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Myths and Tariffs
Energy of the regional center of the EAO lives in conditions of chronic underfunding
The Far East is an "unpriced" zone. It's no secret that tariffs for heat and electricity are not set on the basis of market laws, but are regulated at the state level. It is conditioned by the climate, first of all. In the second, state policy, which artificially understates electricity tariffs for the Far East. Such a practice was introduced immediately with the beginning of electrification of the eastern territories with the establishment of Soviet power and since then its vector has not changed. Kilowatt electricity costs the Far East much more than a resident, say Samara or Ryazan provinces. At the same time, some energy companies spend on energy production, maintenance of equipment of power plants in working order, purchase of fuel, staff salaries and taxes, more money than is included in the tariff for heat energy.
For a short example, you can turn to the power industry of the regional center of the Jewish Autonomous Region - Birobidzhan. No matter how loud it sounds, the tariffs here compensate only part of the cost of buying fuel, salaries and repairs. At the same time, there is not enough money for the modernization of equipment and repairs of networks, which are getting older every year.
It is worth examining the history of the issue. In 2012, the DGK proposed to take into account 34,3 million rubles in tariffs for the repairs of the Birobidzhan CHPP, this amount was approved by the Housing and Utilities Department of the EAO, however, due to restrictions on the growth of tariffs, only 13,9 million rubles were approved. In fact, DGK performed repairs for 15 million rubles, that is, 1,1 million more than it was stipulated in the tariff. In 2013, the DGK asked to approve the repair program for Birobidzhan in the amount of 43,2 million rubles and the Housing and Utilities Department of the EAO supported the power engineers. In the tariffs for heat energy, a repair program was approved for only 17,2 million rubles. Realizing that this is not enough, DGK spent 2013 million rubles on repairs of the station and networks in 27, that is, 10 million rubles more than is included in the tariff. In 2014, DGK asked to approve a repair program in the amount of 39,8 million rubles, the Housing and Utilities Department of the EAO agreed on this amount, but only 21 million rubles were taken into account in the tariffs. DGK invested additional funds in repairs - 5 million rubles, as a result, the work was completed for 26 million rubles. The situation repeated itself in 2015. DGK asked to take into account in the tariff 29 million rubles for repairs, the tariffs approved only 25,3 million rubles. Repairs were carried out for 25,9 million rubles. The company has invested in addition almost 600 thousand rubles in repairs.
When setting tariffs for the first year of the long-term period, JSC "DGC" (for 2016 year) formed a repair program in the amount of 50,8 million rubles. The program was approved by the mayor's office in full. When setting the tariff for heat energy, the cost of repairs is taken into account in the amount of 28,4 million rubles, that is, slightly more than half of the required amount.
Thus, for 5 years, instead of the necessary 196,7 million rubles (which DGC planned to send to maintain the plant's operability) only 105,8 million rubles were agreed. And even in these conditions, for 5 years, repairs were performed not at 105,8 million rubles, but at 124,1 million rubles. That is, DGK in 2012-2016 gg additionally invested "its" 18 million.
This year DGK JSC has formed a repair program in the amount of 30,2 million rubles. The mayor's office agreed on 29,04 million rubles. Realizing that these costs are not enough to prepare the boiler house and heating networks to pass the autumn-winter maximum load, DGK JSC in the business plan for 2017 increased the work plan without having sources of funding. The actual implementation of the repair program for 10 months of 2017 amounted to 26,78 million rubles. The expected implementation in 2017 will amount to 39,2 million rubles (excluding emergency work in November), which is 10,2 million rubles or 32,8% higher than the value provided for in the tariffs for thermal energy. That is, excluding emergency repairs, more than 10 million rubles were spent, mainly in credit.
“We are ready to invest in modernization, equipment repairs, if we understand how these funds will be compensated to us,” the management of DGK notes. What to do if they are not? Apparently, power engineers will again be asked to seek "internal reserves." The only question is how much is enough for them? Especially in the context of chronic non-payment of a poor population. And as if the myths about the "inflexible" energy did not bring the "polar" night closer where it would not seem to be.