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Space shoots

The first winter student shift at the Vostochny space center is coming to an end

Space shoots

125 people from five regions of Russia became the fourth mass youth landing at the facilities of a giant construction site deployed in the middle of the Amur region. Further - more: this summer an unprecedented number of young people should come to Vostochny - about 1,5 thousand.

On the precepts of BAM

The first winter student shift in the Amur Uglegorsk opened about a month ago with a solemn formation and roll call with chants and flags. More than a hundred children from Kazan, Tomsk, Barnaul, Kursk, Belogorsk, Raichikhinsk and Blagoveshchensk radiated seething energy and a desire to work - with a similar attitude in the 1980s their fellow countrymen went to BAM.

“Friends, believe me, you will not be disappointed. Because the school that you go through here both in summer and in winter will be useful to you in your future life, - the deputy head of the Spetsstroy of Russia Alexander Mordovets admonished the audience. - It's worth a lot to see how such objects are being built. And working for them is an honor for any builder. "

The peculiarity of this shift is that all the children study construction specialties. These are future foremen, foremen, chiefs of sections, foremen. To get into each of the seven construction brigades formed at Vostochny (there will be 40 of them in the summer), students underwent a thorough selection and instruction.

Some of them have come for the second time already - for example, citizens of Kazan, who managed to prove themselves from the very best side last summer. “Our squad has become the best in the republic, since in the summer of 2014 we took first place here in terms of production indicators. Of course, the university administration and parents approve of this - everyone is happy that we were able to take part in such a grandiose project, ”says Artem Kudryashov, commander of the Kazan detachment from the Kazan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. - Of course, romance cannot be taken away, but it is more important for us that Spetsstroy Rossii gives us the opportunity to go through a good school, just in our specialty. "

For many, this practice turns out to be not just a good school, but also a solid prospect. If you prove yourself well at a construction site, there is a chance to get a prestigious position. “This is a huge motivation. Therefore, when there was a choice whether to go or not, none of us had a question about where we should be, - smiles a student of the Tomsk State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering Saizana Monge, - after graduation, I plan to work here, build my life and in the future, perhaps, create a family. "

At the same time, young people will be able to earn quite a bit for a change: the salary here is 30-40 thousand rubles with full board (they live in cozy 3-4-local rooms of a modern working hostel) and provide Warm winter overalls. Life is organized, leisure is organized, increased nutrition is provided.

The Legacy of Space

«And this is my personal suit, in which I spent 188 days on board the ISS. Very convenient - you can put pens, some kind of notebooks, a tablet in there ... There are 2 of such suits for the entire flight - cosmonaut, Hero of Russia Roman Romanenko tells schoolchildren and students about the gifts he presented to the Vostochny Museum in Uglegorsk. - Here is my entire personal set of special equipment for emergency situations - this is spacesuits for landing in the winter taiga, and kits for survival in almost any conditions. Thank God, nothing was needed, but that is why all this is more valuable. Equipment and suits have been in space. "

According to the curators of the Vostochny Museum, there are no exhibits similar to these in any exhibition hall in Europe, which makes the Uglegorsk museum unique. “You see, our museum is now acquiring a new quality,” says Konstantin Chmarov, Vice President of the United Rocket and Space Corporation (URSC), formerly Deputy Commander of the Plesetsk cosmodrome, Minister for Vostochny Construction and Dmitry Rogozin's assistant in the Amur region. “These are not just some formalized documents, extracts from the Internet, photos. These are things that have really been in space, standard equipment for training cosmonauts, means of rescue that were on board the spacecraft - of course, they are of greater value than an understudy exhibit or some kind of cargo, weighty package. This is a real exhibit with which history is connected. "

The transfer of rare artifacts was witnessed by third-year students of the Amur State University (AMSU), who will soon be transferred to MAI, where in a couple of years they will receive diplomas of space specialists. This status has already passed the graduates of the first aerospace enrollment of AmSU, who now work as engineers at Vostochny.

