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Frozen innovation warmed
How in Yakutia, thanks to the TOR regime, the first greenhouse in the Far North was created in Russia
Photo: LLC "Sayuri"
The project for the construction of the first greenhouse in Russia in permafrost was presented at the initiative of the then Yakutsk Mayor Aysen Nikolayev in May of 2015 during the visit of the Yakut delegation to Japan. In March of 2016 year in Yakutsk the protocol on intentions on realization of the investment project was signed. In the village of Syrdakh construction of an experimental greenhouse with an area of 1 thousand square meters began. m. Before the project was the task to test the Dutch technologies of growing vegetables in a closed ground to provide residents of Yakutsk with organic and fresh vegetables - the first in the series were tomatoes of several varieties.
Experimental greenhouse, counts the director of OOO Sayuri Dmitry Zakharov, demanded an order of 70 million rubles. investments. The loan for the project was provided by the Yakut "Almazergienbank", the partners were, on the one hand, the district administration, on the other - the Japanese Hokkaido Corporation. In June, OOO Sayuri became a resident of the territory of the advanced development of Industrial Park Kangalassy, and in December it produced the first products.
The team of the project, led by Aisen Nikolaev personally, managed to achieve the result in a record time - on the shelves of Yakutsk, first tomatoes appeared, and then cucumbers grown by "Sayuri". The selling price of tomatoes is 300 rubles, at retail - 350 rubles. Cucumbers let go for 250 rubles, retail price reaches 300 rubles. According to the results of 2017 year, 22,6 tons of vegetables were grown in Sayuri, including 16,2 tons of cucumbers and 6,4 tons of tomatoes.
"We went, I think, on the right path, having built an experimental greenhouse first, this is the first experience of growing vegetables in a closed ground in a region with such low temperatures as here, it is really unique." There are no more greenhouses in the northern regions of the country, "says Dmitry Zakharov.
Innovative equipment of the complex - modern equipment and engineering and technological systems - allows to organize continuous production of vegetables in conditions of protected soil with automatic control of microclimate and mineral nutrition of plants with minimum use of manual labor. The experimental greenhouse serves only 9 employees: general manager, chief engineer, chief agronomist, agronomist, vegetable grower, service technician, three gas operators.
According to Dmitry Zakharov, to the second stage of the project, entrepreneurs came even closer: they improved the heating and lighting system, improved the microclimate. Now on the site near the first greenhouse a greenhouse block with an area of 1 ha, a boiler room and a service area are being built - all this should be completed by the end of 2018.
The engineering infrastructure, including gas and electricity supply, lighting, asphalted access roads and a checkpoint were built on budgetary funds to the TOP site, where the Sayuri complex is being built. The second phase of the greenhouse complex will cost 547 million rubles. The payback period of the project is 6-7 years.
By 2020, it is planned to increase the area of greenhouses to 3,2 Ha. By 2021, the enterprise will reach full production capacity - up to 2,2 thousand tons of agricultural products per year. This will close 35-40% of Yakutia's demand for vegetable products.
"The main benefits for TOR residents are tax preferences: for example, for the first five years there is no profit tax, and payments to non-budgetary funds are 7,6% instead of 30%", - lists the advantages of the TOR regime Dmitry Zakharov. True, for the electricity resident pays 4,4 rubles per kWh - on common grounds for legal entities. "Of course, we would be happy if tariffs were lowered for TOR residents, which is a big share of current expenses," the head of Sayuri said.
"Our customers, and the first deliveries we set in preschools and only later - in stores, are very satisfied with the products." Demand from the very first day is very high. "This is an excellent alternative to vegetables that are brought here from China, and an alternative both in taste and in taste benefits, and the absence of harmful chemicals during cultivation, "said Dmitry Zakharov.