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Billions in coal

Key coal projects of the Far East in the context of the WEF

Among the investment projects published on the website of the Eastern Economic Forum, which was held 6-7 September in Vladivostok, many were associated with the coal industry. However, not all coal projects were lighted at the event, something remained behind the scenes.

Billions in coal
Special project Coal of the East of Russia
Geographically, coal reserves are concentrated mainly in the bowels of Yakutia and the Amur Region, the Khabarovsk Territory and Sakhalin. And it is not surprising: in the territory of Yakutia, famous for its diamonds, is the famous South Yakut coal basin. Its reserves are mainly coking coals of quite high quality (they are characterized by low phosphorus and sulfur content). Due to favorable conditions of occurrence of coal seams, they can be developed in an open way.

Also in Yakutia "go" two more large coal basins - Tunguska and Lensky. In Lenskoye, strata of stone and brown coals have been identified, and in Tunguska there are also anthracites. However, both of them have been studied much worse than the South Yakut basin, due to poor accessibility and severe climate, as well as the Zyryan basin, where coal is localized.

Unlike Yakutia, single deposits of brown coal have been found in the Amur Region, and only in some - contain coals. A similar situation takes place on Sakhalin, only here the coal is predominant, although there are brown coal deposits in the center and south of the island. In the Khabarovsk Territory there is a "slice" of the South Yakut basin, plus in the south-west of the region is located the Bureinsky Coal Basin, there are several independent deposits of brown coal. In the Primorsky Territory, Partizansky and Razdolnensky coal-coal and Uglovsky brown coal basins and solitary deposits are located.

The structure of the mineral resource base of coal and predetermined the distribution of production between the regions of the Far East. Today, coal mining is concentrated exclusively in Yakutia and Sakhalin, in the Amur Region, Khabarovsk and Primorye. True, at the end of last year Chukotka returned to the family of the coal-mining regions of the Far East. Even in Soviet times, underground mining of the Bering coal basin was conducted here. Despite the excellent quality of local coals, their production has relatively recently come to naught, but was resumed thanks to the project of the Australian company Tigers Realm Coal to develop the field Fandyushkinsky field.

In July, Tigers Realm Coal shipped the first shipment of coal to China and clearly will not stop there. Its priorities include the creation of an enrichment plant and the output of coal mining at the level of 1 million tons per year, the reconstruction of the Beringovsky port and the involvement of the Amaam field in operation.

Among the coal-related projects that were proposed to be presented at the forum, one wants to realize the port of Vanino (Khabarovsk Territory): the company intends to build a specialized terminal for transshipment of coal. Investments in it are estimated at almost 37 billion rubles, the maximum cargo turnover should be 24 million tons of coal per year. The key customer is the company "Kolmar", which produces coal in Yakutia for the subsequent export to the countries of Asia. In addition, Kolmar is implementing the project "Ignalina", within which 1 2018 quarter should be established mine "East Denisovskaya" with an annual capacity of 4 million tons of coal and a new concentrator with a capacity of 6 million tons of coal per year .

JSC "Vostochny Port" (Primorsky Territory) is another port project. It consists in creating the third stage of a specialized coal complex, which will double coal transshipment to 40 million tons per year. It will cost the same project in a serious amount - 30,6 billion rubles. Although at a cost it is inferior to the Vanino port project, but it has already invested 24 billion rubles (in the case of Vanino - 4,6 billion rubles).

The project of organizing a plant for the production of synthetic liquid fuel based on brown coal from the Pavlovsky deposit (Primorsky Territory) can be called extremely curious. Due to their processing, it is planned to produce up to 135 thousand tons of gasoline, 365 thousand tons of diesel fuel and 500 thousand tons of fuel oil per year. The project is being promoted by a private person and requires capital investments of 17 billion rubles. To be fair, I would like to note that the project raises many questions. In principle, there are many ways to obtain liquid fuel from coal, and they were developed long ago (not without reason it was produced in large quantities in Germany - a country poor in oil and rich in coal). But given the current oil prices, such an enterprise may turn out to be uncompetitive for classic oil refineries.

However, in the Far East, companies that did not present their projects on the site of the Eastern Economic Forum continue their activities.

For example, Amursky Coal (part of the Russian Coal Group) in January-June 2017 produced over 1,5 million tons of brown coal at the Yerkovtsi field, exceeding the planned figure by 115 thousand tonnes. In the coming years, "Amur Coal" plans to increase coal production to 2,3-2,5 million tons of coal, in the long term - up to 3,5 million tons per year, depending on the needs of thermal power plants in the Far East.

The Mechel Group is developing the exploitation of the huge Elginsky deposit, which is distinguished not only by the favorable geological conditions of reservoir development, but also by the excellent quality of coal (high calorific value and volatile matter content, low concentrations of sulfur, phosphorus and nitrogen). In general, Mechel intends to raise production and 2018. It is expected to be at the level of 23 million tons, including 4,5 million tons can be obtained at the Elginskoye field.

At the Eastern Economic Forum, the company "Suchan-Ugol", having entered into an agreement with the Corporation for the Development of the Far East, received the status of a resident of the free port of Vladivostok. In it, "Suchan-Ugol" plans to organize a cluster by restoring the mine "Central", closed in 2014 year, and the emergence of new enterprises. The cluster will engage in the extraction, enrichment and sale of coal.

Also, the Eastern Mining Company (WGC) signed a memorandum of understanding with the Japanese corporation Marubeni. Although his details are not disclosed, it is logical to assume that Marubeni will be invited to create a cluster on the basis of the Omsukchan Coal Basin (Magadan Oblast), which has significant reserves of anthracites suitable for use in the energy and industrial sectors. But without reliable roads between the deposits of the Omsukchan cluster and the coast of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and a terminal for transshipping coal to sea vessels, the cluster project risks being an attractive idea on paper.

Among the "nevefovskih" projects mention is worthy of the planned Krutogorovskoye coal deposit located on Kamchatka. 26 October there should be an auction to obtain a license for its development, the main contender is the Indian Tata Power. Tata Power's interest in the Krutogorovsky field is quite understandable: India depends heavily on the import of coal and in it it is the main energy carrier. In addition, Tata Power wants to expand its energy capacity, making a bet on coal-fired power generation. However, what the investor would have won in the auction auction, he will have to build an industrial, transport and related infrastructure, including a terminal on the shores of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk and the road from it to the field.
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