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Komsomolsk-on-Amur will develop according to plan
The draft long-term action plan for the integrated social and economic development of Komsomolsk-on-Amur has been agreed at the regional level, as well as with the federal executive bodies of the Russian Federation, and submitted to the Government of the Russian Federation for consideration on 25 February 2016
The draft long-term action plan for the comprehensive socio-economic development of Komsomolsk-on-Amur was agreed at the regional level, as well as with the Federal executive authorities of the Russian Federation, and submitted for consideration to the Government of the Russian Federation on February 25, 2016.
“The draft long-term plan for the comprehensive socio-economic development of the city of Komsomolsk-on-Amur was developed by the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East together with the interested federal executive bodies and the government of the Khabarovsk Territory in accordance with the decisions of the government commissions on import substitution and on the socio-economic development of the Far East and the Baikal region held in December 2015 "- the Ministry of the Eastern Development of the Russian Federation reported to the correspondent of the EastRussia information and analytical agency.
“Measures for the development of Komsomolsk-on-Amur have always been carried out by the city administration within the framework of its powers. But for its large-scale complex long-term development, it is necessary to use other mechanisms of state administration - assistance from the federal center. Since in the past, the city developed precisely thanks to such assistance. At first, its provision was envisaged by the very decision to create the city as a military-industrial outpost of the Far East, then by the decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, issued in 1983. In 2015, the city administration finally managed to convey to the Russian leadership the idea that Komsmolsk-on Amur needed support from the federal center - through the plenipotentiary of the President of the Russian Federation in the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev, Governor of the Khabarovsk Territory Vyacheslav Shport and the apparatus of the Ministry for the Development of the East "- said the first deputy head of the administration of Komsmolsk-on-Amur Yevgeny Korshikov.
The long-term development plan for Komsomolsk-on-Amur includes two blocks of measures. The first block provides for the implementation of organizational measures (in particular - for the development of industry, the creation of a large industrial and engineering center, the development of transport communications, exhibition and fair, congress activities, an increase in the educational and cultural potential of the city), as well as the development of a strategy for the development of the city and the definition of the arrangement of public centers (urban spaces) in need of development. Among the activities of this block - localization of production facilities for the production of components for aircraft (including Sukhoi SuperJet-100 aircraft) and production for the benefit of civil and military shipbuilding; development of metallurgical production on the territory of the Khabarovsk Territory (JSC "Amurmetal"), including the development of a set of measures to reduce tariffs for rail transportation of ferrous scrap; creation of a outfitting base for testing and delivery of various ships and ships for the Far East region. The second block of the plan involves the implementation of projects for the construction of engineering, transport, energy, social infrastructure in the city. These are projects such as the construction of an engineering school, the reconstruction of a drama theater and an embankment, the creation of a regional sports center, the development of a road network, and the construction of protective structures (dam).
“In addition to the regional government, the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, acting as coordinators and main developers of the plan, all federal ministries, as well as a number of large companies, took part in its creation. In particular, these are companies with state participation that directly carry out activities in the territory of Komsomolsk-on-Amur - the responsible executors of the set of measures provided for by the plan. Among them are PJSC United Aircraft Corporation, JSC Sukhoi Civil Aircraft, JSC United Shipbuilding Corporation, JSC Russian Railways, JSC NK Rosneft. In the process of creating the plan, which began in December 2015, a long dialogue took place between all the developers, as a result of which they developed common positions on all its key points, which were taken into account in the document sent to the Government, "said Maria Avilova, Deputy Minister of Economic Development of the Khabarovsk Territory. ...
“The citizens themselves were directly involved in the development of the plan. Almost all of their proposals were taken into account in the final draft of the plan. In particular, the residents of Komsmolsk-on-Amur propose to include in the plan such projects as the creation of sports, children's educational and health-improving and innovative interactive centers, as well as a set of measures to bring the city's street and road networks into a standard state. For its part, the city administration, together with the Government of the Khabarovsk Territory, developed for inclusion in the plan projects involving the development of industrial enterprises of the city, its transport infrastructure, the organization of its constant air communication with surrounding settlements, improvement of communal services, in particular - completion of work at the Amur water intake to provide residents with high-quality drinking water, to reconstruct the sewerage network and water supply system, ”said Evgeny Korshikov.
According to him, financing, according to the plan, should be carried out by the Government of the Russian Federation and relevant ministries as a priority. The plan sets the following deadlines for its implementation: for the main targets and indicators, it is 2025, for most events, it is 2020. Yevgeny Korshikov considers targets and indicators of the development of conditions for consolidating the population and increasing its size to be one of the main ones. Since the plan provides for an increase in the number of Komsomolsk-on-Amur by 2015 by 10 thousand people.
“The timing of the plan's implementation is quite realistic. After the approval of the plan by the Government, the administration will immediately begin to actively implement it, since the main task for its implementation is precisely in front of it - to inform, control all the parties involved in the plan's activities and to get involved in their implementation. If earlier the administration carried out current work in the city, now it will work for its active development. This is a completely different level of responsibility. In order to carry it, the administration will even be reorganized in some way, ”Yevgeny Korshikov announced.
In his opinion, the implementation of a long-term plan for socio-economic development in Komsomolsk-on-Amur is beneficial to everyone - both existing and planning to become residents of the Komsomolsk ASEZ, as evidenced by their interest in the document. Since all residents of the ASEZ for the successful implementation of their projects need to develop the social infrastructure of the city, retain local personnel in it, as well as the appearance of new ones, which is provided for by a significant part of the plan's projects.
