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What is Kamchatka
"The fish, food and mining industries are our foundation"
About the "three pillars" of the economy of Kamchatka, about innovative fertilizers from fish waste and why in Moscow there is practically no caviar of roe - EastRussia was told by the vice-chairman of the government of the Kamchatka Territory Marina Saturday.
- Marina Anatolievna, Kamchatka has a subsidized budget, it's not a secret. How do you work on increasing the share of own funds?
- Yes, if the total budget of the region is somewhere 50 billion rubles, then its own income in it is about 20. We are trying to increase the share of our own revenues to the budget, but so far it does not happen as quickly as we would like.
The fish, food and mining industries are our foundation.
The fish industry brings a significant amount of tax revenues to the budget and has been the leading producer of fish in the country for several years (Kamchatka extracts more than 20% of fish). Thanks to investments in the fishing industry, this trend will continue. We have built a lot of modern fish processing plants, having invested more than 10 billion rubles in them over the past three years. This is all private investment. The industry is supported only by subsidizing the interest rate - and this is important.
Until recently, a lot of fish left for us abroad, but because of the current situation with import substitution, we are ready to supply fish to the European part of the country, including the Northern Sea Route. We already had such experiences, when we were shipping steamships, and the fish calmly reached Murmansk and further fell into our European part.
In addition, we work with entrepreneurs to open stores in Moscow and the region. We are striving to have separate shops with our brand, because it is very difficult to communicate the difference to the buyer and achieve recognition when all food products, including those grown artificially, are presented on the counter.
In addition, we are ready to bring our mineral water to the domestic market. Visiting the capital, I have not found one like our “Malkinskaya” (this is not my patriotism). We are ready to offer sausages and pastries - for example, “Bird's milk”, “Blue Lake”, “Meteorite” of the Kamchatka food factory.
- In Moscow, some metro stations have small shops where they sell Sakhalin caviar and seafood. Will you adopt the experience of neighbors and create specialized networks in the capital?
- While in Moscow there are no specialized shops where Kamchatka roe will be sold. Last year at the fair "Golden Autumn" in Moscow we saw the sign "Kamchatka caviar". Come - lies whitefish, it's not ours, caviar, too. Only in one place caviar was Kamchatka. Therefore, to say with certainty, how much that is sold in the capital, has to do with Kamchatka, I can not. Organized trade, we have not yet come, only with some network stores agreed on the supply. But the share is still very small.
- How are the mining and manufacturing industries developing?
- Even in a crisis in the country's economy as a whole, these areas show growth rates. In Kamchatka, in addition to the TOP, investment projects are being formed. On this line, we announced four projects. The investment project for gold mining at the Ozernovskoye field was the first Kamchatka project to receive state support for infrastructure development. Another important project for the development of Kamchatka's mining industry is the construction of Ametistovy GOK.
The project for the construction of a mine in the Baranyevskoye gold mine is in the process of project documentation. Why are we declared in the Ministry of East Development? We have difficulties in the region with infrastructure - these are roads and electricity. Each of these projects will receive support for the construction of, for example, or roads, or power lines. This is very important for us, since the creation of infrastructure not only stimulates economic growth, but also affects the development of nearby villages.
- Is the Sokoch project just a livestock complex or a food industry?
- Today there is very little in Kamchatka as such unprocessed products in agriculture. Enterprises have their processing plants. Therefore, this is the second industry, which last year gave us 11% growth, and today it also pays 10% to the level of the previous year. This is a serious pace, especially if we consider that there is a crisis in the country. Therefore, the industry is also recognized as a priority. We are talking not only about import substitution, but also about providing Kamchatka with our own food. At the moment we produce 30% milk, 12-13% meat, 70-80% eggs and almost completely provide ourselves with potatoes and vegetables (the difference is only for early products).
Now in Sokoche we have built the first stage of the agro farm "Sokoch". Later, there will be the reproduction of pigs, and in the village of Lesnoye, land is allocated for the construction of a livestock complex for 36 thousand heads. We imported a Canadian breed of pigs. We forwarded them by plane from Canada.
