, will occur in Chukotka (by more than 70%), the most modest - in Sakhalin (by 35,5%), but as a result, in all five regions, the tariff should be reduced to 3,71 rubles. for 1 kWh.

Note that the desired price announced by the authorities does not include VAT, with the inclusion of tax, the average Russian tariff is 4,38 rubles. per kWh According to the orders of regional tariff regulators, setting tariffs for each year ahead in December, in Chukotka Autonomous Region the tariff for "other consumers" (not for the population) for 2017 with VAT should be 13,83 rubles per kWh in the first half and 14,9 rubles. in the second (11,72 rubles and 12,63 rubles without VAT), in Yakutia - 9,2 rubles. for the whole year (7,8 rubles without VAT), in the Magadan region - 7,32 rubles. and 7,58 rub. respectively (6,2 rubles and 6,42 rubles without VAT), in Kamchatka - 8,18 rubles. for the whole year (6,93 rub. without VAT). On Sakhalin, a single-rate tariff for consumers with voltage less than 35 kV (the most expensive) is 6,06 rub. in the first half and 6,04 rub. in the second (without VAT).

The compensation mechanism consists of several stages.

First, through the establishment of a mark-up on sales prices on the wholesale electricity and capacity market, for the regions outside the DFO, about 27 billion rubles should be collected. The funds should go to the accounts of RusHydro. The regions simultaneously set tariffs reduced to the average Russian level, starting with 1 in January of 2017. The difference in revenue will be compensated from the surcharge: they will be transferred from RusHydro to regional budgets, and then to electricity suppliers. The budget of the Russian Federation is not involved in the process.

It turns out that in order for the amendments to work, it is necessary to take four actions. The first is to set the amount of the premium on the wholesale market. The second is to collect the claimed funds. The third is to adopt amendments to the regional tariff legislation and regional budgets. The fourth is to transfer the funds to the budgets and then to the electricity suppliers.

A detailed description of the operation of the tariff averaging scheme and the form of agreements concluded between all its elements should be spelled out in the relevant government decree. But it is not accepted yet. Olga Chernokoz, the head of the expert club of the public council for the Minsk region, says in a conversation with EastRussia: "There is a risk that the money will reach the power engineers only six months later: the FAS and the government allow the project to calculate payments for each DFO region by November." The expert club develops proposals to accelerate this Process ".

Preliminary estimates by the FAS suggest that the Yakutia budget will receive more than 2017 billion rubles, Kamchatka - 15,6 billion rubles, Sakhalin - about 2,5 billion rubles, Magadan Oblast - about 2,3 billion rubles to compensate for the difference in tariffs for 1. The funds will be transferred to the budgets of the subjects as earmarked contributions from RusHydro. These funds "will be delayed in the budget for exactly three days, during this time they must be transferred to energy companies," clarify in the Ministry of Finance of Yakutia. Regional governments will save up to 5,7 billion rubles. per year - at the expense of funds that were previously sent to equalize tariffs, they are added to the Ministry of Eastern and Eastern Development.

RusHydro emphasizes that the company "will not independently carry out the distribution of funds, but only their collection and subsequent transfer to the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the amounts and within the time frame determined by the government of the Russian Federation." According to preliminary estimates, consumers in the wholesale market of the European, Ural and Siberian price zones, which should be used to pay for the equalization of tariffs in the Far East, will feel tariff increases this year - according to various estimates, from 1,8% per year.

The subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District should already prepare for the application of new tariffs through the adjustment of regulatory acts of tariff regulation bodies - these are departments for prices and tariffs.

For example, in Yakutia 30 June 2017, the board of state budget of the republic decided to establish electricity tariffs for various categories of suppliers in the following amounts (hereinafter - without VAT).

New tariff, rub. For kWh
Old fare, rub. per kWh
At a high voltage level (above 110 kV)
On the average first voltage level (over 35 kV up to 110 kV)
At the average second voltage level (from 1 kV to 35 kV)
At a low voltage level (up to 0,4 kV)
The decision entailed a cascade of related, clarified in the state price of the republic: the tariff authority adopted the adjustment and all economically justified tariffs for utilities. "In total, 1608 tariffs were revised," the agency reported to EastRussia, "including in the heat supply sector, 1182 tariff, in the water supply sector, 318 tariffs, and in the wastewater sector, 108 tariffs. Most of the reduction was in the range up to 10%, while for individual enterprises of the utility complex, for electric boiler houses, the reduction amounted to 50% ".

Thus, the benefit of tariff averaging should be felt by the population of Yakutia - where it pays an economically justified tariff, without subsidizing from the state. According to Yakutia it is 32 tariff for cold water, 21 - for heat and six - for hot water of small enterprises of the city of Yakutsk. "According to the JSC" Vodokanal of Yakutsk "the tariff reduction was 14%, according to 59 utility tariffs, the population will also be recalculated from 1 January 2017," the republican state price was reported.

However, not all regions reacted so quickly. In the Magadan region, for example, the regional department of prices and tariffs leads on its website the former single-rate tariffs for industrial consumers. The same picture is on Sakhalin, in Chukotka and on Kamchatka.

Most other DFO manufacturers are likely to expect lower energy rates in Chukotka. New prices for electricity will give impetus to the development of already explored deposits of gold and other ores, the extraction of which is still unprofitable. On the other hand, against the background of news about the upcoming tariff reduction, agricultural producers became more active: the Fund for the Development of Economics and Direct Investments of Chukotka received several applications from those who want to grow greens and vegetables. Some entrepreneurs became residents of the only in the district of the Beringovsky PDA, but tax breaks for energy-intensive industries are less important.

“We are looking forward to this moment, but there are still many questions. Until the actual tariff reduction, our company, for example, continues to deal only with greenery with potted flowers and cannot launch the second and third lines of production for growing flowers and vegetables, which require completely different lighting and heat. It will be almost the same as heating the stove with paper money, "entrepreneur Natalya Makatrova told EastRussia. With the introduction of new energy tariffs, business representatives are promised to return the difference with the existing ones, starting in January. However, entrepreneurs will not see real money - the funds will remain on the accounts of energy companies in the form of advance payments.

Alish Mammadov, general director of Yakutcement Industrial Association OJSC (paid by Yakutskenergo up to 160 million rubles a year for electricity), notes that in the first half of the year the company paid for resources at the old tariffs. "Now they promise to make a recalculation for the period from January 1 to July 1. So, due to this, we will pay less in the second half of the year," he hopes.

And here is Dmitry Selyutin, General Director of the Far Eastern Energy Management Company, on the eve of the entry into force of the new rules declared the Golden Horn: "Energy companies are more likely to lose, since the time lag that develops due to such a long passage of funds is quite significant. And I very much hope that if this mechanism begins to operate from July 1 and all these iterations pass, then energy companies will begin to receive shortfalls in income in November. -December of the current year, and maybe in January of the next one. Consequently, power engineers have cash gaps, there is a need for additional credit resources in order to correctly enter the period of the autumn-winter maximum load and, in fact, not to stop operating activities " ... 

In the tariff regulation authorities, the answer to this is short. "In the light of the decisions made and decisions taken, measures and procedures will be taken in which the risks of economic imbalance and the cash gap of energy supply organizations will be reduced as much as possible," EastRussia was assured of the Yakutia State Committee.

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