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Space disassembly

EastRussia continues to monitor the situation at the Vostochny cosmodrome under construction, which is getting hot every day

Space disassembly

To the fact that the first persons of the state visit a large-scale construction in the Amur region 2 times a month, which the federal and not only mass media report intensively in their releases, the country seems to have already become accustomed. But the fact that in three weeks there could have happened, even the most desperate skeptics did not believe.

Astronomical sums

Let's remind: in early April, two dozen workers involved in the launch pad of the cosmodrome went on a hunger strike due to three-month salary delays. They even managed to personally get through to Dmitry Rogozin, who promised to sort it out and convinced the rioters to stop what they had begun. But as soon as the Deputy Prime Minister flew away from the region, an inscription appeared on the roofs of the hostels of the technical complex, facing into space: “Putin, help! We want to work, but we don't see the money for 4 months ”- thus the builders from“ TMK ”(Vladivostok) took over the baton of workers' disobedience. As a result, the participation of workers in a direct line with the president and several criminal cases against the bigwigs of the Russian construction industry of various sizes. Here, for example, from the latter: “The Amur police opened a criminal case on the theft of 300 million rubles for the construction of the infrastructure of the Vostochny cosmodrome. The detectives suspect the representatives of the Volgo-Vyatka Construction Company (VVSK) of fraud: the company spent the advance payment received for the performance of the work to repay the loan in one of the Russian banks. At the same time, only according to preliminary data, the volume of alleged theft and inappropriate spending during the construction of the cosmodrome reaches 16 billion rubles. In general, for the next arrival of Rogozin there was an additional reason.

As we managed to find out from the employees of the problem subcontractors themselves, repayment of debts on wages is still going on: in small tranches and in strict order; Literally the day before Rogozin's arrival, his money was received by another 20 people. The mood of the workers has improved noticeably, and people are now going to the press without fear that they will be deprived of their work for divulging the real state of affairs.

“The situation was very tense - here I dealt with the life of the shift workers, and, in fact, was responsible for their“ temporary home ”. Where else could they go to me? They reassured, supported as best they could - after all, they did not pay us money ourselves, ”says Tatyana Lutsenko, commandant of the disgraced“ Stroyindustriya-S ”hostel. - Now our company, one might say, has been liquidated, but thanks to the intervention of the government and Dalspetsstroy, the problem was solved. Some workers even stayed, others went home, but already want to return. "

“We can't believe that everything has finally worked out, people have re-believed in the construction site,” says Arseny Markov, foreman of Ideal LLC. - The guys with whom I worked in other cities are calling me now, asking to help arrange them here. This is without pathos - we really want to work here. We hope this will not happen again. "

According to the leaders of the construction site, at the facilities of the East, as before, installers, commissioners and other workers are needed, the rates for which were earlier, but for unknown reasons, more than a thousand questionnaires from potential builders lay in the tables of contract organizations - why so happened, The Amur labor inspection.

“This disgrace has already turned into not understanding what,” Alexander Volosov, director of Spetsstroy of Russia, commented on the situation. - We are talking about deadlines, about delivery, but in fact there are no people, no normal attitude towards them. Once again, I want to convey to all companies: people are above everything, wages are above everything. This is our priority in our work. The workers are not to blame for anything. In addition, the victims of the actions of unscrupulous firms have already been settled in Spetsstroy. We will take about a hundred workers from TMK to our departments - they are planned to be transferred by 15 May. "

Extreme dependence

From now on, for each specific case of non-payment, the inspectors assured, there will be separate proceedings between the Rostrud inspection and the prosecutor's office. The result of the actions or inaction of the contractors were more than 1,5 thousand violations of labor law, which resulted in four criminal cases and over 500 lawsuits - such figures were announced by Dmitry Rogozin during one of the meetings.

The main reasons for the emergence of such a labor collapse Rogozin called the lack of any working capital at the companies and, as a result, extreme dependence on customers and payments to them for the work performed, in connection with which the Deputy Prime Minister recommended to pay special attention to the reputation of the contractors .

“Non-payment to people is not a reason, but a consequence. Responsibility for this lies with Spetsstroy and Dalspetsstroy - in particular, the former leadership of the latter. They were the ones who allowed such vulnerable organizations to the main facility of the country, - concluded Rogozin. “As a result, we got private companies that are not able to deal with their internal problems, and the shadow falls on all work.”

According to the Federal Service for Labor and Employment, as of April 20-24, 14 inspections were carried out in organizations located in 84 regions of the country and associated with the construction of Vostochny. In 17 firms involved in the main construction of the country, debts to workers were established. In 29 cases, these facts were not confirmed. In addition, 1651 violations of labor relations at the cosmodrome were revealed by the prosecutor's office, on the fact of which 127 submissions were made, and 87 officials were brought to disciplinary responsibility. 634 applications for more than 21 million rubles were sent to the court, and one criminal case was initiated under Art. 37 of the Criminal Code. Another 3 criminal cases are being investigated against directors of DSS, Stroyindustriya-S and TMK - the leaders of all these organizations have been arrested.

