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In the Magadan region, they began to grow indoor strawberries in an uninterrupted mode. The launch of a large year-round greenhouse complex in the region was planned for several years, until an investor was found - from local industrialists.
But this is unlikely to solve the problem of chronic lack of vitamins among residents of Kolyma - the prices for imported vegetables and fruits make them inaccessible to most buyers, their production is insufficient, and the Kolyma gifts of nature are no less expensive. Greater action is needed to tackle the health problems of local populations caused by dietary deficiencies.
The first strawberries were planted in a greenhouse complex in the village of Talaya in the Magadan Region. The seedlings were brought from Holland. The first harvest is expected in mid-June. It's almost spring in the Magadan Region.
As the well-known industrialist in Kolyma Alexander Basansky, whose concern built these greenhouses, explains, 480 sq. meters of planting area, it is planned to receive from three to five tons of berries per year. In addition, seven thousand square meters will be occupied with tomatoes. meters of area and the same - for cucumbers. Kolyma residents will also see them in the summer. During the year, they plan to receive 1 tons of both.
The fifth generation greenhouses are fully automated, equipped with systems for creating artificial fog, climate control, and air generation. Solar energy is used. The equipment allows you to saturate the plants with carbon dioxide to increase yields. Heat is partly obtained from a hot source, partly from traditional fuels. Given the local energy tariffs, this scheme is the most rational.
Tomatoes and cucumbers in the greenhouse complex will be grown year-round - this is also the first experience for the region.
The regional governor Sergey Nosov and the chairman of the Magadan Regional Duma Sergey Abramov are considering the possibility of a centralized supply of vegetables and berries to children's, medical and social institutions in Kolyma.
Alexander Basansky promises that the berry will be sold "at a reasonable price." Kolyma residents are interested in what this means, but so far the intrigue remains.
“We are working on a system of direct contracts with a fixed price. We plan to profit not from the price, but from the turnover. This will make the products affordable, ”he promised.
The price issue is very important. In the summer, cucumbers in Kolyma are grown by several farms - also in greenhouses, but in ordinary, seasonal ones, and not everyone can afford them. The first local cucumbers are sold at about 600 rubles per kg. The same price is for imported cucumbers and tomatoes. Although tomatoes from the PRC, if desired, can be bought at 300 rubles per kg. In summer, as a rule, Magadan cucumbers drop in price to about 250 rubles.
Chinese apples are sold at a price of 200 rubles per kilogram and more, pears for 300 rubles, tangerines for 280 rubles and more. Strawberries appear in the spring at a price of one and a half thousand at the very beginning to 800 at the end of the season. Many residents of Kolyma do not eat it and other garden berries for years - not all fly to the "mainland", where it is cheap and tasty, and pensioners, if relatives do not help, see it only when passing by. Some do not take the imported one, because often it does not have a pronounced smell or taste.
Someone is trying to grow berries in their dachas, but this is rather "art for art."
“I myself never take strawberries, I can’t afford it,” says pensioner Galina Ivanovna from the village of Ola. - I have several bushes on the site, over the summer berries grow in a 750-gram jar. Not at once, but for the whole season. It's small but tasty. "
The Magadan farm "Evelina" grows strawberries in the open field, but not much, because the Kolyma summer is short. The volumes are small, since this is not the main production.
And a month ago, fresh cherries were delivered to the shops of one city chain in Magadan. At over 3300 per kilogram. Yes, this is not a typo, there is no comma in this figure. The "ordinary" townspeople were once again surprised, laughed, and sent photographs to their friends in the CRS.
“And what, everyone there loves cherries so much that they are ready to buy them even for a million? - asked Olga from Moscow. - What is the point of transporting it at such a price if it just rotted away? Now in Moscow, good tomatoes and cucumbers cost about 300, berries up to 700 rubles, "ordinary" vegetables can be found for 80 rubles. Is the delivery really that expensive? "
The Kolyma people themselves do not understand. The markup is much higher than the cost of a kilogram of air cargo. Here it is called: "Business in Magadan".
A resident of Magadan Valentina took 100 grams of this cherry for a sample for children. It turned out 11 things for 400 rubles. The berry turned out to be sour. This is even more offensive.
In one of the TV interviews, the governor of the region noted that the average salary of Kolyma residents, if we exclude shift workers working in gold mining enterprises, fishermen, "indexes" who need to pay a salary of 200 percent of the average in industry in the region, that is, those people who work for small private, communal, budgetary enterprises, it is about 50 thousand rubles. Considering the high cost of utility bills and services in general, it turns out that these gifts of nature are clearly not for “mere mortals”.
