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Listvyanka in Chinese
Is it possible to talk about a real "expansion of the Chinese" in the Baikal region, found out EastRussia
Throughout the entire 2017 year, residents of the Baikal villages and villages celebrated the boom of Chinese tourists. The agiotage has already received a negative connotation, rural residents complain that the inhabitants of the Middle Kingdom not only sharply increased the anthropogenic load on the lake, having built many hotels here, but also directly violate Russian legislation in the field of ecology and land management. Especially the Irkutskians are disappointed by the fact that the guides that come with tourists from China tell us about Lake Baikal as their national reservoir in the distant past and the near future, and the Baikal residents themselves are called temporary residents of these territories in their "lectures."
In December 2017, different residents of the Angara region submitted several petitions to draw attention to the mass construction of commercial buildings on the coast of Lake Baikal. The public is outraged not only by the increased pressure on the unprepared treatment facilities of the resort villages, they suspect that most of the land newly allocated by the new Baikal hoteliers is illegally allocated in the ecological zone of the lake. The activists themselves admit that the nationality of the new owners of the hostels, the main part of which came from China, also causes serious concern. Thus, in petitions, located on behalf of the residents of the Baikal Listvyanka settlement, Angara lawyer Yulia Ivanets urges to protect Lake Baikal from "real intervention from the inhabitants of the Middle Kingdom", who have already bought 10% of all land in the most popular tourist village. At the beginning of January 2018 year, almost 60 thousand Russians signed the petition.
- On the fences hang banners in Chinese with barcodes - a smartphone you guide and get all the information about what areas and where to sell. Of course, in Chinese, - said Julia Ivanets correspondent EastRussia. "But most of all he is indignant that the guides tell us about our lake - they say, Baikal temporarily belongs to Russia and in general this is the North Sea of China, which their ancestors had previously settled. No, I myself have not heard them, but many with whom I have spoken, confirm.
Interviewed residents Listvjanki testify - talk about the return of Lake Baikal to China - an indispensable part Lectures Chinese guides.
- Girls from the Baikal museum are recognized when our guides, who know Chinese, face a group of tourists from the PRC - their hair stands on end. They state directly that we are all temporarily living here. When you just have to move out, do not specify, - says Listvyanka resident Sofia Buntovskaya.
The Irkutsk historian Aleksei Petrov admits that he often came across the fact that Chinese tourists go to Russia with their own guide, whose lectures differ greatly from the historical version adopted in our country.
“I wouldn’t say so unequivocally about“ their lake ”, says the Irkutsk historian, candidate of political sciences Alexey Petrov. - Indeed, in the Chinese history textbooks that piece of Russia in which we now live - Eastern Siberia and the Far East - roughly speaking, are called territories temporarily occupied by Russia. According to the state version of the Chinese government, these lands previously belonged to their direct ancestors. But I would not raise the question at all so sharply - yes, there is a possibility that the prototypes of the modern Chinese citizen were related, lived in the territory of modern Eastern Siberia. However, there is no evidence that they lived there, that is, they were sedentary, were for a long time. And even more so, I would not say that Baikal is “their lake”.
The inhabitants of Listvyanka themselves are literally not afraid of literal intervention of the Chinese, they are more concerned with the barbaric attitude to the nature of Lake Baikal on the part of the new neighbors.
- Firstly, the massive buying up of land and the construction of single-storey residential houses on them that are not ordinary for the village, but whole three-story palace hotels gives such a load to the low-power cleaning Listvyanka that it takes a horror, - Sophia Buntovskaya admits. - After all, environmentalists have long recognized that the purification systems can not withstand even the current loads, especially at the height of the tourist season. Last, by the way, we have greatly increased in volume - now not only in summer they go, but in winter too. The Chinese are mostly. I'm not against tourists, I must admit, they feed our village and in general all the Baikal region. But everything must be within the law with observance of all eco-norms. And we do not agree to earn money at the cost of destroying the lake itself. And it is really being destroyed - a new hotel has opened with the announcement of "all amenities" - but where does all this go? All wastes to the ground, then to Baikal.
Listvyanka guest houses and tourist centers are in dangerous proximity to the lake, since the village is located on a narrow strip of land between Baikal and high mountains, which automatically includes its territory not only in the Central Ecological Zone of the Baikal Nature Protection Area, but also in the 500-meter water protection zone of the lake . According to the Water Code, it is strictly forbidden to build commercial objects on these lands, including local sewage treatment plants.