As a result of these measures, by April 24, eight construction organizations managed to pay off more than 28 million rubles of debt: 5786 people received the amounts owed, and they were able to give money not only to workers working at the cosmodrome, but also to those employees of companies who work at other facilities, stressed Rogozin. In the near future, it is expected to pay off debts to employees in seven organizations in the amount of 38 million rubles. “As far as I was informed, all debts must be paid on April 30th. On May 5, I will come again and personally check it, '' Rogozin assured. “In addition, I ask you to carry out such inspections regularly, until the completion of construction work, so that there are no more such cases. After all, the pace of construction largely depends on protecting the rights of workers working in Vostochny. "

According to Rogozin, from now on, the principles established in the country's defense-industrial complex will operate on the Vostochny: it has already been decided that all payments will go through the treasury, and all subcontractors will have accounts there. “I am especially concerned about the Vladivostok“ TMK ”- more than 1150 people were injured there. I just spoke with the presidential envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District, Yuri Trutnev, on Tuesday he will hold a meeting in Vladivostok. These are the problems of the construction business of the scale of the Far East. We will jointly decide with the government, "Rogozin said.

With my own eyes

At the very same objects of the East, it seems, a second wind has opened. The fact that a couple of weeks ago at the main construction site of the country there was a strike, now you cannot say: at the "start" they mount equipment for the fire ring and make a gas outlet, and on the "technical equipment" they fill in load floors with might and main, on which in the third quarter of this year there will be a cart with a rocket. The traditional tour of these objects at Rogozin took much less time than usual, and a separate topic was a visit to the rotational camp for students of construction brigades, which this year will come to the cosmodrome as much as 1300 people.

“By May 1, when the first hundred young workers come here, everything is ready. The rooms are equipped with furniture and household appliances, all the little things are taken into account - up to bed linen, - Olga Zaichenko, Deputy Head of the Vostochny Cosmodrome branch of FSUE Dalspetsstroy, conducts the tour. - This housing was made not as temporary, but practically as full-fledged houses, where people will live for months. Each building has shower rooms, a toilet, water supply, sewerage. "

The Deputy Prime Minister also stopped by at one of the most problematic points of the East - the future science town of Tsiolkovsky. As part of the first stage, 12 high-rise buildings with 1045 apartments should appear here, but so far only four buildings have real outlines. According to the builders, at the moment, a third of the concrete required for the first stage has been poured, and, as a sample, one of the apartments is ready in the final version. To catch up with the existing backlog, contractors promise to increase the number of construction workers by 1300 people in the near future, as well as to attract 350 students to work in May. Nine residential buildings should be commissioned before the start of the heating season, three more - by December.

As a result of all these detours, a large-scale meeting was held in the Vostochny administrative complex, at which, after Rogozin's opening remarks, many, as they say, relieved. “Obviously, there is a clear movement at construction sites. It can be seen that the management of the Spetsstroy organization kept their promises to increase the volume of facilities, and we really proceed from the fact that we fit into the schedule. At the very least, everything should be done at the same pace, with the same energy and dedication, ”noted Dmitry Rogozin. - General impressions are as follows: the work is going quite intensively. Apparently, we have passed the most difficult and critical moment of construction and are entering a normal, healthy rhythm. Now I, Igor Anatolyevich Komarov, the leadership of Roscosmos, are much more convinced that we all have to be in time. "

To the delight of the audience, the construction schedules seem to have finally begun to converge. This means that after the commissioning of the 1st launch complex (under the Soyuz-2 cargo carrier), the workers will be transferred to the 2nd - under the Angara manned rocket, the documentation for which is being prepared by Roscosmos just now. “Despite the fact that there are still issues related to energy, water supply and sewerage, there has been a dynamic and intensification of work on the delivery of premises for the installation of technological equipment: out of 138 premises for the launch complex, 96 have already been transferred, and we see an improvement in dynamics,” confirmed the words Rogozin, head of the Federal Space Agency Igor Komarov. - We hope that we will still be able to raise the pace of work and resolve the existing issues even faster. And then the schedules and a comprehensive product preparation plan show that we have the opportunity to complete everything on time. "

The financing situation has also changed for the better: since March 14, advances have been made to builders in the amount of 3,6 billion rubles. And of the 79 billion rubles required to create 11 objects of the so-called "start-up minimum", 52 billion have already been financed. “Nevertheless, the launch and technical complexes are still the main critical objects of the cosmodrome: the volume of work there exceeds the amount of funding. In this regard, it is necessary to additionally attract 15 billion rubles here, and taking into account the existing debt - about 22 billion, "Komarov noted.

In 2015, the state will have to invest 29,3 billion rubles in the creation of the Eastern State, there is also an opportunity to pay an additional 13,6 billion under two federal programs. “After the commissioning of the facilities of the minimum start-up in July, the arrival of Roscosmos workers begins here, and I would like to know for sure what kind of builders do you intend to take further action, - continued Rogozin. - The second stage of Vostochny construction will follow the first, in addition, it is necessary to build an airfield, and all this in conditions of austerity. Therefore, I want to hear in the near future your plans for a smooth transition from one work to another, so as not to take out either people or equipment. "

At this, the part of the meeting, open to the press, ended in order to continue in a week - Rogozin's next working trip to the cosmodrome is scheduled for May 5.

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