And how many people will see this very local strawberry? If we take the average production rate - 4 tons per year, this is no more than 350 kg per month. Let's take away part of the supplies to social and children's institutions, let's leave conditionally half, it comes out about 170 kilograms per month. Basically, it will go to the stores of the Arbat concern, which also includes the greenhouse complex, but there are not so many of them. So one company cannot solve the problem. This is a good example, but not a panacea.
Probably, the new greenhouse complex will affect the supply of vegetables - cucumbers and tomatoes. There will be more of them. Perhaps this will force competitors to lower prices for their products. The summer season will show.
The need for vitamins from vegetables, berries and fruits, their importance in Kolyma is high, as few elsewhere. Scientists working in the Magadan region have long been studying the problems of the influence of climatic and other living conditions on the health of northerners. The food structure, water composition, high latitudes and hypoxia are directly among them.
Thus, in the article "Modern problems of adaptation processes and human ecology in the circumpolar and arctic regions of Russia: conceptual approaches to solving" A.L. Maksimov (Research Center "Arctic" FEB RAS, Magadan), published in the Ulyanovsk biomedical journal "Normal and Pathological Physiology" No. 1 in 2015, considers the need to regionalize the territory of the Russian Federation on the basis of the discomfort index, which, along with climatogeographic and socio-economic indicators, should take into account and biomedical.
Studies have shown that in the North, a person develops a complex of negative syndromes and conditions. These, the scientist enumerates, include “polar tension, polar dyspnea, polar metabolic type (transition from carbohydrate to fat metabolism), delayed ontogeny of functional development, premature aging, sensory deprivation, hypodynamia, northern arterial hypertension of the small circle, and negative conditions include: seasonal affective disorders, desynchronosis, hypovitaminosis, microelementosis, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, thyroid hyperplasia, decreased reproductive function in men and women. "
A group of scientists from the Research Center "Arctic" FEB RAS, Magadan Ye.A. Lugovaya, A.L. Maksimov, E.M. Stepanov in the journal "Vestnik FEB RAS" No. 5 back in 2013 published an article "Features of mineral metabolism in senior schoolchildren in Magadan."
“Natural drinking waters have a poor mineral composition. In this regard, the intake of vital microelements into the body is limited and is aggravated by insufficient consumption of natural, unrefined products and the increasing use of refined, canned and thermally processed foods. A long-term deficiency of vitamins and microelements with an increased need for them in a state of constant environmental stress in the extreme conditions of the region has a significant impact on the effectiveness of adaptation and the health potential of the population, ”the authors note.
Scientists analyzed the indicators of the elemental system of the body of preschoolers, adolescents and senior schoolchildren permanently residing in Magadan and revealed significant violations of mineral metabolism and a deep deficiency of essential macro- and microelements: Co, Ca, I, Mg, Cu.
“In the conditions of the North, such violations can lead to a decrease in the body's adaptive reserves. At the same time, a chronic deficiency of basic bioelements in extreme northern conditions creates the basis for the development of dysfunctions of many physiological systems and a wide range of pathologies, ”the article says.
Researchers talk about controlling these processes and optimizing nutrition in order to correct these disorders in the early stages. Eating properly in the North is difficult, which means keeping healthy too. After a vacation in warm regions, you don't even want to look at much of what is sold in Kolyma. The prices are annoying. The lack of tasty and cheap vegetables and fruits is not just a shortcoming of a vitamin-poor diet. Here, even with several greenhouse complexes, the problem cannot be corrected. Own production in conditions of high cost of fuel and electricity and a very short summer cannot compete with the "mainland".
Sometime in the 80s, fruits were brought to Kolyma by ships before the New Year - around November. People tried to buy at once a box of apples for twenty kilograms, a box of tangerines, huge bunches of tough green bananas. They put the boxes somewhere in a corner and punished the children: "This is for the New Year." And bananas ripened under the bed in the dark. And so they lived.
Now the situation has changed, but not so much that the adults of Kolyma and their children have on their tables everything that residents of other latitudes have, despite the fact that for life they need a greater margin of safety. Although there is a lot in stores, the feeling of fruit vegetable hunger has not gone anywhere. And the region, whatever one may say, will not be able to defeat it with the help of self-sufficiency.