“We plunged into the very beginning of the construction. We are witnessing the installation of equipment and its delivery. This is a rare opportunity to see everything, to participate in this process, to learn everything from scratch, do you understand? - Roman Zavorotko, engineer of the Vostochny space center, says excitedly. - I concluded that what I know is still not enough - you constantly need to study the materiel, without it anywhere. This is the main difference from study, where the knowledge that gives is different from reality. "

“At the time when I was studying - and this was not so long ago - there was no cosmodrome, it was in the project and was just beginning. Therefore, now we are a little jealous of today's students, who have the opportunity to undergo an internship, to see it all, ”adds Egor Sedykh, engineer at TsENKI FSUE.

By the way, Romanenko suggested that after the commissioning of the Vostochny cosmodrome, Russia will most likely create its own space station. And this will also require inquiring minds.

“Initially, the ISS was supposed to exist until 2020. However, the operation has now been extended for another 5 years. Because, according to estimates, according to the technical expertise that cosmonauts do in space, studying the surface of the station, the structure, they came to the conclusion that the station can work longer than the period for which it was designed. But your own is better than the general, ”the cosmonaut sums up.

About the curriculum

Not so long ago, the problems of training future specialists in the space industry were discussed at a meeting between Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin and rectors of leading Russian technical educational institutions. According to the Deputy Prime Minister, in the near future Roskosmos should formulate the so-called "pyramid of tasks", which will be brought to the heads of universities, and they, in turn, to talented students of technical specialties.

“We need new ideas that are not blinkered or stereotyped,” the Deputy Prime Minister said at the meeting. - And we hope to get them only from young specialists. Not from an established academic science, but from a university, dynamic, if you like. "

For this, since 2009 (when the project of creating a cosmodrome was just being formed) in the Amur Region, they began to train space-technical specialists: they began to recruit students to the Faculty of Engineering and Physics, who would then serve Vostochny.

“It was a rather risky step for us,” says AmSU rector Andrey Plutenko, “after all, we taught them here for only 2,5 years, and for many, the transfer to the same MAI meant the final move. We were afraid of losing our talents. After all, they themselves did not have practically any laboratory facilities, so we could not compete even in the field of "is it interesting to study here." Now we have begun to find understanding ... A meeting with the Minister of Education and Science Livanov is to be held in March - we have already sent our proposals there. We want to create good laboratories on the basis of AmSU and train bachelors. "

According to the previous project, students studied at two universities: MAI and SRSU - from 2009 to 2013; thus, just over a hundred people became engineers. Under the new project, young people will study in Moscow only in the magistracy (two years after the fourth year), and then return as specialists to Vostochny.

“We have recruited the first 15 people, next year we are planning 20 - already to the hundred that studied according to the“ first ”project, - explains the dean of the Faculty of Engineering and Physics of AmSU Arkady Kozyr. - Of course, on a national scale, what are 100-150 people? But they should be arranged according to specific orders from Roscosmos. We are able to teach as needed. "

In addition, agreements have been concluded between the Federal Medical and Biological Agency and the Amur Medical Academy on the training of specialists for work at Vostochny. By the end of the year, it is necessary to attract about 40 doctors and even more nurses. Also, the authorities of the Amur Region expect that the cosmodrome will help to provide employment to that part of the population, which in today's economic conditions is threatened with job loss.

“At the moment, we are faced with the task of the cosmodrome, as it were,“ absorbing ”those vacancies that may now be due to the crisis and layoffs, and thereby creating a labor market,” said Oleg Kozhemyako, Governor of the Amur Region. - For this, of course, it is necessary to organize training and retraining of personnel in our specialized professional educational institutions. Now such additional agreements will be signed. I think this will allow those people who have lost their jobs and want to acquire a new specialty to receive retraining within 2-6 months and then come here. "

By the way, in the near future, Dmitry Rogozin is going to discuss with the rectors of the leading technical universities of the country whether it is possible for the studio students to pass the session in April in order to go to work at the cosmodrome in May. This summer more than a thousand young people are preparing to meet here.

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