According to Maria Avilova, the implementation of the plan will significantly help the development of the city, as it provides for the implementation of a set of measures aimed at the development of all aspects of its life as an industrial center and as a territory where local residents live. In order for it to be effective - to revive the existing socio-economic situation in Komsomolsk-on-Amur - it is necessary for the executors of the plan to comply with all of its parameters and terms, as well as a responsible approach to its implementation.
The Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, in turn, noted that for the effective implementation of the plan, the timely preparation of all the necessary permits is necessary, which will allow starting the practical implementation of the plan within the time frame that is now scheduled. It is also important to strive for cost optimization - at least you need to fit into the one that is now indicated in the plan. Also, the regional government is required to provide financing for the development of design estimates and co-financing of its part of the plan, while the main burden goes to the federal budget. At the same time, coordinated actions of all participants in the implementation of the plan are necessary where the region is the coordinator of organizational measures.
“The main thing that will help Komsomolsk-on-Amur as a whole become better is to increase the level of development of social infrastructure, culture and education and improve industry - this is that the developed plan of socio-economic development is supported by significant funding from the federal center,” I am sure Evgeny Korshikov.
“Even if the plan is not fully funded, its implementation will significantly increase the social attractiveness of the city, which is necessary for the creation of new industries on its territory. Since any enterprise that appears now in the city is in one way or another focused on retaining local personnel and attracting visiting workers, and the successful implementation of these tasks is directly related to how great the social attractiveness of the territory is. But it should be noted that at the present time, without a plan, the administration of Komsomolsk-on-Amur is making a lot of efforts to develop the social infrastructure and life of the city. Since it includes young and active managers "- commented to the EastRussia agency the head of the Energy Group (" anchor "and so far the only resident of the Komsomolsk TOR) Sergey Guskov.
He added that Energia took part in the development of a plan for the socio-economic development of Komsomolsk-on-Amur - paragraph 12 of the document was created on the basis of the company's proposal received by the coordinators of the development of the plan. This clause provides for the development of a draft regulatory legal act securing the right for legal entities with state participation to conclude contracts for the procurement of goods, works, services with residents of the PSEDA on a long-term basis with the provision of preferences. But the main thing that will be provided for by this draft law is the consolidation of the RF Government's right to determine in the agreement on the implementation of activities in the territory of priority socio-economic development of the resident as the only possible supplier of goods produced in the territory of the PSEDA for state companies. Thanks to this, state-owned companies will have the opportunity to use procurement from a single source - a TASED resident.
“The draft law, the development of which involves paragraph 12 of the plan, will contribute to the development of TASED, the payback of projects that are being implemented there, and increase the attractiveness of the region for investors. It can also be considered as an additional benefit for residents of the TASED, among other preferences provided for in Article 17 "Special legal regime for carrying out entrepreneurial and other activities in the territory of advanced socio-economic development." - Sergey Guskov explained.
“The assertion that social infrastructure is poorly developed in Komsomolsk-on-Amur is fundamentally wrong. We can only say that it lags far behind in development from the enterprises operating in the city that produce world-class products. The current state of the social infrastructure, the level of health care, education, culture and sports of the city were the result of the fact that in the period 1990-2000 they did not receive the necessary development for a number of reasons. During this period, their facilities were transferred to the ownership of city-forming enterprises and municipalities. For the latter, this was a heavy burden on the budget. But the city-forming enterprises, realizing that the objects they received are necessary, including for their employees, to the best of their capabilities tried to maintain them in a working condition. A number of objects have even received serious development - for example, the sports complex "Smena" and the park. Gagarin, ”explained Evgeny Korshikov.
Over the past 20 years, the state of energy infrastructure facilities, the degree of wear and tear of which requires reconstruction, and the road facilities have deteriorated to the greatest extent. But at the same time, for more than ten years, the city has no complaints about the lack of electricity, water supply and heat supply. The health and physical education spheres are also in poor condition. On the territory of the city there is no base necessary for the treatment of the local population - first of all, children, and in terms of the provision of sports facilities, the city has never met the current standards.
In turn, education in Komsomolsk-on-Amur was recognized as the best in the Khabarovsk Territory. The city's educational institutions have close ties with local businesses. At the same time, the entire chain of personnel training has been built in the city: school - educational institution of secondary vocational education / university-enterprise. Already at the stage of schooling, children undergo a specialized orientation, and in high school they have the opportunity to study in specialized classes at the corresponding faculties of educational institutions of secondary vocational education or universities - for example, aviation or mechanical engineering. As part of their studies in specialized classes, schoolchildren prepare for further admission to the educational institution, with the faculty of which their class is associated. Enterprises (primarily defense), for their part, are investing in the development of the material and technical base and advanced training of teachers of those educational institutions that train students directly "for" them. In accordance with their comprehensive program aimed at attracting people with specialties and professions that production needs to their work. At the same time, the material and technical base of city schools continues to remain not in the best condition, despite the fact that they constantly receive significant support from the Ministry of Education, being included in the existing departmental programs. Another problem in the educational sphere of Komsomolsk-on-Amur is the lack of facilities in it that are engaged in organizing children's leisure at a modern level throughout the year.
Komsomolsk-on-Amur is the administrative center of the Komsomolsk municipal district of the Khabarovsk Territory. With a population of 250 people, the city is the second largest in the region and the fourth in the Russian Far East. It is the largest industrial center in the Far East. Its town-forming enterprises are ship and aircraft building plants, oil refineries and metallurgical plants. The city also has such large infrastructure facilities as an oil pipeline and a gas pipeline from Sakhalin, a transport hub of the Baikal-Amur Mainline, and a river port. At the same time, the social infrastructure of the city is in an extremely neglected state. The municipal economy of Komsomolsk-on-Amur is also not in the best condition. Residents of Komsomolsk-on-Amur most often complain about the poor condition of roads and courtyards in the city, the lack of modern cultural, entertainment and sports centers.