- According to the documents, they do not build hotels, they make them out as residential buildings. But what kind of houses are they, if they live in 50 every day? - asks the rhetorical question Buntovskaya.
Lawyer Yulia Ivanets notes that not only entrepreneurs who bought land for individual housing construction and secretly built commercial buildings there are violating them.
"There are newly allocated lands, and this is a direct violation of not the former heads of settlements, but the present one," she comments. - I do not understand how it is possible in principle, in the same Listvyanka, to take a new land for IZHS now? There a step to the left - an ecological zone, a step to the right - a monument of an archaeological heritage. Take, for example, Pad Krestovaya - just such a monument. And this year there the site along Ostrovsky Street was allocated by the local administration to the Chinese entrepreneur.
By the way, after several appeals of the region's residents to the environmental inspectorates and the prosecutor's office about the questionable legality of a number of buildings of foreign businessmen and land plots, the administration issued a ban on construction at one of the plots. True, the inhabitants of the village note that this happened after a resonance in the media and after the protest to the administration was sent by the prosecutor's office of the Irkutsk region. Some residents Listvyanka on condition of anonymity say that at first the administration of the village even delayed the process of suspension of construction, and note the fact that its mayor issued a ban in October, and until new landowners, he "got" only in December, when TV workers arrived in the village.
As of today, according to the residents of Listvyanka, they are not 10% at all, and about 25% of all lands are owned by Chinese citizens. Some of them quickly obtained Russian citizenship by marrying Russian women, Ivanets notes, but most do not even live in Russia, preferring to travel from China. According to the profile departments, officially foreigners own 26 plots of the resort village. Two of them, after numerous complaints from local residents, were interested in the district prosecutor's office. It turned out that both parts of the plot were tried by a Chinese citizen: the owner of the Listvyansk Municipality issued permission for construction on one of them, the action of the document after the intervention of the prosecutor's office was canceled. The second site, as it turned out, was completely occupied illegally.
At the same time, Rospotrebnadzor in the Irkutsk region is working with a complaint from another resident of Listvyanka about an increase in the radiation background. The villager accuses a Chinese entrepreneur of exceeding the permissible standards, who during the construction uncovered rocks, cutting off coastal rocks. Thus, the activist Grigory Krasovsky announced an increase in the radiation background in the places where rocks were opened up to 35 micro-roentgens per hour, while the norm is 20.
“Our specialists are aware of the situation, the complaint came to us, she is at work,” commented the fears of the Baikal residents to EastRussia in the management press service.
The prosecutor's office also joined the inspection, intending to track the legality of construction with the opening of rocks and changes in the relief. By the way, local scientists fully admit that increased radioactivity may actually take place. According to the well-known Irkutsk ecologist, head of the Irkutsk branch of the Ecological Union of Russia, candidate of biological sciences Vitaly Ryabtsev, granite rocks, as a rule, have "little radioactivity", therefore it is possible that when the rock was opened, the surface, previously hidden by the soil, was exposed, and now " ".
It is noteworthy that the ecologist does not rule out the "nuclear trace" in the high background radiation on Lake Baikal, recalling the results of the research of the scientists of Sosnovgeology, who several years ago proved that after the explosion near Semipalatinsk, the radiation deposition fell even over Lake Baikal.
- Moreover, on Baikal scientists have fixed obvious spots of radiation contamination. I think that both processes can take place, "Ryabtsev concluded.
In November 2017, scientists of the Baikal Expedition social-scientific project, who conducted a hydrochemical study of Baikal water and soil in the summer, announced the first results of their research, announcing that Baikal had an increased content of toxic substances such as copper, lead and zinc. According to one of the experts' versions, the substances could have entered Lake Baikal through the rivers as a result of "uncontrolled mining operations."
Meanwhile, the governor of the Irkutsk region Sergey Levchenko at the end of December last year сообщил, that from January 2018 the special interdepartmental working group will begin to operate to check the objects of the tourist industry on Lake Baikal with the participation of foreign capital. This decision was made after reports of the massive construction of Chinese hotels and cafes in Listvyanka and on the island of Olkhon. According to the governor, "Unfortunately, the federal legislation does not prevent foreigners from buying land in settlements near Baikal by intermediaries, but the region will look for ways to prevent this."