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Jewish autonomy plans to revive the construction of the Nizhneleninsky - Tongjiang transition
The authorities of the EAO together with Gazprombank intend to unfreeze the construction of the railway bridge Nizhneleninskoye - Tongjiang (China). According to the adjusted plans, a new border crossing should be made in 2020 year. At the same time, the start of operation of the facility should be synchronized with the reconstruction of the international checkpoint and the Birobidzhan-Leninsk railway line, without the development of which the future crossing will not be able to master the declared volumes.
Gazprombank plans to open financing to complete the construction of a cross-border bridge across the Amur. Corresponding negotiations at the end of November were held by the head of the EAO Alexander Levintal with representatives of a financial organization. The governor noted that the bank is involved in large industrial projects of the region. In particular, he provided Kimkano-Sutarsky Mining and Processing Plant LLC (part of the Petropavlovsk-Chernaya Metallurgi group of companies) a loan of $ 240 million for eight years under the cover of Petropavlovsk PLC.
As specified in the regional government, currently the mine is preparing to reach the full production capacity of 3,2 million tons of iron ore concentrate per year. In addition to the ongoing development of the Kimkansky iron ore deposit, preparations are underway for the development of neighboring Sutarsky. According to experts, the resources will last for several decades of the plant. So far, GOK products are being transported to China through the Grodekovo checkpoint in Primorye. With the opening of a cross-border bridge in the area of the village of Nizhneleninskoye, the enterprise will have a reduced transport shoulder for ore exports, which means logistics costs.
Help: The first railway bridge between Russia and China will connect the village of Nizhneleninsky in the EAO and the island of Huydao of the Tongjiang city county of Jiamusi. The bridge crossing will be the first such construction between countries on four thousand km of the common border. Its total length - 2 209 meters, including the Russian part - 309 meters. The passage is designed as a single-track railway bridge of the combined track 1 520 and 1 435 mm for the passage of Russian and Chinese rolling stock. The Russian part of the bridge was previously valued at more than 10,5 billion rubles.
According to the governor, the resumption of financing for construction will allow to complete the bridge crossing in 2020 year. Gazprombank did not comment on the provision of funds for these purposes. The Russian Direct Investment Fund, which, together with China Investment Corporation, created the Russian-Chinese Investment Fund, which was entrusted with the implementation of the project, did not respond to the request from EastRussia.
Last spring, the bridge builders of the two countries docked both parts of the railway bridge. The deadline for construction was then called the end of the 2019 year. The contractor, IC Most, refrained from commenting on the progress of construction. According to an informed source, the work came up on the approaches to the construction, their total length is about five km. The reconstruction of the Nizhneleninskoye checkpoint, which should be ready for the organization of international railway traffic, was also suspended.
According to Andrei Tulugoev, the first deputy head of the Federal State-Funded Institution "Rosgranstroy", the site has completed the planning of the territory, arrangement of structural elements of buildings and structures, driving piles, and the creation of treatment facilities. In the future, it became necessary to adjust the design and estimate documentation, including taking into account the flood situation in the region when a flood occurred in the region.
“At present, the project is ready for implementation. Preparatory work is underway to resume construction. The completion of the first stage of reconstruction is planned for the 2020 year, ”said the representative of the Federal State Institution Rosgranstroy.
According to him, at the initial stage, it is planned to erect an administrative building to accommodate the employees of control bodies, a flyover for customs and border control, the checkpoint will be equipped with railroad scales, a radioactive material detection system, and other technical equipment.
In 2020, the reconstruction of the section of the Far Eastern Railway Birobidzhan - Leninsk, which is a branch from the Trans-Siberian Railway and leads to the bridge under construction, should be completed. Without the development of this line, the future checkpoint will not be able to master the declared volumes of transportation.
For the modernization of the 121-kilometer section of Birobidzhan-Leninsk, Russian Railways plans to allocate 5,7 billion rubles, after which the annual throughput of the route will increase to 13,3 million tons. This, according to the head of the Far Eastern Railways Nikolai Maklygin, is quite enough in the first years of operation of the border crossing. He noted that a contract for the construction of the bridge, LLC Rubicon (controlled by investment funds), has already concluded an agreement on the provision of services for connecting non-public roads to the infrastructure of Russian Railways.
The return on investment in the Nizhneleninsky-Tongjiang border crossing and approaches to it depends on the volume of transportation. If we only focus on the production of the Kimkano-Sutarsky GOK, the load of the direction will be low, so the bridge should work with a wider cargo base. It is assumed that in the future the cargo turnover at the checkpoint will exceed 20 million tons per year. Earlier, Alexander Levintal did not exclude the possibility that coal from Yakutia and liquefied gas in tanks from Eastern Siberia could go to China through the Nizhneleninsky.
Promising and the attraction of highly profitable container traffic. In particular, the largest railway border crossing with China Zabaikalsk - Manchuria continues to show growth in container handling. In October, 142,5 thousand tons of containerized cargo were exported from Russia through it, which is almost a quarter higher than last year's level. In turn, imports of goods in containers from China grew by 77,5% and amounted to 124 thousand tons.
To maintain container traffic, modern facilities are needed. In 2021, at the Nizhneleninsky railway terminal it is planned to install the latest inspection and inspection complex, informed Rosgranstroy in the Federal State Institution.
“Modern equipment will allow remote monitoring of vehicles and goods without opening containers and without stopping the train when it moves at speeds up to 70 km / h, ensuring a high level of efficiency and safety,” Andrei Tulugoev explained. - In addition, the plans for the 2021 year include the completion of the second stage of the reconstruction of the checkpoint for the creation of an in-depth cargo inspection zone. Both events are currently under construction. ”
At the same time, the Nizhneleninsky-Tongjiang crossing may face competition from other transport corridors. In the Amur Region, adjacent to the EAO, work is being completed on the Blagoveshchensk-Heihe automobile bridge, which is being erected on the basis of a concession agreement. The cross-border traffic will be served by the Kanikurgan Customs and Logistics Terminal (TLT), which is expected to be fully commissioned before 2024.
His investors (the project is initiated by the Region group of companies) have ambitious plans. In the first year of operation, the terminal, together with the border crossing, is planning to go from 1,8 million to 3,2 million tons of cargo, including container cargo. It is predicted that in the future it will process five to nine million tons annually. According to Ernest Doshoyan, a partner of Infra Projects LLC, investors in the construction of the Blagoveshchensk-Heihe bridge count, in particular, on the demand for international road transport from Chinese cargo owners.
“The possibilities for developing a railway to the ports of China are limited. Against the background of the high development of vehicles, prerequisites are being created to make more use of automotive logistics in Blagoveshchensk, ”said Ernest Doshoyan.
At the same time, in Blagoveshchensk, containers can be reloaded from vehicles to the railway and vice versa - the TransContainer terminal is already operating there.
In turn, the leadership of the Far Eastern Railway, realizing that with the opening of the Nizhneleninskoye-Tongjiang bridge, there may be an outflow of cargo from the Grodekovo-Suifenhe direction, which is also one of the links of the Primorye-1 international transport corridor (MTK), they expect to modernize last one.