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Bridges of race
The Blagoveshchensk-Heihe Bridge demonstrates better dynamics than Nizhneleninsk-Tongjiang
According to the reports of the Amur officials, the project to create the Blagoveshchensk-Heihe Bridge after 20 years of discussions reached a stage of practical implementation. The concession agreement and a loan agreement have been initialed, providing for the allocation of funds by the Chinese bank to the entire construction site. In the dry end, the construction of the bridge will be financed from the budgets of the Amur Region and the Chinese province of Heilongjiang.
From the source associated with the organization of works on the construction of the bridge, the EastRussia correspondent learned that the development of project documentation for the project is now quite successfully. The bridge is designed with three navigable spans, which will have a construction of 140 meters in length with the height of the supports 17 meters. Project decisions were approved at public hearings in the Amur Region and approved by the Government of the region. And this despite the fact that at the design stage it was necessary to harmoniously match and comply with both Russian and Chinese construction norms, which is not an easy task at the objects of such complexity.
In the previous iterations, which originated back in the Russian-Chinese agreement on the construction of a bridge from 1995, the facility was seen as a combined - both road and rail. To date, a decision has been made to abandon the railway section. The Governor of the Amur Region, Alexander Kozlov, described this as the first stage: "The first stage of the project implementation envisages the construction of a road bridge, the second - a railway" - said Alexander Kozlov. According to EastRussia source, the project documentation takes into account the fundamental possibility of building a railway component in the future, but this part is not included in the project.
According to some experts interviewed by EastRussia, the abandonment of the railway section of the bridge, while making the project cheaper, casts doubt on the economic feasibility of its implementation. The skeptics' assumptions are based on the fact that Russian exports to China are almost not transported by road, so there is a risk that the traffic on the bridge will be mostly one-sided - from China. From this point of view, as the interlocutors of EastRussia say, there will not be a special exclusion at the bridge - car border crossings and so there is on the Amur, in winter on ice, in summer by ferry - a win only in year-round availability and in time that goes to the ferry.
At the same time, EastRussia was able to find out if the combined road-rail configuration had been hypothetically implemented - no one would have given guarantees for the cargo traffic either. Thus, according to Alexey Zamkov, head of the transport market development department at the Institute of Economy and Transport Development, there is no confidence in the possibility of making any significant volumes of rail traffic on the Blagoveshchensk-Heihe route.
"Russian Railways currently has only conceptual statements of the Government of the Amur Region on the availability of a prospective cargo base necessary for the effective implementation of the project to build the railway bridge Blagoveshchensk-Heihe. No substantiated confirmation of the declared cargo flows from the companies-cargo owners has been received to RZD till now, "said Alexey Zamkova. According to the expert, long-term strategic documents of the Ministry of Transport of Russia and JSC Russian Railways do not provide for the railway traffic along the route Blagoveshchensk-Heihe, although they are accentuated on the intensification of rail freight traffic in Russian-Chinese transport and economic relations. At the same time, the existing railway border crossings of Zabaikalsk - Manchuria, Grodekovo - Suifenhe and Mahalino - Hunchun have the potential for development; significant prospects are associated with the construction of the railway bridge Nizhneleninskoye - Tongjiang.
Priamurye officials note that the bridge is built on the prospect: "First of all, the bridge is designed for the development of regional economies, foreign trade turnover, investment cooperation, development of border zones," explains Marina Dedyushko, the first deputy chairman of the Amur Region Government.
Prospects for the Blagoveshchensk-Heihe Bridge are linked, among other things, with new initiatives in bilateral economic relations, noted in the Ministry of Regional Development of Russia. - For example, with the advent of TOP "Priamurskaya" in the immediate vicinity of the bridge construction site. The representative of the Ministry in a conversation with a correspondent of EastRussia mentioned that this territory of advanced development was originally called the TOP "Predmostovaya" - because it was primarily aimed at the work of the bridge. From the bridge, the name of the TOP was rejected, but not in its concept: the industries created here are aimed at intensive economic interaction with China.
"A cement clinker plant has already been built by the Chinese investor in the Taimir Priamurskaya, an oil refinery for exporting products to China will be created, a transport and logistics complex will be built for the work of the future bridge," the Ministry of Regional Development explained.
The total cost of building a road bridge in Blagoveshchensk-Heihe and all its associated infrastructure is 18,8 billion rubles. The construction period is 3 years, the approximate year of the beginning of the bridge operation is 2019. The length of the entire bridge crossing with an abutment is 20,2 km, on the Russian side - 12,9 km. The length of the bridge is part of the structure that covers the river - 1081 m. The bridge will be located in the vicinity of the village of Kanikurgan, road access roads will be adjacent to the federal highway - access to the city of Blagoveshchensk at 114 km. In accordance with the project, it is planned to build an overpass, the design of which is taking into account the possible flood.