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On the hook of large investments
Records of fishing in Kamchatka are supported by investments in processing and fleet
For the tenth consecutive year, the Kamchatka Krai is among the leaders in terms of catch of aquatic bioresources in Russia: 25% of the country's total production and almost 40% of the Far East's production falls on the peninsula. In 2017 the record is again shown - more than 1,2 million tons of catch, which is 13% more than in 2016 year, 240 thousand tons of salmon, 535 thousand tons of pollock - the first place in the country. And the secret of achievements is not just in favor of the generous Far Eastern nature. The whole point is that in the fishing industry of Kamchatka for a number of years there have been great investments.
The huge resources that the Far Eastern seas contain is important not only to extract - the question is, what degree of product processing is available for enterprises in Russia. Last summer, the head of the Ministry of Agriculture, Alexander Tkachev, calculated that the Russian Federation is losing $ 1 per ton just because Russian fish is filleted in China. Russia exports up to 2 million tons of fish to the APR countries a year. Therefore, we are talking about billions of dollars of added value that can potentially remain in our country.
In Kamchatka, the course for the development of fish processing has been taken long ago. Now, they say in the Kamchatka government, on 10 investment projects of six regional enterprises included in the regional program for the development of the fishery complex, the volume of investments has tripled - to 4,6 billion rubles. The region is supported by industry enterprises in different directions. Subsidies are provided for the construction, acquisition and modernization of the fishing fleet, construction and modernization of factories. Since 2016, an additional incentive has appeared: subsidies for reimbursement of part of the cost of paying the first installment or advance payment under lease agreements, as well as the share of reimbursement of costs for paying lease payments under lease agreements and interest on investment loans - from one third to two thirds.
With the support of the state, the implementation of projects of significance for the industry continues. It is a project for the construction of a fish processing plant in the village of Krasnoe (2,2 billion rubles is invested by Tymlat RKZ), a project of the complex in the village of Ustevoye (200 million rubles of Vityaz-Avto investments), a project of the plant in Olyutorsky district (500 million rubles, KZB-Donka ").
The Lenin Fishing Collective Farm as part of a major investment project is building several newest fishing trawlers. In November 2017, the lead vessel of the series, the trawler-seiner "Leninets", was launched, almost at the exit from the stocks there are two more vessels. The second trawler-seiner of the SK-3101R project, being built by the order of the enterprise at the Yantar Baltic shipyard, is expected to be launched on March 30.
The vessels of the project, recalls the chairman of the collective farm, Sergei Tarusov, are able to take up to 700 tons of fresh raw materials in tanks, keeping the quality of products up to seven days, which expands the area from which it is possible to transport raw materials for coastal processing. "This is exactly the problem faced by fishermen who supplied the raw material to the shore processing, directly handed over the raw material in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.The vessels are capable of fishing with various fishing gears.This is a purse seine, they will be ready to learn new resources suitable for our areas: herring, mackerel, and mackerel, and they will also fish with trawls, and for one trawling the ship is able to catch up to 300 tons at a time, in spite of its small size, "says Sergei Tarusov.
In addition, ships of this type need a crew of only 12 people instead of 25, and this will "increase the salaries of employees," said Sergei Tarusov. "We will receive the Leninets at the plant in September, the passage to Kamchatka will take 45 days. I think that in December the vessel will already start fishing in the Far East," said the head of the enterprise. "The third vessel will arrive in April 2019, that is, in fact, we are a program we will sell and close in a year. " The order cost the collective farm 4,5 billion rubles.
As part of the industry modernization program, 18 modern factories have been built on the coasts of Kamchatka, the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East noted. Kamchattralflot and Rybnaya Dolina also received the status of residents of the territory of advanced development "Kamchatka" with the right to receive tax and other preferences, in addition to the fishing collective farm named after Lenin and the company "Gorod 415". The Lenin collective farm, for example, is implementing two processing projects: the construction of an onshore processing complex in Seroglazka Bay worth 3,2 billion rubles, which will produce up to 600 tons of frozen products and more than 150 finished products per day, and an onshore processing plant in the village of Oktyabrsky.
Tymlatsk fish processing plant was selected for inclusion in the state program "Social and economic development of the Far East and the Baikal region" - in July 2018, the company plans to commission a new fish processing plant. "The plant is being built on the Kichiga River. A large fish processing complex for 400 tons of finished products will be created. We have already formed the infrastructure necessary for this plant to work. We decided to transfer fish processing to the shore, create new jobs here. In total, it is planned to create about 400-450 new jobs, "says the investor's representative Alexander Litvinenko.
"An important indicator: since 2008, our companies have invested more than 25 billion rubles in development and modernization. The conditions created for the fish industry in the region continue to attract large market players to Kamchatka - in 2017, another of the largest Far Eastern organizations with the volume of production quotas was re-registered in the region about 73 thousand tons. As a result, the volume of tax revenues in 2017 amounted to 6,5 billion rubles, "says Kamchatka Governor Vladimir Ilyukhin. The volumes of tax revenues from the industry, we note, are growing annually: in 2017, the increase was 10%, in 2016 - 30%.