Among the important projects for Kamchatka are the reconstruction of the broiler poultry factory in the Elizovo District. Practically 8,5 thousand tons of poultry meat - consumption in Kamchatka. A broiler poultry farm is the project that will provide 5 thousand tons.
It is impossible not to say about the hothouse economy. Today in Kamchatka there is no organized large industrial hothouse economy, but only private ones. And the first projects for us will appear within the territory of the advanced development (TOP) "Kamchatka". This is the agro-industrial park "Zelenovskie ozerki", where we plan to build two greenhouse complexes, there are already investors. The land is allocated for the construction of a greenhouse complex at 5 ha in the Vulkannoy area. Carrying cucumbers and tomatoes is expensive, especially since we can grow vegetables ourselves. This is a fairly promising direction. Before the imposition of the embargo on Kamchatka, there were Spanish vegetables, now many Chinese. But we are sure that our quality will be higher.
- How are you going to achieve high yields? Some thermal waters are unlikely to help ...
- In the development of agriculture, we also engaged science. The company "Biotechnology" has developed an innovative fertilizer from fish waste, trying to obtain documents for the invention. The company has already built a small greenhouse, growing salads, vegetables and mushrooms. Now the effect of these fertilizers is being investigated on forage crops in Kamchatka conditions. We import solid fertilizers from the central part of the country where chemical production is developed. It is clear that transportation costs are not very comfortable impact on the cost of fertilizers (we have to subsidize them) and subsequent products.
Our fertilizer - organic and in composition corresponds to complex additives. It can also be used as hydroponics in greenhouses for growing vegetables. The first salads in pots, cucumbers and tomatoes confirm the effectiveness. In addition, the production of a new fertilizer will solve the ecological problem: of course, fishmeal is prepared from fish waste in the province, but some of it is still used for recycling. And here it will be practically non-waste production.
- Where is it planned to sell local products?
- In addition to sales in supermarkets, we are working to create a chain of stores of local producers. It is the initiative of business - to create platforms for the realization of its products. In such stores is much lower prices, because the supplies go without intermediaries. Plus we take on a portion of the rent. And, accordingly, due to this, we dictate to manufacturers the condition that the product be percent on 20 is exactly lower than in other stores. Today, fish processing and agricultural enterprises are involved in this project, and large farmers are entering. Under this scheme, we already have four shops in the city, we are negotiating the opening of a store in Elizovo. These points with natural products are popular, so we do not have problems with the sale of the goods. We even think about switching to another format - the creation of supermarkets of local products.
- You talked about livestock and vegetable production. And how is the dairy industry represented in the province?
"We have natural milk. State Farm "Zarechny" last year built a new plant, which produces modern "tetrapak" kefir, acidophilus, fermented. The products, of course, are not stored for a month, because without additives.
We have built a new plant in the Milkovo district. In Bystrinsky and Ust-Kamchatsky districts - small modular complexes for processing. The base is created, we are working on the reconstruction of livestock buildings. In the city is the former state farm Petropavlovskiy (we call it since Soviet times), now the Zaozerny cooperative - it cooperates with the city dairies: the dairy plant is equipped with modern equipment to process the products of the cattle-breeding complex. And the cattle breeding complex was reconstructed, as they say, "according to the last word": robots have been installed, and the cows will be kept free from any contamination.
- According to the results of the National Rating of the Investment Climate in the Subjects of the Russian Federation in 2015, which was prepared by the Agency for Strategic Initiatives together with leading business associations, the Kamchatka Territory was the first in the Far East and 32 in the country. Have such positions become a surprise for you?
- Of course. But we are pleased that the business appreciated our efforts to create an investment climate in the region. To date, the investment boom in absolute numbers has not happened. We worked more on tax relief legislation, introduced regulatory impact assessments, we discuss all the regulations together with the business. Given that we are a subsidized region, it is difficult for us to do this.
- How to attract investment to the edge?
