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Who does not take risks, he does not drink milk

The zone of risky farming is such a disappointing "diagnosis" economists like to put when talking about the prospects for the development of agriculture in Kamchatka

Who does not take risks, he does not drink milk

Are there grounds for such skepticism, or is a holy place never empty? About who and why invests in the Kamchatka agroindustry - in the material

Residents of the Kamchatka Krai remember sadly the reindeer-breeding, plant-growing and vegetable-growing state farms that flourished in the Soviet era, forgetting that agriculture on the peninsula was always fully subsidized. In the 1990-s, the agro-industry was really going through hard times - private entrepreneurs invested mainly in raw materials and fishing clusters, and agricultural land was abandoned. However, the last few years have changed the trend: the region has been perceived by investors as a new source of quality agricultural products, able to meet the demand for food products not only among the inhabitants of Kamchatka, but also among consumers in the rest of Russia, as well as in Asian countries.

Today, the region is implementing a long-term target program "Development of agriculture and regulation of the market for agricultural products, raw materials and food in the Kamchatka Territory for 2013-2017", which includes the development of reindeer husbandry, dairy farming, poultry farming and meat farming, as well as the development of small forms of farming , increasing the level of human resources and other areas. Currently, agricultural products in the region are produced by 25 agricultural organizations, of which nine are reindeer herding, 417 peasant (farm) households and about 6,6 thousand personal subsidiary plots of citizens. Local authorities are interested in the construction of new agricultural cooperatives and intensive production complexes that will allow small local farmers to set a fair market price for their products.

Drinking water is one of the key resources of the Kamchatka Territory as a producer of food products, and in the literal sense too. Back in the 2030th century, the German naturalist Georg Wilhelm Steller, the first explorer of Kamchatka nature, wrote in his work: “The quality of the river and spring water in Kamchatka is so good that it is difficult to express in words. The good quality of this water is obvious with its constant consumption ... ”The region has huge reserves of the purest water, and in conditions of a sharply growing demand for this resource (according to scientists, by 10 the global demand for drinking water will double) it is quite possible to expect its rise in price. At the moment, Kamchatka water producers produce about 12-60 million bottles annually, while the production capacity would be enough for more than XNUMX million.

Today, the government of Kamchatka, among other things, is considering the export of local drinking water wholesale and retail (in branded bottles): importing countries will be Southeast Asian countries, including Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. But in order to make the drinking brand of the Kamchatka Krai world-famous, it is necessary to support private entrepreneurs. "We need investors who will help bring the industry engaged in the production of bottled water to a new level," says Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology of the region Vasily Prijdun. One of the investment projects for the production of Kamchatka drinking water - the project "Silver Water of Kamchatka" - is aimed at the production and sale of clean drinking water from the Russkaya Bay field in the amount of 3 million tons per year.

Equally important is the attraction of capital to the food industry in Kamchatka. In this market, the main player was the company "Agrotek", actively investing in livestock. The flagship pig farm, located in the vicinity of the city of Elizova, produces 1300 tons of fresh meat per year, and by 2017 this figure should increase more than threefold. In its fields, Agrotech uses its own fertilizers to grow green fodder. The company's general director Vladimir Rubakhin, who once imported thousands of pigs from Canada to Kamchatka, considers agriculture to be the key and most promising sector in the region.

Agrotech has already invested more than 1 billion rubles in local production facilities, and this is just the beginning: according to Rubakhin, the company's task for the next few years is to make the region independent in terms of food supply. Currently, the company plans to take part in the opening of a new agro-park, located to the north of Petropavlovsk.

“The new agro-industrial park enjoys the full support of the Kamchatka government. The next step will be the modernization of our facilities and the introduction of world-class technology to increase productivity. Our main goal is to become a leading food producer in eastern Russia. We invite other investors to invest in the region, says Rubakhin. “There’s plenty of room here.” Indeed, in addition to Agrotek, other companies have already announced their intention to become park residents, including Exotic Trading, Kamchatka Greenhouse Company (greenhouse production) and Ecostar (production of granulated fodder based on agricultural waste).

Having a significant supply of clean water and thousands of hectares of land, much of which is now cultivated for the first time in several decades, the region has a chance not only to meet the demand of local residents, but also to become a major supplier of food and water to other regions.

Reference about the projects:

Agro-industrial park "Nagorny"

Where: Elizovsky district, Nagorny village

When: 2014-2019 years

How many: 3 billion rubles

It is planned that the park will become the center of agricultural production and trade in the Kamchatka Territory. In the area of ​​121 hectare large greenhouse farms, processing enterprises, warehouses for storing agricultural products and farms, a farmer market and a trade and exhibition complex will be located. Due to state co-financing, it is planned to create conditions for the development of agricultural production: to bring engineering networks (gas pipeline, electric networks, water supply and sewage networks), build roads and equip the sites. Installation of special lighting and heating lamps of Dutch production will allow year-round to grow salad crops in greenhouses, built by Agrotech.

Silver water of Kamchatka

Where: Russian Bay on the east coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula

in 100 km south of Petropavlovsk – Kamchatka port

When: 2014-2019 years

How many: 1414 million rubles

The water intake area is within the South Kamchatka Nature Park, far from populated areas and industrial facilities. The uniqueness of the field is due to the high characteristics of underground fresh water of drinking quality, the ability to load large-capacity tankers directly from the field. To date, exploration wells have been drilled there, water analysis is taken and a conclusion is obtained that it meets the requirements of standard norms. The samples were also analyzed in the state laboratory of Japan. Japanese experts noted that the received water has no impurities and can be used for drinking, cooking, making tea and other drinks.

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