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"Kor Industrie": how to cut a nut under a nut
In the Free Port, Vladivostok began to clean cashews
In early June, in Vladivostok, a unique production facility was launched - a cashew processing plant. Thanks to the preferences received, the investor managed to save considerably on purchases of raw materials: in his opinion, nowhere in Russia, under conditions of normal regulation, the economy of such a project would not be profitable.
Maxim Korenev, General Director of Kor Group, says that the idea of launching cashew nut processing in the Far East was prompted by the experience of trading with Asian countries. “We have been engaged in export-import to the countries of the Asia-Pacific region for a long time and we know the market,” says Mr. Korenev. According to him, the leaders in cashew sales in the world are Vietnam and India. At the same time, Vietnam imports up to 90% of raw materials.
“This year, a sharp rise in prices for cashews is forecast. And we decided: why are we worse than India and Vietnam? We analyzed the market needs and found that cashews are interesting as a product for the Far East, ”says Maxim Korenev.
At the same time, customs regulation in the sphere of nut supply to Russia is imperfect, the entrepreneur admits. For the import of the peeled walnut, for example, there are no duties, it is necessary to pay only VAT, and for importing the walnut in the shell it is necessary to pay also the duty. But this, says Maxim Korenev, is illogical: "By importing raw materials, I put production here, I give jobs and tax revenues." In addition, a ton of uncooked nut, depending on the calibration, gives after cleaning only 220-260 kg of product.
Thanks to the Free Port regime, Kor Group received preferences in customs regulation: now the supply of raw materials to Russia goes exactly at the prices at which products are purchased abroad. “There are no analogues of such a production in Russia, and that's why,” says Maxim Korenev. - We have an exclusive opportunity in the country to import raw materials so that the project is profitable. Any other enterprise, if it starts to implement a similar idea under the conditions of ordinary customs regulation, will not break even - rather, crazy losses ”.
The technological process at the new enterprise involves several stages of thermal treatment of raw materials, continues Maxim Korenev, and that is why the line consumes up to 150-200 kW * h - more than an eight-story residential building. “The walnut undergoes peeling, steaming, screening, peeling, and after splitting it goes to the sterile zone, where the final processing is done. We have brought a photocell from China, which helps to sort the product by color. We have automated the line, although manual work is still required. In Vietnam, everything is done by hand - there is cheap labor, at $ 5 a day. We were with scientists in different factories, we evaluated all the technologies. They also attracted Russian engineers. We are still improving the technology, and it is potentially exported, ”he says.
The monthly output of products will be from 20 to 22 tons. The amount of capital investments under the project will amount to 5,8 million rubles. The investments are aimed at purchasing and installing technological equipment, as well as preparing the production site. The estimated volume of tax payments to the budgets of all levels for 10 years will be about 292,3 million rubles.
Cor Industry employs 40 employees and will continue to increase both its staff and product range. “The uniqueness of our production lies in the fact that it becomes completely waste-free. Cashew nut shells contain an acid that converts to cardanol when pressed. It is an imported substance used as a binder for the production of paints, varnishes, and plastics. We have negotiated, there are potential buyers. After pressing, the cake remains, which can be pressed into fuel pellets, which are ready to buy in Asia. Crumbs and husks can be processed into fertilizers, the smallest crumbs can be processed into edible oil, ”says Maxim Korenev.
The group of companies still has many plans, including large-scale projects in the field of logistics. “But I do not advertise all this widely. The principle is: fewer words - more actions. We will tell you how we will do it, ”sums up the entrepreneur.
Published in the journal "Economics of the Far East"