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"We actually wrote" The Cruiser "on stage"

"We actually wrote" The Cruiser "on stage"

Efim Zvenyatsky

Artistic director of the Primorsky Theater named after Gorky

The play "Cruiser" was staged at the Primorsky Theater. Gorky on the 110th anniversary of the end of the Russian-Japanese war. Its premiere was a high-profile event in the cultural and social life of Vladivostok. The plot is built around a Russian cruiser, which, surrounded by the Japanese, does not give up and sinks with a raised flag. Strong music, a powerful finale - a descending net with peakless caps personifying the dead sailors - it is difficult for the audience to hold back tears.

The play was written by the main theater director Yefim Zvenyatsky and director Yuri Chernyshov. The premiere of the play was sold out in December 2014. This year, tickets are sold for the whole season.

On the eve of Defender of the Fatherland Day, the artistic director of the theater, People's Artist of Russia and honorary resident of Vladivostok, Efim Zvenyatsky, told correspondent Alena Timofeeva about patriotism, respect for history and why it was difficult to transfer the Cruiser to the stage.

- Efim Samuilovich, who was the author of the idea of ​​the play? How did the Cruiser start?

- After one of our performances, the Minister for the Development of the Far East, Alexander Galushka, a man who is not indifferent to theater, music, poetry, and philosophy, started talking about the fact that it would be nice to stage a play based on the novel “Cruiser” by Pikul in our theater. I said with my usual optimism: “of course!”, Not realizing at that moment how difficult it was. So, in fact, the "Cruiser" began. I never intended to stage this novel because it is an extremely difficult work to translate into stage language.

- What was the most difficult thing in preparing this performance?

- To write a play - to translate Pikul's language into the language of the stage. The whole work took 5 months. For a repertory theater, which must earn money and put out at least one performance in 2-3 months, this is a lot. I even had to interrupt the rehearsal process. We actually wrote The Cruiser on stage. Gathered, read not only Pikul, but also a lot of additional historical literature on the Russian-Japanese war. We needed somewhere to supplement the production with historical details, and somewhere to reduce what the writer wrote. For example, Pikul speaks very reservedly about the church, but for me the religious motives in the play are extremely important. It was useless to write about the tsar at the time when the novel was being written, but on the contrary, I am very interested in his fate and the fate of the imperial family. Pikul had to make a lot of censorship remarks, since the novel was written in the Soviet years. We needed to reveal these remarks.

We worked on the production for a long time - on stage, in the office, and as a result, it got a lively intonation - I saw how people change. Almost indifferent, skeptical or closed actors began to respond very seriously to this story. And three courses of students ... I saw how in 5 months they began to rush to rehearsals, began to live the role with pride and tears appeared in their eyes. And today I know that the "Cruisers" are extremely important for them, they replaced them with the course of a young soldier or a year of service in the army.

- Who helped prepare the play?

- For the first time in the history of the theater, the federal Ministry of Culture allocated money for the production of the performance. Alexander Galushka became the "translator" of this whole story for the department. We couldn't have done it ourselves. These sets, which I made in St. Petersburg, this is a movie that we shot in Moscow, these costumes (about 200 costumes were made only for sailors - Russian and Japanese). We were able to cover all these costs.

The former Rector of FESTU Gennady Turmov, a highly educated man and a military theoretician, and Captain First Rank Vladimir Piskaykin helped prepare the performance. Turmov historically explored the motifs, cruisers, the sea, Japan. A Piskaykin taught to build, give commands, correctly give signals with the help of flags and so on.

We have gathered the entire troupe of the theater, three courses of students, classical ballet of the choreographic studio, which has been working with us for many years. A lot of people participated. However, the play assumes such a dense population. But somehow it turned out that this "many" became a single whole. It's worth a lot. People were suddenly inspired by this wonderful idea. "Cruisers" is about everything - how I love, how I loved or did not love, how my daughter goes to school and how she will live on ...

- What is the main thing for you, as a director and a person, in “Cruisers”?

“I’m probably a conservative person, and for me, the mood of people who are trying to return Vladivostok to its dignity, which at some point was lost, is still very important. Pride, officer's honor and love are important to me. It seems to me that these qualities were lost then by the cruisers in the metal and grinding.

We don't know our history. No one knows what Vladivostok was like in the XNUMXth - early XNUMXth centuries, who are Kunst and Albers, Yul and Rock Brynners, what the names of the streets mean - Svetlanskaya, Aleutskaya. For me, these are very expensive things. Therefore, along with the return of names, the return of memory is also important. I sincerely think that after watching "Cruisers" on the stage of the theater, the attitude of Vladivostok residents to their past and to the city is changing. I believe that the hearts of people in the auditorium are filled with patriotism.

By the way, the performance attracted a lot more audience than we expected. Tickets are sold out until June. We are currently negotiating the possibility of showing this performance in Moscow. I would like to be given it in Sevastopol and St. Petersburg - cities that are directly related to the fleet.


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