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Scientists-orientalists about Washington's desire to monitor the Far Eastern ports of the Russian Federation
The US congress initiative to control the largest Far Eastern ports of Vladivostok, Nakhodka, and Vanino for their ties with North Korea is another attempt to extend American jurisdiction to the rest of the world. But if the law is passed, Russia does not oblige it to anything, experts from the Institute of the Far East of the RAS emphasize.
The military expert, a leading researcher at the Institute for Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Vasily Kashin, calls not to exaggerate the significance of the initiative of the lower house of the US Congress, which the day before passed a bill obliging the president to provide Congress with a report on airports and ports that violate the UN Security Council resolutions on North Korea. "This is just a demand of the American representative government for the president that he strengthen the policy of economic strangulation of one of the main ideological enemies of the United States and systematically report this to the Congress. That is, on the one hand - to control how other countries comply with the restrictions imposed by the United Nations against North Korea on trade supply, on the other hand, to bring the matter to an absolute external blockade, so that other countries, like the United States, stop all legal economic ties with the DPRK, - says the expert.
The head of the United States, we recall, is invited to report on whether or not supplies of prohibited goods (weapons, strategic fuel, dual-use technology) to and from North Korea are being prepared or prepared from a number of ports, including three Russian ports - Vanino, Nakhodka and Vladivostok. Note that these are the largest ports of the macroregion. According to the Association of Russian Sea Commercial Ports, for 2016 year the freight turnover in the Far East amounted to 185,5 million tons. Vladivostok, Vanino and Nakhodka accounted for about 36% of cargo turnover, and taking into account the port of Vostochny located in the Wrangel Bay, Nakhodka is 74,5%. The remaining cargo turnover of the MTP is formed by small universal ports, coal ports, the largest of which is the Posjet port in Primorye, and terminals specializing in oil and gas cargo.
Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on International Affairs Konstantin Kosachev has already managed to state that the proposed "force scenario does not fit in my head, as it means the declaration of war" and the Russian authorities hope that the project will never be realized. The bill is yet to be voted in the upper house of parliament, and then it must be signed by President Donald Trump.
"American congressmen once again signed their great" love "for our country. But Russia does not commit to anything, "Vasiliy Kashin says." The UN resolution of last year on limiting trade in the DPRK, we are already respecting. And as for American initiatives - dismiss. If desired, the State Duma of the Russian Federation can adopt a similar law obliging our special services to monitor American ports - Seattle, for example, and others. And annually report this to the Federal Assembly. "
"In fact, we are dealing with another attempt by the US to extend its internal jurisdiction to the rest of the world, and to make its ideological enemies enemies of the whole world. Such attempts should be stopped at the international level, within the framework of the same UN, "said Yevgeny Kim, senior staff and head of the Center for Korean Studies at the Institute of the Far East of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Note that Russia's share in the DPRK's foreign trade turnover over 2016 for the year is small - just over 2%. Last year, according to the Federal Customs Service, 1,37 million tons of goods were exported to North Korea for $ 68,05 million. Of these, 1,23 million tons (or $ 51,09 million) is coal. Most of the fuel supplies go through the special economic zone “Rason” in the North Korean port of Rajin: Russia uses one of its terminals with a capacity of up to 5 million tons per year for transshipment of coal, which is delivered by rail. The second most important export item to the DPRK is food. Machines and equipment to North Korea Rossi exported $ 2016 million for 2,8 a year, with $ 1,33 million accounted for cars, $ 0,74 million for gas turbines and turbo-jets.