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Komsomol Onion

How enterprises in the Far East can develop without the mechanisms of TOP

In 2011, a group of private investors began to create modern greenhouses in Komsomolsk-on-Amur on the basis of the bankrupt state-owned Greenhouse Vostok. Now Agrocomplex Vostok provides up to 25% of the city’s demand for greenery and vegetables and intends to enter new markets, for example, to grow flowers and strawberries. As an enterprise that refused to receive state support measures within the framework of currently popular tools - priority development areas, it nevertheless managed to become successful, studied EastRussia.

Komsomol Onion
The history of the "Agrocomplex" East "began on the ruins of another enterprise - KGSUP" Greenhouse "Vostok". " Before the state of bankruptcy, the state greenhouse complex for 2009 year brought a number of reasons. The company, explain EastRussia in the city administration, used obsolete equipment and technologies. For example, planted seedlings on the "grandfather" method - in the open ground, watered it with the help of the most ordinary leks, sprinkled with primitive tools. The greenhouses were heated through a district heating system. As a result, the yield of KGSUP barely barely reached 8-10 kg per square meter. Meter, and the cost of production went off scale. And despite the fact that the vegetables in Komsomolsk-on-Amur have always been in short supply, the combine is expected to "burn out".

The property of the enterprise was put up for auction in three lots. The first of these included virtually the entire production complex - the right to lease 134,4 thousand square meters. M (or 13 ha) of land, 30 thousand square meters. M greenhouses, several administrative and economic buildings, equipment and vehicles. For how many lots in the end went to the winner - LLC "Agrocomplex" Vostok ", - the company itself does not disclose. It is only known that the last round of bidding by means of a public offer assumed a starting price of 14,19 million rubles. With a decrease of 5,5% per day, but not lower than 6,07 million rubles. As a result, the enterprise bought not only individual objects of the hothouse plant, but its entirety - for the revival of production.

EastRussia Help. OOO Agrocomplex Vostok, according to, created its head, Anton Kolyada, in Komsomolsk-on-Amur in 2010. In 2016-m in the capital of the LLC with its increase to 30 thousand rubles. Included Maxim Degterev (33,3%) and Igor Dubrovin (33,3%). With the proceeds of 2011 in the amount of 59 thousand rubles. The turnover of the company grew by the end of 2015 to 10,9 million rubles. - 185 times. Net profit of LLC for 2015 year - 2 million rubles. Now the greenhouse complex occupies an area of ​​2,58 ha, the work of the enterprise is provided by 30 people, the volume of production is 1,29 thousand tons of vegetables, lettuce and green crops per year.

The new owner began to modernize production: he demolished the old glass greenhouses, replaced the substation and switched the heat supply to natural gas, built the first stage of new greenhouses focused on growing lettuce, and then the second one for a wider assortment. In 2013-2014, the complex produced only greens and salads, since 2016 - also cucumbers, for which the third stage of greenhouses is already being built. 5 thousand sq. m, spinach, basil, arugula and onions. In March 2017, the company expects to get the first harvest of flowers - tulips, daffodils, crocuses and hyacinths. The volume of private investments in the modernization of the agricultural complex in the LLC itself is estimated at 90 million rubles. In addition, in 2016, the company received two subsidies to compensate for part of the cost of the purchased equipment: 1,5 million rubles from the municipality, 6,5 million rubles from the Khabarovsk Territory.

The sales network of the company is currently represented by its own store, points in shopping centers and supermarket counters. According to EastRussia's interlocutors in the industry, the agro-complex "Vostok" occupies about 20-25% of the market of greenery and vegetables. The competition is made up, firstly, by private farm and personal subsidiary farms, which grow their produce exclusively on open grounds, and imported products from China. Before the beginning of the functioning of the Vostok agricultural complex, green vegetables and vegetables in Komsomolsk-on-Amur were almost completely supplied from the PRC. The company plans to provide in the future up to 50% of the needs of the townspeople in onions (now estimates its share in 10-15%), grow potatoes in the open field, under which the vegetable storehouse has already been built, and start growing plants and berries - strawberries and strawberries.

"There are no competitors for the production of agrocomplex in the local market - we are practically alone on it," the head of the enterprise, Anton Kolyada, told EastRussia. "At the same time, it is necessary for local residents. That's the whole secret of the success of the agrocomplex. I can say that in the Far East, in principle, success is for everyone who produces scarce products on it. " With all the scale of the plans of LLC "Agrocomplex" Vostok ", he emphasizes, refused to apply for the status of resident of the territory of the advanced development of Komsomolsk, although in autumn 2016 worked out such an opportunity with the authorities of the city and the region. Agrocomplex and so enough support from local authorities, assures Anton Kalyada. In his opinion, the status of a TOP resident is in principle expedient only in the case of start-up projects. For already existing enterprises, this is nothing more than a departure from taxes, Mr. Kolyada believes.

The Ministry of Agricultural Production and Rural Development of the Khabarovsk Territory says that the benefits provided for the residents of the TOP are useful for the Vostok agricultural complex with a significant increase in staff, because they are associated with a reduction in the volume of payments to extra-budgetary funds. In the administration of Komsomolsk-on-Amur and the Ministry of Agriculture, the Krai promises to subsidize the enterprise and further, and also announce its inclusion in the agro-industrial cluster being formed in the city. In the administration of Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Mr. Kolyada is described as a "real" businessman who is versed in the management, marketing and promotion system. And Radion Pavlov, the head of the investment activity sector of the region's Ministry of Agriculture, says that the reason for the success of the Vostok agricultural complex in Komsomolsk-on-Amur is that it became private.

Olga Kuznetsova, Professor of the Department of Economic and Social Geography of Russia at the Faculty of Geography of the Moscow State University, agrees that "it was the change of the owner that allowed the company to reanimate the production of which the modern agro-complex was located at the capacities of the recent past, and now it is of importance to it." Agrocomplex produces, "on the one hand, necessary, and on the other hand, a deficit product for the residents of Komsomolsk-on-Amur," says Irina Ilina, director of the Institute for Regional Studies and Urban Planning at the National Research University "Higher School of Economics." And these products "taking into account their cost in the domestic market and freshness are relatively better in the city with foreign products," she emphasizes.

The expert draws attention to the fact that the support of the agro-industrial complex of regional and city levels is a trend of recent years, conditioned by the policy of import substitution and a return to the experience of the functioning of greenhouses. "After all, in pre-perestroika times they functioned very effectively in Russia in every city. With the release of scarce agricultural products, the trend state support of the agro-industrial complex, and also within the policy of import substitution, certain projects will be successful not in individual cases, but everywhere in Russia, "Irina Ilyina believes.

Where is the construction of large greenhouses in the Far East now?
Sakhalin Region
Complex area of ​​8 ha
JSC "State Farm" Hothouse ""
1,6 thousand tons of fresh vegetables per year
Khabarovsk Krai
Complex Evergreen area of ​​10 ha
Russian-Japanese JGC Evergreen
1,4 thousand tons of vegetables per year
Primorsky Krai
Complex area of ​​5 ha
Japanese JFE Engineering Corporation
n / a
Amur Region
Complex area of ​​6,19 ha
Agricultural production cooperative "Teplichny"
More than 6 thousand tons of vegetables per year
Complex "Sayuri" with an area of ​​8,2 ha
The Japanese "Sayuri"
2,2 thousand tons of vegetables per year

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