- Investments in one day will not go to the region, especially with our severe restriction in infrastructure. When we discussed the tourist and recreational site on Paratunka, the main problem was water, as the current water conduit is at the limit, and we need to build a new one from the Upper Paratuno sources. Finally, it was decided that this infrastructure will be built - and we have a bunch of residents who want to create projects nearby. Therefore, expectations are largely associated with the removal of infrastructure constraints.
If we talk about the mining industry, then in the territory of the region there are many unconfirmed reserves of deposits. Investments in the industry are on. And these are major projects, including the creation of jobs.
In agriculture, powerful, in terms of cost, greenhouse complexes. But we do not shy away from small projects, and reconstruction is done step-by-step - this is also an investment. Therefore, I think that, probably, a tangible growth in investment will start here next year.
In recent years, the volume of investment has declined. But this year for the first half of the year we received growth of more than 8%.
We have always paid much attention to infrastructure, built a runway, gas pipeline, bridges. This is the artery that gives life to our regions. Today, please, openly a normal message, available at any time of the year, with Ust-Kamchatsky is the area where we have a lot of fish enterprises.
We pin great hopes on the territory of advanced development, within which the infrastructure will be built, and investors will be provided with benefits. TOR "Kamchatka", consisting of several sites, the only TOR of such a plan in the Far East.
- You named the TOP "Kamchatka", four investment projects. It is clear that Russian companies become participants in many projects. Foreign investors show interest in the sites?
"Last year we held an Investment Forum in Kamchatka, and all the time I remember one Japanese who said:" I've heard a lot about Kamchatka. It must be seen. You must bring people here, you must bring the foreigners and show them to her. Indeed, the impression is completely different. "
For example, Indians came to us, they are interested in coal. The Kamchatka Territory Development Corporation is now working with them.
We have a lot of connections with the Chinese. They have been visiting our “Golden Autumn” for several years; we had them at the Russian-Chinese Expo last year. And this year, we have a lot of delegations from China, which, among other things, are considering sites in the port and in the Torus Kamchatka.
With the Koreans, an agreement has been concluded between Kamchatka (we and Primorye), they conduct an analysis of our economy and give us recommendations on how to present it to businessmen of Korea, as they understand their investors better.
The Japanese have a slightly cool relationship, so to say, the matter "stalled". But a couple of years ago the interest of their business to us was great.
And in the Amur region, and in Primorye, there are many foreign investors, but there is practically no free land left. And for a long time we remained a closed region, and now, I think, we are the most promising area, with the attention that the state pays to the Far East.
- Is there enough labor to implement large-scale projects?
- Specialists will have to attract and prepare. Despite all the economic crises, the indicators on the labor market are stable, the unemployment rate is low. We are working to attract specialists: within the state program there is support for the acquisition of housing, some lifting. So, last year more than 80 doctors came to us. Plus, the construction of a large regional hospital is underway, it will also require highly qualified specialists.
Now we are talking about training for the economy as a whole. Of course, our local technical schools and universities - Technical University - are preparing professionals. But they are not enough.
At the St. Petersburg Economic Forum, I met with the first vice-rector of the Polytechnic University of St. Petersburg. We discussed several options for cooperation. You can find ready-made personnel in the Leningrad region, attract students to practice or enter into contracts with graduates, offering them normal conditions, or, realizing that the project will start in about 3-4-5 years, produce a target enrollment to the university, and this mechanism the state is ready to support. To the educational program, we pull up entrepreneurs. We have created a “one window” where any initiator with a business plan can declare. When we let this project go to work, we see how much and what kind of personnel it needs. If this is a real project, then the businessman “raises” the staff for himself. Here, the target set plays a certain role, and the entrepreneur provides practice and, perhaps, even pays for travel. Accessibility flight should be. This is one of the factors that hinders the involvement of specialists from other regions.
There are a lot of graduates in different parts of the country who work not in their specialty. And if today in Kamchatka there are modern production and social guarantees, then they will go to us. Kamchatka is different: those who have not been here for ten years, come and are surprised.